Authority files - Jisc Digital Festival 2014


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Authority files - Jisc Digital Festival 2014

  1. 1. Workshop Authority Files Jisc Digital Festival 11-12 March Birmingham
  2. 2. 2 9.30 • Introduction Knowledge Exchange • Authority Files – from library silo to web of data – why/how beneficial to research – four use cases – CRIS transforms into CRIS? • Opinion poll and discussion 10.10 • Introduction CASRAI • Work on Authority Files 10.25 • Wrap up & close Programme - Bas Cordewener - Leo Waaijers, Maurits de Graaf - David Baker - Verena Weigert
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  5. 5. Authority files signposts library silos Research Information of KE publication
  6. 6. Web of Documents/ Web of Data viausing SPARQL Our insights
  7. 7. Authority Files or ‘Controlled Vocabularies’ are lists • of entities or ‘things’ (people, publications, journals, data sets, organisations, repositories, etc.) • that are uniquely identified by a number (identifiers such as ORCID for re-searchers, DOI for publications, ISBN for books, ISNI for organisations, etc.) • containing information to characterise and qualify the entities (e.g. if a journal is Open Access, which researcher contributed to a specific project, which funder financed that project, etc.) • and are authoritative (maintained by an expert organisation, registry agent, etc.; or authoritative in itself being widely recognised, widely used by significant audiences, etc.
  8. 8. ‘Crosswalking’ between Authority Files creates value: • Using these lists, it becomes possible to link entities via their unique identifiers and by these combinations provide new or enriched information; e.g. what publications link (via DOI and ORCID) to a specific project. • This so called ‘crosswalking’ helps stakeholders in the research community to combine information, to gain insight, and inform funding and policy decisions regarding the research. 10
  9. 9. Why? A growing volume and impact of research results necessitate more transparancy and individual, organisational and national profiling. 7
  10. 10. Benefits of Authority Files • Discovery: Authority files are essential in discovery of research information by bridging sources that are not interoperable nor linked. • Trust and reliability: Authority files support reliable and trusted identification of key elements in research information. • Accountability: Authority files support the ability to track, report and measure aspects like funding, research output, and impact. Funders can track the research output resulting from their funding. • Transactional efficiency: Authority Files help to avoid the need to re-key data many times and support data exchange. This benefits all stakeholders. • New knowledge: Authority files greatly facilitate the ability to draw corre-lations across data and support analytics and decision making in the management of research.
  11. 11. Four use cases • Where to publish reliably research data? Needs new authority file for repositories • How is Open Access evolving? Needs enhancement of existing authority file for journals • Making German culture Web compliant Needs integration of existing authority files • Analyses and new ‘business’ information CRIS = Current Research Information Systems
  12. 12. That Robbert and André are authors with ISO Name Identifiers x and y: ISNI database (incl. ORCID) at global level ISNI: <ISNI: x is_a Author> That University ABC is a University with ISNI:z ISNI: <ISNI:z is_a Organisation> That Robbert (ISNI:x) and André (ISNI:y) have a working relation to University ABC (ISNI:z): HR-database at University HR@UniversityABC: <ISNI:z has_employee ISNI:x> That University ABC has different departments HR@UniversityABC: <department:n is_a department> That the departments of University ABC are in a specific Research Area HR@UniversityABC: <department:n is_research_area NOD:n> Who work in these departments HR@UniversityABC: <ISNI:n works_in department:n> What authors (ISNI) have contributed to which publications (DOI): DOI database at global level DOI: <DOI:n has_author ISNI:n> What Journals there are: ISSN database at global level; ISSN: <ISSN:n is_a ScientificJournal> What publications (DOI) belong to what journals (ISSN): DOI database at global level; DOI: <DOI:n published_in ISSN:n> When a publication (DOI) has been published: DOI database at global level; DOI: <DOI:n published_on w3c:date:n> What the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) for each Journal (ISSN): CWTS database at global level; CWTS: <ISSN:n has_a JIF:CWTS:n> What the defined Research Areas are. (on a national level, since the reporting in this case is a national matter): NOD (Nederlandse Onderzoeksdatabase) at national level; In our case NOD: <NOD:PopularScience is_a ResearchArea> What the definition is for an A-class journal is per Research Area, by defining a minimal Journal Impact Factor for each Research Area (in this case Popular Science): VSNU at national level.; VSNU:A-ClassDefinition: <NOD:PopularScience has_minimal JIF:CWTS:n> CRIS = Crosswalk Research Information Service?
  13. 13. Opinion poll: ‘yes’ or ‘no’ Think great, start small Statement 1 My institution should start tomorrow creating an ORCID on behalf of every member of the academic staff who hasn’t one. Statement 2 Organisations in the scholarly world should mandate ISNIs as organisational identifiers for their output. Statement 3 My institution would welcome clinics on cross-walking for CRIS managers. Statement 4 My CRIS should not start migrating data to Open Linked Data format (= RDF triples) soon. 13
  14. 14. 14 10.10 • Introduction CASRAI • Work on Authority Files 10.25 • Wrap up & close Programme - David Baker - Verena Weigert
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  16. 16. 16 10.25 • Wrap up & close Programme - Verena Weigert