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Chpt 8


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Chpt 8

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Medication forMental Disorders
  2. 2. Mental Health Disorders & The Medical Model The Model: symptoms ➜ diagnosis ➜ (DSM) determination of cause ➜ treatment ➜ cure Model guides much of current thinking  Attempt to create uniformity in diagnosing  Researchers seek to identify chemical imbalances associated with specific mental disorders Criticisms of model:  Symptoms of MH disorders are generally behavioral  Behaviors are varied and can have many causes
  3. 3. Mental Disorders & Substance Use Issues Mood disorders— characterized by depression and/or mania Anxiety disorders—characterized by excessive worry, fears, or avoidance Psychosis—a serious mental disorder involving loss of contact with reality Schizophrenia—chronic psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and lack of emotional response Substance Induced disorders Important considerations
  4. 4. Treatment of Mental Disorders Early treatment Current medication treatment  Antidepressants  Mood Stabilizers  Anti-anxiety medication  Antipsychotics Treatment & outreach services
  5. 5. Effectiveness & Side Effects Many report decreased symptoms and increase in quality of life Side effects  Toxicity  Movement disorders (tremors, muscle rigidity, shuffling walk, masklike face)  Tardive dyskinesia  Allergic reactions & photosensitivity  Low white blood cell count Additional factors
  6. 6. Issues Related to Drug Treatment for Mental Illness Decline in institutionalization; increase in community MH centers  Benefits  Concerns Change in role of psychiatry Civil rights issues From hospital to jail or the street