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110916 oer and creative commons


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This presentation was delivered by Jason Miles-Campbell at a SCORE / JISC Legal OER and Creative Commons workshop on 16 September 2011, at the Open University, Milton Keynes.

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110916 oer and creative commons

  1. 1. OER and Creative CommonsA guide to law, copyright and open licensing<br />SCORE / JISC Legal Workshop<br />Open University, 16 September 2011<br />79<br />
  2. 2. Hi!<br /><ul><li> Jason Miles-Campbell JISC Legal Service Manager
  3. 3.
  4. 4. 0141 548 4939
  5. 5.</li></li></ul><li>
  6. 6. 10:00 – 10:15 Welcome and introduction<br />10:15 – 10:45 What You Need To Know About Copyright for OER<br />10:45 – 11:30 Getting to Know Creative Commons<br />11:30 – 12:00 Choosing a CC Licence – the Consequences<br />12:00 – 13:00 Lunch<br />13:00 – 15:00 Including Other People’s Stuff in Your OER<br />15:00 – 15:30 Tea/Coffee<br />15:30 – 15:45 Top Tips for Avoiding OER IPR Trouble<br />15:45 – 16:45 Case Studies<br />16:45 – 17:00 Final Questions and Discussion<br />
  7. 7. What time are you leaving?<br />The bitter end (5pm)<br />Nipping away a few minutes early<br />The 4pm train was cheaper<br />You’ll be lucky to see me after lunch<br />I should be at the shops by now<br />
  8. 8. What time are you leaving?<br />The bitter end (5pm)<br />Nipping away a few minutes early<br />The 4pm train was cheaper<br />You’ll be lucky to see me after lunch<br />I should be at the shops by now<br />
  9. 9. What You Need To Know About Copyright for OER<br />
  10. 10. When it comes to IPR...<br />I’m confident<br />I’ve a fair idea<br />I dabble<br />I ask others<br />I hide in the toilet<br />0<br />
  11. 11. Copyright in One Slide<br />Copyright controls copying and other ‘restricted acts’<br />You must own copyright, or have the permission of the copyright holder, in order to do the ‘restricted acts’<br />A few education-relevant exceptions<br />
  12. 12. Who Owns The Copyright?<br />The author / creator in general<br />The employer (s.11 CDPA 1988)<br />Commissioned materials: contractor has copyright unless otherwise stated<br />Assignment and licensing<br />
  13. 13. I Just Want Some Content<br />Use out-of-copyright material<br />Use ‘open’ licence copyright material(though be aware of conditions!)<br />Use copyright exceptions<br />Use blanket licence<br />
  14. 14. I Want THAT Content<br />Check it is in copyright<br />Consider whether an exception applies<br />Consider the use of a blanket licence<br />Obtain permission directly<br />Do not ignore copyright<br />
  15. 15. “<br />... the fact that our system of communication, teaching and entertainment does not grind to a standstill is in large part due to the fact that in most cases infringement of copyright has, historically, been ignored...<br />”<br />Mr Justice Laddie<br />
  16. 16. Top Tip 1<br />Facilitation, not Compliance<br />Copyright is good!<br />How to use other people’s stuff online<br />Confidence!<br />
  17. 17. Top Tip 2<br />Look in the Pantry!<br />Find out what you’ve got before you go shopping – you’ve got ingredients already!<br />Blanket licences<br />Open licences<br />
  18. 18. Top Tip 3<br />Let Users Deal Fairly<br />Where circumstances and purposes allow, let users do itfor themselves<br />
  19. 19. Top Tip 4<br />The Examination Creation<br />Exemption for examinations<br />Summativeassessment<br />
  20. 20. Licensed to Inspire<br />Top Tip 5<br />Licences are key<br />Licences set bounds<br />Blanket licences<br />Negotiating licences<br />
  21. 21. Top Tip 6<br />Spread the Licence Word<br />Find out what licences you hold<br />Understand whatthey allow<br />Tell your staff<br />JISC Legal resource<br />
  22. 22. As to use of licences we hold...<br />We’re on the ball<br />We have a passing knowledge<br />We muddle on, and keep our head down<br />We hope no-one notices<br />Don’t know<br />
  23. 23. Top Tip 7<br />Make Holdings Into Usings<br />Change of focus<br />Having isn’t enough<br />Understanding reusein the digital world<br />
  24. 24. Ask!<br />Top Tip 8<br />Seeking permission isn’t always tough<br />Prepare for “no”and silence<br />Consider acentral function<br />
  25. 25. Copyright on the Agenda<br />Top Tip 9<br />Efficient, effectivee-learning<br />Support andassistance<br />Clear ownership<br />
  26. 26. Born to Make You Happy<br />Top Tip 10<br />Sources of information and guidance<br />Who is it at your institution?<br />JISC Legal<br />Licence providers<br />Lots of help!<br />
  27. 27. Getting to KnowCreative Commons<br />
  28. 28. Creative Commons Licences 1<br />Just a licence, like any other<br />Standard terms<br />Familiarity<br />Legal status “debate”<br />Other licences are available...<br />
  29. 29. Creative Commons Licences 2<br />Irrevocable / Perpetual<br />Summary / Legal Code / Symbols<br />Elements / Components<br />Porting and Versions<br />When is a CC licence not a CC licence?<br />
  30. 30. Creative Commons Licences 3<br />
  31. 31. CC Licences Elements<br />BY – the attribution element<br />NC – the non-commercial qualification<br />ND – the non-derivative qualification<br />SA – the ShareAlike qualification<br />
  32. 32. BY – the Art of Attribution<br />Who needs to be attributed?<br />In what form do they have to be attributed?<br />What if it’s not practical to attribute?<br />The problem of ‘attribution stacking’<br />
  33. 33. NC – Cut the Commerce!<br />What does ‘non commercial’ mean?<br />Applies to the activity, not the organisation<br />Remedies for commercial ‘breach’<br />Control, not prohibition<br />
  34. 34. ND – Don’t Get Derivative<br />What is a derivative?<br />How much change can I make?<br />Collections<br />Control, not prohibition<br />
  35. 35. SA – ShareAlike<br />What is a derivative?<br />How much change can I make?<br />Collections<br />Control, not prohibition<br />
  36. 36. Interoperability and Blending<br />Tools at:<br /><br />Wizard 1: given materials, which CC licence can I use?<br />Wizard 2: given a CC licence, what can I include?<br />Open Government Licence (OGL) compatible with CC BY<br />
  37. 37. Some Scenarios for Discussion<br />Alphaville University decides it wishes to make its courseware available more openly to raise its profile and attract interest. It chooses a CC BY-NC-ND licence. A good choice?<br />
  38. 38. Some Scenarios for Discussion<br />Bucks Fizz College decides it wishes to develop and promote a community of business tutors collaboratively creating materials across the FE sector. It chooses a CC BY-NC-SA licence. A good choice?<br />
  39. 39. Choosing a CC Licence –the Consequences<br />
  40. 40. The Consequences of the Choice<br />Irrevocable<br />But relicensing possible<br />Choice of licence limits not only use,but what can be included<br />Nothing’s barred... but people don’t ask<br />
  41. 41. The Consequences of the Choice<br />CC-0<br />BY - attribution<br />NC – non-commercial restriction<br />ND – non-derivative restriction<br />SA – ShareAlike restriction<br />
  42. 42. Some Scenarios for Discussion<br />JISC Legal originally licensed its materials under a short, bespoke licence, allowing liberal use in the education context, but restricting commercial use and requiring permission for adaptation. It’s now moved to a CC BY licence. What were we thinking?!<br />
  43. 43. Some Scenarios for Discussion<br />The University of Jiscadvancia would like to share its materials more widely, but has reservations about rival institutions and commercial bodies benefitting from reuse of the materials. How would you advise them on the potential use of a CC licence?<br />
  44. 44. Including Other People’s Stuff in Your OER<br />
  45. 45. Understanding the CC Licences<br />Issue 1<br />A learning curve for projects, creators and rights holders<br />The “not quite CC” syndrome<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Education and changing perceptions
  46. 46. Understanding CC as permissions
  47. 47. Understanding CC compatibilities etc</li></li></ul><li>Which licence for you?<br />CC-0<br />CC BY<br />CC BY-SA<br />CC BY-ND<br />CC BY-NC<br />CC BY-NC-SA<br />CC BY-NC-ND<br />Various / non-CC<br />Don’t know<br />0<br />
  48. 48. The Patchwork Quilt<br />Issue 2<br />A world of rich content and bright lights... often means many licences<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Accepting limitations
  49. 49. Changing approach to development
  50. 50. Encouraging open, simple licensing</li></li></ul><li>What’s the expected audience?<br />UK local/regional<br />UK national<br />European<br />English-speaking global<br />Global<br />Very varied<br />Don’t know<br />0<br />
  51. 51. Any Storm in a Port?<br />Issue 3<br />Ported v unported licences<br />Over focus on jurisdiction<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Recognising the audience
  52. 52. Improved understanding of CC</li></li></ul><li>What’s Your Attitude to IPR?<br />Anarchist<br />Boundaries need pushed<br />Pragmatic, not pedantic<br />Conservative & cautious<br />Strongly risk averse<br />Not sure<br />:00<br />
  53. 53. Let’s Get Risqué!<br />Issue 4<br />Altruism, anarchy, openness, transparency, copyright = copywrong<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Recognition of IPR risk in OER
  54. 54. A low risk threshold?
  55. 55. Champion risk-free resources</li></li></ul><li>Institutional attitude to OER <br />0<br />Seconds<br />Remaining<br />Strong buy-in at all levels<br />Staff buy-in, but senior management untested<br />Project is testing the waters<br />Some institutional barriers<br />Not sure (yet!)<br />
  56. 56. Yours, Mine, and Minefields<br />Issue 5<br />Ownership of IPR in academic work<br />Denial, and sensitivities<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Senior management buy-in
  57. 57. Staff and student buy-in
  58. 58. A diplomatic approach to OER</li></li></ul><li>How much third party content?<br />The vast majority<br />Lots<br />Some<br />A little<br />None<br />Large variations<br />Don’t know<br />0<br />
  59. 59. Asking the World...<br />Issue 6<br />Getting third party permissions<br />The world isn’t changing fast enough<br />Solution<br /><ul><li>Getting buy-in (not just legal)
  60. 60. Accept limits / alter current approach
  61. 61. Wait</li></li></ul><li>Including Other People’s Stuff <br />Don’t ignore the issue<br />Get permission<br />Create an original replacement<br />Link or refer to the third party material<br />Include, with a warning as to licence limits<br />
  62. 62. Use of Licences & Statutory Exceptions<br />Limited<br />Blanket licences do not allow inclusion<br />Few commercial licences allow inclusion<br />Fair dealing for research<br />Fair dealing for criticism/review<br />
  63. 63. Scenario – Using Audio<br />The modern languages department at the University of Central Scotland have recorded several ‘vodcasts’ and wish to add some music to make them more interesting, before making them available as OERs. How would you advise?<br />
  64. 64. Scenario – Using Video<br />A consortium of institutions wish to devise a sociology OER dealing with domestic violence issues, using a selection of clips from television and films as material for discussion. How would you advise them?<br />
  65. 65. Audit Trail<br />Lack of formalities<br />Evidence of permission depends on risk<br />Find the right balance– not easy<br />Exercise reasonable scepticism over the right to grant permission<br />
  66. 66. Appraising the Approaches<br />Getting permission<br />Including under a separate licence or exception<br />Linking or referencing<br />Recreating<br />
  67. 67. Top Tips for AvoidingOER IPR Trouble<br />
  68. 68. OER Without (Legal) Tears<br />Copyright isn’t going to change much – live with that, and accept the legal reality<br />Be mindful of tensions and sensitivities – CC involves giving something away, forever<br />Avoid of complex licensing – it’s easy for things to get out of hand. “Link and split”!<br />
  69. 69. OER Without (Legal) Tears<br />Focus on using what’s available, rather than what you can’t have (easily)<br />Promote change in the creative world – many people do want to share, but the legal default is set otherwise<br />Get clarity as to ownership of copyright works, before they are created<br />
  70. 70. OER Without (Legal) Tears<br />Help out users – define your terms such as attribution and commercial use<br />Use and contribute CC licensed material to repositories, databases and collections<br />Move copyright up the agenda. The potential benefits (and savings) are huge.<br />
  71. 71. OER Without (Legal) Tears<br />Use the support that’s available. You don’t need to do it on your own.<br />
  72. 72. Sources of Support<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  73. 73. Sources of Support<br />’s collective licensing organisation<br /> UK Government-backed home of intellectual property on the Internet<br />
  74. 74. Case Studies<br />
  75. 75. The Ethnography Project<br />Several universities are funded to work together in order to bring together a range of artefacts, recordings, photographs, and artwork in a repository for use by the participating institutions, and for general use by the public. What are the CC considerations?<br />
  76. 76. Final Questionsand Discussion<br />
  77. 77. ?<br />Any Questions?<br />