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ASSIGNMENT
ICT INTEGRATED INSTRUCTION IN THE TEACHING
LEARNING OF COMMERCE AT HIGHER SECONDARY
LEVEL
SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:
DR.ISSAC PAUL JISA JOSEPH
G.C.T.ETHYCAUD
INTRODUCTION
It is difficult and even may be impossible to imagine future learning environments that are
not supported in one way or another by Information and Communication Technologies
(ICT).When looking at the current widespread diffusion and use of ICT in modern societies,
especially by the young the so called digital generation –then it should be clear that ICT will
affect the complete learning process today and in the future.
In other words , a widespread belief that ICTs have an important role to play in changing and
modernising educational system and ways of learning.
Information Technology (IT) and computer networks are becoming an important part of the
life. IT and computers are widely used to expand teaching possibilities. As education is a
complex process in which human and technical resources should be used carefully, concepts
related to teaching and learning have changed radically. Computer and related technologies
are the widely used, effective and excellent visualisation media and hence these are widely
used all over the world .
In India significant developments in the use of IT have taken place in the industrial and
commercial sectors. IT have wide application in the use of educational sector also. It is
essential that the educational sector specifically the higher education sector adopts and
integrates IT to improve quality and productivity. The IT with its versatility ,can accelerate
ones ability to solve many problems related to teaching, research and administration that are
encountered.
In the area of dynamic changes in the field of commerce ,trade and industry ,IT has a pivotal
role to play in the education of that discipline.The role of IT in commerce education goes far
beyond the direct use of instructional devices.
WHAT IS ICT ?
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that includes any
communication device or application , encompassing radio, television, cellular phones,
computers and networks ,hardware and software ,satellite systems and so on as well as the
various and applications associated with them such as video conferencing and distance
learning.
According to the European Commission ,the importance of ICT lies in the technology itself
than its ability to create greater access to information and communication in undeserved
populations. Many countries around the world have established organisations for the
promotion of ICTs ,because it is feared that unless less technologically advanced areas have a
chance to catch up.
Significance ofIT in education
 Access to variety of learning resources
In the era of technology, IT aids plenty of resources to enhance the teaching skills and
learning ability. With the help of IT now it is easy to provide audio visual education. The
learning resources are being widens and widen. Now with this vivid and vast technique as
part of the IT curriculum, learners are encouraged to regard computers as tools to be used in
all aspects of their studies. In particular, they need to make use of the new multimedia
technologies to communicate ideas, describe projects, and order information in their work.
 Immediacy to information
IT has provided immediacy to education. Now in the year of computers and web networks the
pace of imparting knowledge is very very fast and one can be educated anywhere at any time.
New IT has often been introduced into well-established patterns of working and living
without radically altering them. For example, the traditional office, with secretaries working
at keyboards and notes being written on paper and manually exchanged, has remained
remarkably stable, even if personal computers have replaced typewriters.
 Now in Any time learning
the year of computers and web networks the pace of imparting knowledge is very very fast
and one can be educated .One can study whenever he wills irrespective of whether it is day or
night and irrespective of being in India or in US because of the boom in IT
Collaborative learning
Now IT has made it easy to study as well as teach in groups or in clusters. With online
we can be unite together to do the desired task. Efficient postal systems, the telephone (fixed
and mobile), and various recording and playback systems based on computer technology all
have a part to play in educational broadcasting in the new millennium. The Internet and its
Web sites are now familiar to many children in developed countries and among educational
elites elsewhere, but it remains of little significance to very many more, who lack the most
basic means for subsistence.
 Multimedia approach to education
Audio-Visual Education, planning, preparation, and use of devices and materials that involve
sight, sound, or both, for educational purposes. Among the devices used are still and motion
pictures, filmstrips, television, transparencies, audiotapes, records, teaching machines,
computers, and videodiscs. The growth of audio-visual education has reflected developments
in both technology and learning theory.
Studies in the psychology of learning suggest that the use of audio-visuals in education has
several advantages. All learning is based on perception, the process by which the senses gain
information from the environment. The higher processes of memory and concept formation
cannot occur without prior perception. People can attend to only a limited amount of
information at a time; their selection and perception of information is influenced by past
experiences. Researchers have found that, other conditions being equal, more information is
taken in if it is received simultaneously in two modalities (vision and hearing, for example)
rather than in a single modality. Furthermore, learning is enhanced when material is
organized and that organization is evident to the student.
These findings suggest the value of audio-visuals in the educational process. They can
facilitate perception of the most important features, can be carefully organized, and can
require the student to use more than one modality.
 Authentic and up to date information
The information and data which are available on the net is purely correct and up to date.
Internet, a collection of computer networks that operate to common standards and enable the
computers and the programs they run to communicate directly provides true and correct
information
Online library
Internets support thousands of different kinds of operational and experimental services one of
which is online library. We can get plenty of data on this online library.
As part of the IT curriculum, learners are encouraged to regard computers as tools to be used
in all aspects of their studies. In particular, they need to make use of the new multimedia
technologies to communicate ideas, describe projects, and order information in their work.
This requires them to select the medium best suited to conveying their message, to structure
information in a hierarchical manner, and to link together information to produce a
multidimensional document.
E-LEARNING
The term E-Learning is derived from ,electronic learning and refers to technology based
learning or the electronic delivery of learning. It covers a wide range of distributed
knowledge applications and processes, including computer based learning ,web based
learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaboration. Thus E-Learning includes the delivery
of content via all electronic media, including the internet ,intranets, extranet, satellite
broadcast ,audio/video tapes, interactive TV and CD -ROM .
The term Online Learning although sometimes
used interchangeably with E-Learning .it refers more precisely to web based learning ,which
constitutes just one part of the technology based learning spectrum; learning via internet.
E- Learning is a combination of learning services and
technology to provide high quality integrated learning at anytime and any place. It results
from a new blend of resources , interactivity, performance and structured learning activities
.The methodology followed in E-Learning makes use of various technologies to enhance the
quality of the learning process, by helping full realisation of the educational objectives aimed
at and by catering to the needs of a more diverse learner population with minimal expenditure
ADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING
 Any time,any where ,any place learning
 Reduced cost of training
 Uniformity of content
 Training can be scheduled around work and personal responsibilities.
 Information can be provided as and when needed and can be accessed wherever a
computer with an internet connection is available.
 Costs for third party trainers are reduced.
 Costs associated with remote training (travel time and expenses) are reduced.
 Immediate access to additional online resources can be embedded directly into the
training.
DISADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING
 Instructors requires thorough learning.
 Time consuming.
 Expensive equipments.
 Instructors prefer traditional methods.
 Technical training and support is needed.
COMPARISON BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND ONLINE CLASSROOM
TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM ONLINE CLASSROOM
 Teacher-focused
 Passive learning
 Teacher delivers knowledge
 Little use of technology
 Delivery through spoken words
 Learner focused
 Active learning
 Teacher guides the learners
 More use of technology
 Wide variety of learning styles
INTERNET
Internet is a network of network where thousands of computers are
connected to a world wide network through a common communication
protocol.Internet is the worlds wonder network carrying information on almost any
subject under the sun .It is known as the Information superhighway. People exchange
many types of information in all social contexts on the internet. Libraries and
reference books are accessed through internet .The internet stretches throughout the
world with points of access at libraries in thousands of universities and colleges .
The Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability,
a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and
interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic
location. The Internet represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits
of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information
infrastructure. Beginning with the early research in packet switching, the government,
industry and academia have been partners in evolving and deploying this exciting new
technology
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Power point is one of the most powerful presentation –software developed by the
Microsoft Corporation. Presentation software are used to present an idea ,topic
message, lecture ,information etc on a subject in front of an audience using computer
system and LCD projector. In power point software ,the teachers and students can
develop their own slides in the subject of interest. The term SLIDE is used in power
point denotes the presentation programme files .A slide can be made more attractive
and catching by combining pictures ,graphics ,audio and video clips.
PowerPoint is commonly used by presenters as a digital aid when
presenting their topic to an audience. Microsoft has called this type of software a
"presentation", which is a misnomer.
INTERACTIVE CD ROMS
CD Rom (Compact Disc Read Only Memory) are the storage media used to record, retrieve,
read and replay the digitally formatted content of programmes and packages .The content or
topic to be taught are programmed and stored in the CDs with multimedia features and effect.
Such CDs are developed to help the users interact easily. The students can enter in to a
learning game on any relevant aspect of the topic and can interact with the system even in
speech and sound.
CONCLUSION
Technology and ICT have been drivers that have re-engineered our society and
commerce in recent years. Some might say they have presented opportunities for change
that have lead to unique benefits. Just as in any market, we have seen both pioneers and
early adopters and, at the opposite end of the spectrum, those school that slow and
reluctant to accept change.
In terms of technology we are starting to see individuals using
multiple devices in a variety of ways. The days of the ICT suite are starting to look
numbered, other than perhaps for basic skills training and use in assessment. The
technology is needed when and where the learning process takes place. The “Cloud” is
becoming the home of the information repository and will deliver applications and
programs to our devices as and when required. Devices will become cheaper. Applications
will also become free or, because of higher volumes, will be available at lower cost. All this
relies heavily on suitable infrastructure being available, but as we move to Digital TV,
relatively high digital capacity will be available from the bandwidth released by analogue
transmissions.
The internet of “connected things” is likely to have a big impact on our lives. By this we
mean the online connectivity of systems, machines and sensors. Much of the technology
already exists, but isn’t yet at sufficiently high volume and low cost to be pervasive.
Empowering our educators and encouraging co-operation and collaboration across agencies
should be fundamental. The technology exists to allow safe and secure sharing of
information at local level and across agencies without the need to structure national sized
data repositories. Information can be shared by local professionals and their clients with
integrity and information security devolved to the professionals.

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9. jisa online assignment

  • 1. ASSIGNMENT ICT INTEGRATED INSTRUCTION IN THE TEACHING LEARNING OF COMMERCE AT HIGHER SECONDARY LEVEL SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: DR.ISSAC PAUL JISA JOSEPH G.C.T.ETHYCAUD
  • 2. INTRODUCTION It is difficult and even may be impossible to imagine future learning environments that are not supported in one way or another by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).When looking at the current widespread diffusion and use of ICT in modern societies, especially by the young the so called digital generation –then it should be clear that ICT will affect the complete learning process today and in the future. In other words , a widespread belief that ICTs have an important role to play in changing and modernising educational system and ways of learning. Information Technology (IT) and computer networks are becoming an important part of the life. IT and computers are widely used to expand teaching possibilities. As education is a complex process in which human and technical resources should be used carefully, concepts related to teaching and learning have changed radically. Computer and related technologies are the widely used, effective and excellent visualisation media and hence these are widely used all over the world . In India significant developments in the use of IT have taken place in the industrial and commercial sectors. IT have wide application in the use of educational sector also. It is essential that the educational sector specifically the higher education sector adopts and integrates IT to improve quality and productivity. The IT with its versatility ,can accelerate ones ability to solve many problems related to teaching, research and administration that are encountered.
  • 3. In the area of dynamic changes in the field of commerce ,trade and industry ,IT has a pivotal role to play in the education of that discipline.The role of IT in commerce education goes far beyond the direct use of instructional devices. WHAT IS ICT ? Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application , encompassing radio, television, cellular phones, computers and networks ,hardware and software ,satellite systems and so on as well as the various and applications associated with them such as video conferencing and distance learning. According to the European Commission ,the importance of ICT lies in the technology itself than its ability to create greater access to information and communication in undeserved populations. Many countries around the world have established organisations for the promotion of ICTs ,because it is feared that unless less technologically advanced areas have a chance to catch up.
  • 4. Significance ofIT in education  Access to variety of learning resources In the era of technology, IT aids plenty of resources to enhance the teaching skills and learning ability. With the help of IT now it is easy to provide audio visual education. The learning resources are being widens and widen. Now with this vivid and vast technique as part of the IT curriculum, learners are encouraged to regard computers as tools to be used in all aspects of their studies. In particular, they need to make use of the new multimedia technologies to communicate ideas, describe projects, and order information in their work.  Immediacy to information IT has provided immediacy to education. Now in the year of computers and web networks the pace of imparting knowledge is very very fast and one can be educated anywhere at any time. New IT has often been introduced into well-established patterns of working and living without radically altering them. For example, the traditional office, with secretaries working at keyboards and notes being written on paper and manually exchanged, has remained remarkably stable, even if personal computers have replaced typewriters.  Now in Any time learning the year of computers and web networks the pace of imparting knowledge is very very fast and one can be educated .One can study whenever he wills irrespective of whether it is day or night and irrespective of being in India or in US because of the boom in IT
  • 5. Collaborative learning Now IT has made it easy to study as well as teach in groups or in clusters. With online we can be unite together to do the desired task. Efficient postal systems, the telephone (fixed and mobile), and various recording and playback systems based on computer technology all have a part to play in educational broadcasting in the new millennium. The Internet and its Web sites are now familiar to many children in developed countries and among educational elites elsewhere, but it remains of little significance to very many more, who lack the most basic means for subsistence.  Multimedia approach to education Audio-Visual Education, planning, preparation, and use of devices and materials that involve sight, sound, or both, for educational purposes. Among the devices used are still and motion pictures, filmstrips, television, transparencies, audiotapes, records, teaching machines, computers, and videodiscs. The growth of audio-visual education has reflected developments in both technology and learning theory.
  • 6. Studies in the psychology of learning suggest that the use of audio-visuals in education has several advantages. All learning is based on perception, the process by which the senses gain information from the environment. The higher processes of memory and concept formation cannot occur without prior perception. People can attend to only a limited amount of information at a time; their selection and perception of information is influenced by past experiences. Researchers have found that, other conditions being equal, more information is taken in if it is received simultaneously in two modalities (vision and hearing, for example) rather than in a single modality. Furthermore, learning is enhanced when material is organized and that organization is evident to the student. These findings suggest the value of audio-visuals in the educational process. They can facilitate perception of the most important features, can be carefully organized, and can require the student to use more than one modality.  Authentic and up to date information The information and data which are available on the net is purely correct and up to date. Internet, a collection of computer networks that operate to common standards and enable the computers and the programs they run to communicate directly provides true and correct information
  • 7. Online library Internets support thousands of different kinds of operational and experimental services one of which is online library. We can get plenty of data on this online library. As part of the IT curriculum, learners are encouraged to regard computers as tools to be used in all aspects of their studies. In particular, they need to make use of the new multimedia technologies to communicate ideas, describe projects, and order information in their work. This requires them to select the medium best suited to conveying their message, to structure information in a hierarchical manner, and to link together information to produce a multidimensional document.
  • 8. E-LEARNING The term E-Learning is derived from ,electronic learning and refers to technology based learning or the electronic delivery of learning. It covers a wide range of distributed knowledge applications and processes, including computer based learning ,web based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaboration. Thus E-Learning includes the delivery of content via all electronic media, including the internet ,intranets, extranet, satellite broadcast ,audio/video tapes, interactive TV and CD -ROM . The term Online Learning although sometimes used interchangeably with E-Learning .it refers more precisely to web based learning ,which constitutes just one part of the technology based learning spectrum; learning via internet. E- Learning is a combination of learning services and technology to provide high quality integrated learning at anytime and any place. It results from a new blend of resources , interactivity, performance and structured learning activities .The methodology followed in E-Learning makes use of various technologies to enhance the
  • 9. quality of the learning process, by helping full realisation of the educational objectives aimed at and by catering to the needs of a more diverse learner population with minimal expenditure ADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING  Any time,any where ,any place learning  Reduced cost of training  Uniformity of content  Training can be scheduled around work and personal responsibilities.  Information can be provided as and when needed and can be accessed wherever a computer with an internet connection is available.  Costs for third party trainers are reduced.  Costs associated with remote training (travel time and expenses) are reduced.  Immediate access to additional online resources can be embedded directly into the training. DISADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING  Instructors requires thorough learning.  Time consuming.  Expensive equipments.  Instructors prefer traditional methods.  Technical training and support is needed.
  • 10. COMPARISON BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND ONLINE CLASSROOM TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM ONLINE CLASSROOM  Teacher-focused  Passive learning  Teacher delivers knowledge  Little use of technology  Delivery through spoken words  Learner focused  Active learning  Teacher guides the learners  More use of technology  Wide variety of learning styles INTERNET Internet is a network of network where thousands of computers are connected to a world wide network through a common communication protocol.Internet is the worlds wonder network carrying information on almost any subject under the sun .It is known as the Information superhighway. People exchange
  • 11. many types of information in all social contexts on the internet. Libraries and reference books are accessed through internet .The internet stretches throughout the world with points of access at libraries in thousands of universities and colleges . The Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location. The Internet represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure. Beginning with the early research in packet switching, the government, industry and academia have been partners in evolving and deploying this exciting new technology POWERPOINT PRESENTATION Power point is one of the most powerful presentation –software developed by the Microsoft Corporation. Presentation software are used to present an idea ,topic message, lecture ,information etc on a subject in front of an audience using computer
  • 12. system and LCD projector. In power point software ,the teachers and students can develop their own slides in the subject of interest. The term SLIDE is used in power point denotes the presentation programme files .A slide can be made more attractive and catching by combining pictures ,graphics ,audio and video clips. PowerPoint is commonly used by presenters as a digital aid when presenting their topic to an audience. Microsoft has called this type of software a "presentation", which is a misnomer. INTERACTIVE CD ROMS CD Rom (Compact Disc Read Only Memory) are the storage media used to record, retrieve, read and replay the digitally formatted content of programmes and packages .The content or topic to be taught are programmed and stored in the CDs with multimedia features and effect. Such CDs are developed to help the users interact easily. The students can enter in to a learning game on any relevant aspect of the topic and can interact with the system even in speech and sound.
  • 13. CONCLUSION Technology and ICT have been drivers that have re-engineered our society and commerce in recent years. Some might say they have presented opportunities for change that have lead to unique benefits. Just as in any market, we have seen both pioneers and early adopters and, at the opposite end of the spectrum, those school that slow and reluctant to accept change. In terms of technology we are starting to see individuals using multiple devices in a variety of ways. The days of the ICT suite are starting to look numbered, other than perhaps for basic skills training and use in assessment. The technology is needed when and where the learning process takes place. The “Cloud” is becoming the home of the information repository and will deliver applications and programs to our devices as and when required. Devices will become cheaper. Applications will also become free or, because of higher volumes, will be available at lower cost. All this relies heavily on suitable infrastructure being available, but as we move to Digital TV, relatively high digital capacity will be available from the bandwidth released by analogue transmissions. The internet of “connected things” is likely to have a big impact on our lives. By this we mean the online connectivity of systems, machines and sensors. Much of the technology already exists, but isn’t yet at sufficiently high volume and low cost to be pervasive. Empowering our educators and encouraging co-operation and collaboration across agencies
  • 14. should be fundamental. The technology exists to allow safe and secure sharing of information at local level and across agencies without the need to structure national sized data repositories. Information can be shared by local professionals and their clients with integrity and information security devolved to the professionals.