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Closing plenary - John Wilkin and David Maguire

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Infrastructure for US research and scholarship

Speaker: John Wilkin, dean of libraries and university librarian at the University of Illinois, previous executive director, HathiTrust.

Efficient infrastructure for UK research

Speaker: David Maguire, vice-chancellor of the University of Greenwich and chair of Jisc.

Jisc and CNI conference, 6 July 2016

Published in: Education
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Closing plenary - John Wilkin and David Maguire

  1. 1. Closing plenary JohnWilkin, Dean of libraries and university librarian at University of Illinois David Maguire,Vice-chancellor University of Greenwich and Chair of Jisc 06/07/2016
  2. 2. Infrastructure for research and collaboration in the United States JohnWilkin, Dean of libraries and university librarian at University of Illinois 14/07/2016
  3. 3. Radical Scatter: Infrastructure for research and collaboration in the United States
  4. 4. DuraSpace registry repositories US UK Fedora, Dspace and VIVO 1046 102 DSpace 798 71 Fedora 148 27 Dspace (Academic) 194 53 Fedora (Academic) 81 19 4
  5. 5. 5 united states 42% australia 10% united kingdom 10% lithuania 8% canada 7% spain 3% netherlands 2% switzerland 2% belgium 2% germany 2% ireland 2% austria 1% greece 1% italy 1% new zealand 1% sweden 1% bosnia and herzegovina 1% colombia 1% denmark 1% korea 1% malaysia 1% norway 1% peru 1% russia 1% serbia 1% ukraine 1% Fedora sites registered united states australia united kingdom lithuania canada spain netherlands switzerland belgium germany ireland austria greece italy new zealand
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Tenopir et al. “Research Data Services in Academic Libraries …” 8
  9. 9. HathiTrust 9
  10. 10. HathiTrust cost model • Based on overlap of print collections with HathiTrust digital collections – Share in infrastructure costs for public domain volumes: (PD*C*X)/N – Share in infrastructure costs for in copyright volumes based on holdings • For a given incopyright volume: IC=(C*X)/H 10
  11. 11. HathiTrust • 14.5 million digital volumes • UIUC has deposited > 500,000 digital volumes • Nearly half of UIUC’s 14m print volumes represented by digital surrogates • Preservation services that give continuous attention to fixity and format migration; geographically disparate replication; rich preservation metadata • 5.6m public domain volumes • Tens of thousands of volumes opened by rights holders • Copyright determinations made on 300,000 US books published between 1923-1963, opening > 50% of them • A cost of ~$35,000/year for UIUC 11
  12. 12. SHARE Notify 12
  13. 13. Digital Preservation Network (DPN) evolution • Originally – “future cost avoidance” and “realign[ing] current investments” – focused on “marquee data sets and content” – “lower costs across the research community through economies of scale” to preserve the scholarly record; “primarily about: scaling and rationalization; cost reduction for preservation…; dependability; regaining control and costs of publishing; and enabling future scholarship.” • Now: – knitting together “distributed efforts [to] increase the benefit and success of projects and organizations that carry risk as they are only partial solutions to the long-term preservation challenge.” 13
  14. 14. DPN Vision • The future is uncertain. Academic institutions require that key aspects of their scholarly histories, heritage and research remain part of the record of human endeavor in spite of, or perhaps because of, whatever will happen next. As an emblematic part of institutional identity, the potential loss of core online academic collections that are part of what an institution means could be catastrophic. Oral history collections, born digital artworks, historic journals, theses, dissertations, media and fragile digitizations of ancient documents and antiquities are examples of irreplaceable resources. What happens if a strategic institutional collection is lost? Will a critical building block of knowledge be lost forever? It is essential for scholars of the future that action is taken now to protect digital assets that are at risk of loss. 14
  15. 15. DPN diagram 15
  16. 16. DPN Costs • As a part of DPN membership members may deposit 5TB of digital content for no extra cost. Additional TB may be purchased if desired. This content will be replicated so that there are three copies of the content in the system in various locations around the country. The DPN nodes utilize community approved best practices and the system is designed so that the content is checked for fixity (and repaired should problems be detected) at least once every two years. DPN members can be confident that content in the system is well protected for the long term. 16
  17. 17. Unizin 17
  18. 18. Conclusion • US infrastructure for research and collaboration is primarily at the local or institutional level • Most “shared” efforts add to rather than substitute function and cost • “Efficiency” and “cost savings” are insufficient as incentives • Affordability is a key factor 18
  19. 19. Efficient Information Infrastructure for UK Research Professor David Maguire,Vice-chancellor, University of Greenwich, and Chair of Jisc 06/07/2016
  20. 20. Agenda »Introduction › UK research › Jisc and research data › Current infrastructure »REF »NRII › Architecture options › International examples »Conclusions 14/07/2016 A record to be analysed interoperable Shared
  21. 21. UK Research Base: Strong and Efficient 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 46 UK Research 3.2% Global R&D expenditure 9.5% Downloads 11.6% Citations 15.9% Highly cited articles
  22. 22. Jisc and Research Management 14/07/2016
  23. 23. Research Data Shared Service 48
  24. 24. Recent Research Policy Developments »Open Access (Finch,Tickell) »Metrics (Wilsd0n) »Research Councils (Nurse) »REF Review (Stern) »Higher Education and Research Bill 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 49
  25. 25. Research Excellence Framework 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 50 » RAE/REF from 1986 » Goal › Assess quality › Distribute funding » Assessment areas › Outputs › Environment › Impact » REF2014 cost £246m » REF2020 planning (Stern Review)
  26. 26. The REF Information Challenge »Expensive to collect, manage and analyse the massive amounts of information in each assessment »Limited re-use of the information that already exists »Duplication of effort collecting and formatting the same information multiple times »Difficult to analyse information and compare results because of lack of standards and access to tools »Challenge to build clear picture of the state of national research strengths and define priorities 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 51
  27. 27. Patchwork of Provision 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 53 University Current Research Information Systems Output Repositories (HEIs, Jisc Core) Research Council Information Systems (GtR, ResearchFish) Specific-purpose Systems: Equipment, People, Expertise REF Results ??
  28. 28. How Efficient is the UK's Research Infrastructure? » Network of 140 digital repositories » Disciplinary data centres and repositories eg Nerc DC, Euro PubMed » Research data infrastructure eg Jisc research data shared service (RDSS) » OA infrastructure eg CORE, Jisc Monitor » RCUK Gateway to Research » Janet network » High-performance computing eg Archer, JASMIN » AlanTuring Institute » Research equipment eg equipment.data 14/07/2016 54 Image courtesy of RCUK
  29. 29. University of Greenwich 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 55 GALA Repository (ePrints) Biblio (Scopus, SciVal) Other (Research Professional, pFact) Research Data Analysis (ePrints, Inteum) External (JeS, eGAP, EUROPA, MoD) CRIS (Bespoke)
  30. 30. Vision for a NRII 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 56 Information Model Open Protocols National Warehouse BI Analysis and Reporting ExpertTeam
  31. 31. NRII Architecture Options distributed federated hybrid centralised 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 57
  32. 32. NRII Architecture Options 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 58 Centralised Uni User Non-Uni User RIS Federated Uni CRIS
  33. 33. NRII Architecture Options 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 59 Hybrid Uni CRIS RIS
  34. 34. Possible NRII Approach 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 60
  35. 35. The Advantages Government-related Bodies / Research funders HEIs Researchers • Scalable, flexible research reporting/ management • Richer and more reliable source of information • Record and analyse research across the research base • Improved data quality and reliability • Better benchmarking and business intelligence • Simpler submission of REF return • CRIS for small HEIs • Comply with new policies • Reduced administration • Improved business intelligence to inform career development 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 61
  36. 36. The Challenges 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 62 Government-related Bodies / Research Funders HEIs Researchers Effort to secure mandate for early delivery of light touch central UK RIS Investment to build the infrastructure Interface local systems and central warehouse Procedures for data exchange and governance Potential greater scrutiny from University
  37. 37. What would this mean for REF 20/21? »Avoid slump-spike cycle »Reduced costs of submission »Improve openness, transparency and accountability »Permanent research record »Greater access to REF data »Facilitate development of national priorities 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 63
  38. 38. NRII: the business case £4m a year 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 64
  39. 39. Next steps »Phase 1 › Agree design and standards »Phase 2 › Initial Central RIS and Data Warehouse »Phase 2: › Enrich NRII functionality 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 65
  40. 40. Australian National Data Service partnership with Research Data Alliance 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 66
  41. 41. Research Graph and Data Switchboard ResearchGraph: Creating a distributed graph using Research Data Switchboard 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 67
  42. 42. Conclusion:The RightTime »Research Economic,Technology and Policy stars are aligning »The current UK research information landscape is chaotic »We need a National Research Information Infrastructure › Reduce burden on researchers › Lower research costs › Enable better analysis and reporting › Support development of national priorities 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 68
  43. 43. Acknowledgements A vision for a National Research Information Infrastructure in the UK: options and recommendation Rachel Bruce,Tamsin Burland, Catherine Grout, Max Hammond, Neil Jacobs, David Maguire,Victoria Moody, Joel Mullan, Linda Naughton, Phil Richards Jisc May 2016 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 69
  44. 44. jisc.ac.uk Contact Me ThankYou for Listening David Maguire Chair of Jisc chair@jisc.ac.uk 14/07/2016 Efficient infrastructure for UK research 70

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