Paul Jeffreys - Research Integrity: Institutional Responsibility


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  • Hear from OxfordOur request…Will aim to show you some areas where progress being made…First part of the talk discuss lots of components of research data integrity, then attempt to pull these together in the second part…
  • Found from extensive set of consultationsResearcher, research student
  • This summer looked at ‘Digital Services’Services provided by various parts of the University in support of research
  • Today’s workshop is the latest in a series we have held in Oxford, starting more than 2 years ago.The most recent last month, hosted with the DCC, was a sell-out and was a course on general research data management
  • Most analyses of data integrity are science biasedLarge part of research cycle covered here…
  • A few words on the overall current context here in Oxford: From bottom -> scoping exercise for repository services laid the groundwork, we have 5JISC funded projects complement each other very well, UKRDS activities delivery of this work is Multi-agency; academic divisions; then existing services brought together in a new way… -Experience has shown this is right; require set of skills and competencies across the agencies Overseen by RC, in essence the home for the activity, PICT (IT perspective), most importantly RIMSC
  • We needed some form of supporting statement from the University.Endorsed by PICTDates from more than a year ago…
  • Paul Jeffreys - Research Integrity: Institutional Responsibility

    1. 1. Research Integrity Conference<br />Strand B: Institutional Responsibility<br />Professor Paul Jeffreys, Director of IT, University of Oxford<br />Wellcome Collection Conference Centre, 13 September 2011<br />
    2. 2. Institutional Responsibility<br />“We will hear from two major research-intensive institutions about the actions they are taking to meet their responsibilities towards research data management and address some of the challenges raised during the morning. Topics to be covered include developing a strategy and vision, securing 'buy-in' from senior management and researchers, and some practical steps to implement the vision.”<br />‘… are taking …’<br />would not claim to have more than started the journey in Oxford…<br />Start the presentation with an example (thanks to James Wilson)<br />We are delivering a new SaaS for Oxford and for HE<br />Database as a Service – dial up database creation for researchers<br /><br />In response to clear requirement from researchers (see later)<br />
    3. 3. Sharing research data (1)<br />3<br />But it doesn’t makes much sense to me<br />Looks like there is some interesting data behind this<br />
    4. 4. Sharing research data (2)<br />4<br />Nice data –I can use this!<br />Oh.<br />
    5. 5. How the DaaS works<br />5<br />I can access and cite good research data<br />I can find and re-use data other people have been gathering<br />We can easily add & edit data and open it up to collaborators or the public<br />
    6. 6. Database-as-a-Service<br />Part of University Modernisation Funded project – VIDaaS<br />DaaSoffered within Oxford, in your University, or on HE cloud (UMF)<br />Managed, resilient, cost effective, shared, accessible, easy to combine…<br />Databases will enter University-wide data catalogue with associated meta-data<br />But wait a minute…<br />Not a full solution<br />For how long do we guarantee the service?<br />Is it long term data curation?<br />Although free initially in Oxford, we will have to charge -what happens for research which is not funded, and after funded projects complete?<br />… and same questions for use of DaaS on HE cloud<br />-> DaaS needs to exist within an overall framework and set of policies<br />
    7. 7. ‘Digital Services’<br />In summer 2011, held workshop to look at range of Digital Services offered to support research<br />Researchers, support staff, administrators<br />Listed all the ‘digital services’; subdivided into:<br />Services to support collaboration<br />Services to support research bids<br />Services to support dissemination, reporting and engagement<br />Data management services (includes data storage, archiving, data security)<br />Training services<br />Attempted to capture a generic University of Oxford research cycle<br />Added the digital services<br />Probably very little of this specific to Oxford<br />
    8. 8. THE RESEARCH CYCLE<br />1<br />PRE-PROPOSAL<br />2<br /><ul><li>concept
    9. 9. meet colleagues
    10. 10. background research
    11. 11. discuss</li></ul>DETAILED DRAFT PROPOSAL<br />+ RSO<br />FOLLOW-ON PROJECT/ EXTENSION FUNDING<br />If not a funded project . . .<br />Referees: department research committee<br />7<br />Re-draft<br />Sign-off from department/ college/ division & RSO<br />3<br />6<br />EXIT/POST-<br />PROJECT<br />SUBMIT<br />Dissemination can continue post-project, e.g. monitoring of impact<br />DISSEMINATION<br />AWARDED<br />5<br />Many support services provided locally<br />PROJECT<br />4<br />
    12. 12. THE RESEARCH CYCLE<br />1<br /><ul><li>consider University policies
    13. 13. consider ethics approval
    14. 14. data management plan
    15. 15. fit with funder’s criteria
    16. 16. meetings (online)
    17. 17. finances/resources
    18. 18. costing in Resolve
    19. 19. permissions
    20. 20. manage progress of applications
    21. 21. sharing
    22. 22. versioning</li></ul>PRE-PROPOSAL<br />2<br /><ul><li>concept
    23. 23. meet colleagues
    24. 24. background research
    25. 25. discuss</li></ul>DETAILED DRAFT PROPOSAL<br />+ RSO<br />FOLLOW-ON PROJECT/ EXTENSION FUNDING<br />If not a funded project . . .<br />Referees: department research committee<br />7<br />Re-draft<br />Sign-off from department/ college/ division & RSO<br />Project disappears?<br />Long-term report/reflection<br />Ensure long-term access to data<br />3<br />6<br />EXIT/POST-<br />PROJECT<br /><ul><li>ORA
    26. 26. Databank
    27. 27. Local to department
    28. 28. plan research activity
    29. 29. attract research participants
    30. 30. meetings
    31. 31. data management plan</li></ul>archive data <br />DOI links<br />share data<br />publications<br />final report<br />SUBMIT<br />Dissemination can continue post-project, e.g. monitoring of impact<br />DISSEMINATION<br />AWARDED<br />5<br />Many support services provided locally<br />4<br />PROJECT<br />create/maintain community<br />HR, Finance, contracts, collaborator agreements<br />ethics approval<br />fieldwork risk assessment<br />maintain compliance<br />manage/monitor project<br />website creation<br />training<br />undertake research<br />bibliographic research<br />provide computing infrastructure<br />collect & manage data (raw & processed)<br />software licences<br />alerts<br />meet<br />embed long-term access<br />conference papers<br />reporting - internal<br />publish<br />organise conferences/workshops<br />reporting - external<br />
    32. 32. Digital Services – many, varied, coordinated?<br />Impressive number of Digital Services to support research, developed to meet need, delivered both centrally and locally<br />But how good are these in the context of Strand B today?<br />Questions:<br />Framework?<br />Coordinated?<br />Fit-for-purpose?<br />Easily accessible to researchers?<br />Have buy-in from researchers?<br />Sustainable?<br />Beginning to try to coordinate…<br />
    33. 33. Research Data Management ‘portal’<br />
    34. 34. University Staff Gateway<br />
    35. 35. Research Support<br />
    36. 36. Research Support: Costing and Pricing<br />
    37. 37. Oxford: Research and Libraries<br />
    38. 38. Digital Humanities @ Oxford<br />
    39. 39. Oxford e-Research Centre<br />
    40. 40. OUCS: Research Skills Toolkit<br />
    41. 41. RDM: Data Management Planning Checklist<br />
    42. 42. Workshops on Research Data Management<br />Ongoing series at Oxford:<br />14.09.2011 - DCC Roadshow<br />22.07.2010 - Data Management Training for the Humanities<br />16.06.2010 - Digital Curation 101 Lite: How to Manage Research Data<br />29.03.2010 - Institutional Policy and Guidance for Research Data<br />14.10.2009 - Data Curation: from lab to reuse<br />09.06.2009 - DAF Review Workshop - The application of the data audit <br /> framework (DAF) within DataShare at Oxford<br />03.06.2009 - The Data Imperative Workshop<br />13.06.2008 - Scoping Digital Repository Services for Research Data Management<br />Training extremely important<br />
    43. 43. Let’s stop a moment and take stock<br />The title of this conference is ‘Research Integrity’<br />our strand is ‘Institutional Responsibility’<br />An interpretation:<br />Integrity of research depends on the integrity of the data<br />Integrity of the data is a shared responsibility among all members of the research team, and ..<br />The institution must deliver a system within which integrity of data can be ensured<br />Research datarefers to: information collected, stored and processed in a systematic manner to meet the objectives of research<br />Often considered more in context of science and social science…<br />Data Integrity forms large part of Research Integrity<br />
    44. 44. Unpack Data Integrity<br />Selection: <br />Determination of appropriate data type, source and instruments that allow investigators to adequately answer research questions<br />Collection: <br />Process of gathering and measuring information in an established systematic fashion that makes it possible to answer research qs, test hypotheses, ..<br />Handling: <br />Processes to ensure research data is stored, archived, disposed in a safe and secure manner, during and after research project<br />Analysis: <br />Process of systematically applying techniques to describe and illustrate, recap and condense, and evaluate data<br />Reporting and publication: preparing and disseminated research findings<br />Ownership: possession of, and responsibility for, information<br />
    45. 45. University of Oxford<br />Scale and importance of task to ensure Research Integrity recognised<br />Coordination of Digital Services important part<br />Steps being taken to meet institutional responsibilities<br />Framework and policies for Research Integrity required<br />Many components in place, and being developed, coordination required<br />
    46. 46. University of Oxford Context<br />Strategy and Policy<br />PRAC ICT<br />RIMSC<br />Research Committee<br />Researcher and Services<br />Computing Services<br />Academic Divisions<br />Library Services<br />Research Services<br />Strategic projects<br />UK RDS<br />ADMIRAL<br />Scoping Digital Repository Services<br />VIDaaS<br />EIDCSR<br />SUDAMIH<br />DataFlow<br />
    47. 47. University Statement – Research Data<br />‘The University of Oxford is committed to supporting researchers in appropriate curation and preservation of their research data, and where applicable in accordance with the research funders’ requirements. It recognises that this must be achieved through the deployment of a federated institutional data repository. This repository has to be supported by a suitable business model, and where possible funded through full economic cost recovery, so that the University can guarantee that the data deposited there will be managed over the long term. The data repository will be a cross-agency activity developed and supported by a number of departments within the University and will build, as far as possible, on existing services, including the Oxford University Research Archive (ORA). It will be overseen by a Steering Group which reports to the University Research Committee. The management and curation of research data will be addressed in cooperation with specialist agencies, research funders and other institutions in the UK and internationally.’<br />
    48. 48. Current areas of institutional focus<br />New sub-committee of University Research Committee<br />Oversight of research data (as opposed to information management)<br />Develop policies similar to Edinburgh’s Embryonic Data Policy<br />Address funding, funding, funding<br />Information Security policies<br />Defining new range of policies to ensure Secure Information<br />Policies to be endorsed by Council in MT -> new regime for Oxford<br />University Shared Data Centre<br />SLD includes building security and data security<br />Gateway to HE cloud<br />Creation of catalogue of University data<br />JISC project funded last week, DoMaRO, searchable catalogue<br />Business models for data management services<br />Through project and beyond, on-site and cloud<br />
    49. 49. Conclusions<br />Like many other universities, Oxford has started the journey<br />Aiming to ensure Research Integrity and Data Integrity<br />Strategically important for University<br />Much to learn from each other universities and at workshops<br />Thank You<br />