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Reviewing the OA landscape - Bill Hubbard and Helen Blanchett

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Part of Jisc's open access summer series of community events in 2018.

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Reviewing the OA landscape - Bill Hubbard and Helen Blanchett

  1. 1. Reviewing the OA landscape Helen Blanchett / Bill Hubbard Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 1Photo by “Scott Wylie” CC-BY
  2. 2. The view Interoperability Research workflows Vendor lock in 8/1/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 2 REF Funder reviews OA monographs Negotiations Boycotts Funder platforms Compliance driven Reward & incentives Metrics Open science Reproducibility Pre prints Systems & processes Costs Staff & skills Licensing & ownership Culture Policy Institutions Publishing Systems Research
  3. 3. Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 3 It can all get a bit tangled . . . Photo by “DCDC2011” CC-BY
  4. 4. Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 4 So lets look from higher up Photo by “Andrew” CC-BY
  5. 5. The Budapest Open Access Initiative » An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good.The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge.The new technology is the internet.The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge. February 14, 2002 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018
  6. 6. The Definition of Open Access »For various reasons, this kind of free and unrestricted online availability, which we will call open access, . . . » By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018
  7. 7. Are we nearly there yet? »Use Budapest as a touch stone - are we getting closer to Open Access than we were 10 years ago? » . . . than 5 years ago? ». . . than a year ago? ». . . than 6 months ago?
  8. 8. Some straws in the wind »80% of outputs are aligned with REF policy »CORE › world’s largest aggregator - full text dataset has reached 49TB › 131 million article metadata records › 93 million abstracts › 11 million hosted and validated full texts and over 78 million direct links to research papers hosted on other websites »Elsevier describes itself as an “information analytics business ” Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018
  9. 9. Yes, but . . . »Yes, still policy driven - but without policies in favour, Open Access adoption hovered at ~15% »Overwhelming majority of researchers in favour of OA concept »Uptake throttled by set working habits, esteem indicators, reward mechanisms »Cultural change requires strong agents - money, esteem, . . . time Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018
  10. 10. So . . . »Yes - there are tangled, knotty problems »But prepare for the OA future which is growing around you »Work to comply with policies and use the REF to gain traction for change . . . » . . . but keep the idea of OA apart from compliance; keep stressing the benefits of OA, push the debate about journal “brands” and esteem indicators, engage senior levels of academics and managers in the debate and keep them informed Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 10
  11. 11. Because, yes - the top is in sight and we are almost there . . . Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 11Photo by “AnBen Robinsondrew” CC-BY
  12. 12. Key reports and reviews »Monitoring the transition to open access, UUK report, Dec 2017 »Monitoring sector progress towards compliance with funder open access policies, June 2018, HEFCE, RCUK, Jisc,Wellcome. Published by Research England »UK progress towards the use of metrics responsibly, UUK report July 2018 »REF guidance released »UUK OA Coordination Group reports released »UKRI andWellcome both reviewing their OA policies this year 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 12
  13. 13. Research England / Jisc / Wellcome survey » Survey circulated to institutionsAugust 2017 to be completed by end Sept 2017 » Aim - to further understand how far the sector is meeting the funders’ open access policies and the tools that are being used to do so » Sought to understand how the success in increasing OA outputs is being operationalised, noting difficulties » Complements UUK ‘Monitoring the transition to OA’ report » UKRI and Wellcome have since announced OA reviews 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 13
  14. 14. Scope and content »Publications that fell within scope of the REF 2021, COAF and RCUK policies from 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017 »Only articles and conference proceedings »Seven themes: › Approaches to open access software solutions (Q3-7) › The policy for open access in Research Excellence Framework 2021 (Q8-17) › Recording exceptions to the Policy for open access in REF 2021 (Q18-25) › The RCUK and COAF open access policies (Q26-29) › Publication metadata (Q30-36) › Costs of open access – staffing (Q37-38) 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 14
  15. 15. General findings »113 institutions responded (68%) »Survey data – some questions needed greater clarity so interpretation difficult › Double counting of RCUK/COAF › Licensing »Significant progress towards OA, but systems to support this are ‘largely manual, resource-intensive processes’ 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 15
  16. 16. Outputs in scope for REF 01/08/2018 The majority of institutions estimated they know of about 80% of outputs Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 16
  17. 17. Tools to track APCs 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 17
  18. 18. Tools used to identify in-scope publications 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 18
  19. 19. Jisc services »Router Used by 13 % of HEIs but 57% indicated that they plan to use it in future Respondents repeatedly recommended that publishers engaged with this service »Sherpa › 93% used Sherpa Romeo › The “complex nuances of funder policy” as well the variety of publishers’ embargo periods caused institutions to extensively cross-check the results of REF ComplianceChecker (particularly) and other compliance tools manually. » RIOXX › Used by 57 institutions. 63% of the 52 institutions not using said it was due to incompatibility with CRIS or repository 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 19
  20. 20. Conclusions »Significant progress towards OA, but systems to support this are ‘largely manual, resource-intensive processes’ »Over 80% of outputs met REF requirements › 61% plus 20% exception »Some institutions only meeting policy requirement for those publications expected to submit for REF – culture and systemic shift towards openness has not happened »RCUK & COAF fund approx. 2/3 GoldAPCs »Variations in compliance levels, but this doesn’t necessarily relate to levels of research intensity 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 20
  21. 21. Conclusions »Efficiencies needed (depositing AAMs, tracking APCs and monitoring RCUK green OA) »Particularly licence compatibilities with RCUK’s self-archiving policy »A need to standardise funders’ licensing policies to ease administrative burden »Greater workflow efficiencies between institutions and publishers (Router mentioned) »Encourage uptake of RIOXX 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 21
  22. 22. Other views »Danny Kingsley “The institutions have spoken” https://re.ukri.org/blog/danny-kingsley/the-institutions-have-spoken/ › 71% of HEIs reported that AAMs are deposited by professional service staff › 335 staff at 1.0 FTE recorded as ‘directly engaged in supporting and implementing OA at their institution’ › Institutions focussing on outputs likely to be chosen for the REF – ‘ideology meets pragmatism’ › “What we are not measuring, or even discussing, is the reason why we are doing this.” 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 22
  23. 23. REF2021 draft guidelines and panel criteria » Another consultation (but not on OA policy specifically, just clarity) – feedback by October 2018 » OA relevant parts – › Paragraphs 107-116 REF2021 Open Access policy intent › Paragraphs 213-245 REF 2021 OA policy guidance » Selected points › uthors and institutions should feel comfortable acting on the information provided by SHERPA › A 5% tolerance of non-compliance › Institutions may submit pre-prints as eligible outputs to REF 2021 › “No sub-panel will use journal impact factors or any hierarchy of journals in their assessment of outputs. No output will be privileged or disadvantaged on the basis of the publisher, where it is published or the medium of its publication”. › ORCID IDs should be submitted for each researcher, where held » David Kernohan’s Wonkhe blog post: wonkhe.com/blogs/what-we-now-know-about-ref2021/ 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 23
  24. 24. UUK OA Coordination Group »July 2018 – reports on efficiencies, repositories, OA monographs; recommendations on Gold OA › Repositories and efficiencies – Strong support for Sherpa, Router, ORCID – Identifiers, metadata, standards – Skills and UX/UI design raised › Monographs – OA books accessed more, global trend, innovative publishing routes – Issues around costs, discoverability, third party rights 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 24
  25. 25. Your thoughts? »What are the key issues that concern you? »What are the issues of concern at your institution? »What feedback or questions do you have for Research England / UKRI? 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 25Image: Alan Levine https://flic.kr/p/bUhKPg
  26. 26. Posters Research data shared service RDM toolkit 01/08/2018 Jisc OA Summer Series Community Event, 2018 26 https://rdmtoolkit.jisc.ac.uk/ www.jisc.ac.uk/rd/projects/ research-data-shared-service Contact:Tamsin.Burland@jisc.ac.uk

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