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David De Roure
The Wider Environment of
Open Scholarship – Looking Ahead
A revolutionary idea…
Open Science!
rstl.royalsocietypublishing.org
Overview
1. Shifts in scholarship
2. End of the article
3. Future of the article
4. Scholarly Social Machines
The Big Picture
More people
Moremachines
Big Data
Big Compute
Conventional
Computation
“Big Social”
Social Networks
e-infr...
Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and
Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep ...
ChristineBorgman
Pip Willcox
@marstonbikepath
Datasets or dataflows?
F i r s t
theODI.org
New Social Process
http://www.theguardian.com/uk/series/reading-the-riots
www.zooniverse.org
Scientists
Talk
Forum
Image
Classification
data reduction
Citizen Scientists
Community
Software
Supercomputer
Digital Music
Collections
Student-sourced
ground truth
Community
Software
Linked Data
Rep...
Pip Willcox
FUSING AUDIO
AND SEMANTIC
TECHNOLOGIES for
INTELLIGENT
MUSIC
PRODUCTION AND
CONSUMPTION
Interdisciplinary and “in the wild”
In it not on it Pull not Push
http://www.scilogs.com/eresearch/pages-of-history/ David De Roure
1. It was no longer possible to include the
evidence in the paper – container failure!
“A PDF exploded
today when a
scient...
2. It was no longer possible to reconstruct a
scientific experiment based on a paper alone
4. Research records needed to be readable by
computer to support automation and curation
A computationally-enabled
sense-m...
5. Single authorship gave way to casts of
thousands
8. Research funders frustrated by inefficiencies
in scholarly communication
An investment is only worthwhile if
• Outputs ...
data
method
script
program
workflow
model
protocol
…
NeilChueHong
Open Source Software as a
model for Open
Scholarship?
Research Objects
Computational
Research Objects
The Evolution of myExperiment
Workflows
Packs
OAI
ORE
W3CPROV
Social Objec...
Notifications and automatic re-runs
Machines are users too
Autonomic
Curation
Self-repair
New research?
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stacks_in_Michigan_State_University_library.JPG
Executable Documents
Knuth, Literat...
The R Dimensions
Research Objects facilitate research that is
reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable,
referenceabl...
Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social
constraint – the very processes from which society
arises. Computers ...
SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
...
Scholarly
Machines
EcosystemDavid De Roure, JCDL 2013
Richard O’Bierne
“Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to “compile the sum of all
human knowledge” are in trouble. The volunteer workforce...
A computationally-
enabled sense-making
network of expertise,
data, software,
models and narratives
Iain Buchan
1. Shifts in scholarship
– A “turn” or ongoing transformation?
2. End of the article
– Don’t retrofit digital, think post-...
Thanks to Richard O’Bierne, Christine Borgman, Iain Buchan,
Neil Chue Hong, Carole Goble, Chris Lintott, Nigel Shadbolt,
P...
www.oerc.ox.ac.uk
david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk
@dder
The wider environment of open scholarship – Jisc and CNI conference 10 July 2014
The wider environment of open scholarship – Jisc and CNI conference 10 July 2014
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The wider environment of open scholarship – Jisc and CNI conference 10 July 2014

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Professor David de Roure, professor of e-research, Oxford e-research centre

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The wider environment of open scholarship – Jisc and CNI conference 10 July 2014

  1. 1. David De Roure The Wider Environment of Open Scholarship – Looking Ahead
  2. 2. A revolutionary idea… Open Science! rstl.royalsocietypublishing.org
  3. 3. Overview 1. Shifts in scholarship 2. End of the article 3. Future of the article 4. Scholarly Social Machines
  4. 4. The Big Picture More people Moremachines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation “Big Social” Social Networks e-infrastructure Online R&D (Science 2.0) Social Machines @dder
  5. 5. Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep Blue. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/97552
  6. 6. ChristineBorgman
  7. 7. Pip Willcox @marstonbikepath Datasets or dataflows?
  8. 8. F i r s t
  9. 9. theODI.org
  10. 10. New Social Process http://www.theguardian.com/uk/series/reading-the-riots
  11. 11. www.zooniverse.org
  12. 12. Scientists Talk Forum Image Classification data reduction Citizen Scientists
  13. 13. Community Software Supercomputer Digital Music Collections Student-sourced ground truth Community Software Linked Data Repositories Supercomputer 23,000 hours of recorded music Music Information Retrieval Community SALAMI
  14. 14. Pip Willcox
  15. 15. FUSING AUDIO AND SEMANTIC TECHNOLOGIES for INTELLIGENT MUSIC PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
  16. 16. Interdisciplinary and “in the wild” In it not on it Pull not Push
  17. 17. http://www.scilogs.com/eresearch/pages-of-history/ David De Roure
  18. 18. 1. It was no longer possible to include the evidence in the paper – container failure! “A PDF exploded today when a scientist tried to paste in the twitter firehose…”
  19. 19. 2. It was no longer possible to reconstruct a scientific experiment based on a paper alone
  20. 20. 4. Research records needed to be readable by computer to support automation and curation A computationally-enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, models and narratives.
  21. 21. 5. Single authorship gave way to casts of thousands
  22. 22. 8. Research funders frustrated by inefficiencies in scholarly communication An investment is only worthwhile if • Outputs are discoverable • Outputs are reusable …and preferably outputs accrue value through use Using an obsolete scholarly communication system impedes innovation and hence return on investment What are we doing about it? Trying to fix it using an obsolete scholarly communication system!
  23. 23. data method script program workflow model protocol …
  24. 24. NeilChueHong Open Source Software as a model for Open Scholarship?
  25. 25. Research Objects Computational Research Objects The Evolution of myExperiment Workflows Packs OAI ORE W3CPROV Social Objects
  26. 26. Notifications and automatic re-runs Machines are users too Autonomic Curation Self-repair New research?
  27. 27. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stacks_in_Michigan_State_University_library.JPG Executable Documents Knuth, Literate Programming
  28. 28. The R Dimensions Research Objects facilitate research that is reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable, referenceable, retrievable, reviewable, replayable, re-interpretable, reprocessable, recomposable, reconstructable, repurposable, reliable, respectful, reputable, revealable, recoverable, restorable, reparable, refreshable?” @dder 14 April 2014 sci method access understand new use social curation Research Object Principles
  29. 29. Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint – the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration... The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. The ability to create new forms of social process would be given to the world at large, and development would be rapid. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 (pp. 172–175) Social Machines
  30. 30. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See sociam.org
  31. 31. Scholarly Machines EcosystemDavid De Roure, JCDL 2013
  32. 32. Richard O’Bierne
  33. 33. “Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to “compile the sum of all human knowledge” are in trouble. The volunteer workforce that built the project’s flagship, the English-language Wikipedia—and must defend it against vandalism, hoaxes, and manipulation— has shrunk by more than a third since 2007 and is still shrinking… The main source of those problems is not mysterious. The loose collective running the site today, estimated to be 90 percent male, operates a crushing bureaucracy with an often abrasive atmosphere that deters newcomers who might increase participation in Wikipedia and broaden its coverage…” http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/520446/the-decline-of-wikipedia/
  34. 34. A computationally- enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, software, models and narratives Iain Buchan
  35. 35. 1. Shifts in scholarship – A “turn” or ongoing transformation? 2. End of the article – Don’t retrofit digital, think post-digital 3. Future of the article – Social Objects in a sensemaking network of humans and machines – Evolution or the other side of the road? – Affordances of digital 4. Social Machines – Humans in the loop, empowered – You are designers of scholarly social machines
  36. 36. Thanks to Richard O’Bierne, Christine Borgman, Iain Buchan, Neil Chue Hong, Carole Goble, Chris Lintott, Nigel Shadbolt, Pip Willcox, Jun Zhao; FORCE11, myExperiment, Software Sustainability Institute, wf4ever, SOCIAM; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, JISC, EPSRC, ESRC, AHRC. david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk www.oerc.ox.ac.uk/people/dder @dder www.oerc.ox.ac.uk www.force11.org www.researchobject.org www.software.ac.uk sociam.org
  37. 37. www.oerc.ox.ac.uk david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk @dder

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