Religions in Hungary


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by Arpad Vezer Gimnazium es Kollegium, Hungary

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Religions in Hungary

  2. 2. RELIGION <ul><li>Edward Burnett Tylor defined religion as &quot;the belief in spiritual beings &quot; </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Throughout its history, almost all of the religions appeared in Hungary, due to its location. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ancient Hungarian religion: <ul><li>Unity of nature and man </li></ul><ul><li>Characters of the belief: </li></ul><ul><li>Táltos </li></ul><ul><li>Garabonciás </li></ul><ul><li>Witch </li></ul>
  5. 5. Shamanism is an anthropological term referencing a range of beliefs and practices regarding communication with the spiritual world. A practitioner of shamanism is known as a shaman . Shamanism: It is a form of spiritual belief which holds that there are certain chosen individuals who even before they are born are selected to have superhuman capabilities. These individuals will grow up to be Shamans.
  6. 6. <ul><li>They believed in a world divided into three parts: </li></ul><ul><li>- Underworld </li></ul><ul><li>Middle World </li></ul><ul><li>Upper World </li></ul><ul><li>World Tree </li></ul>
  7. 7. Christianity: <ul><li>Stephen I (the first Hungarian king), converted the pagan Magyars to Christianity and organized the Church by: </li></ul><ul><li>not allowing work on Sundays </li></ul><ul><li>everybody had to attend the masses on Sundays </li></ul><ul><li>a church had to be built by 10 villages </li></ul><ul><li>organiz ing eight bishoprics and two archbishoprics </li></ul><ul><li>establishing monasteries </li></ul>
  8. 8. The current coat of arms of Hungary (which was adopted on July 3, 1990, after the end of Comunist rule) . On the middle hilltop, from an open golden crown, the &quot;apostolic&quot; double-cross emerges which was awarded by pope II. Sylvester to Saint Stephen I, the first Hungarian king, in 1000 A.D., in recognition of his mission to turn the pagan Hungarians to christianity.
  9. 10. The Holy Bible
  10. 11. Catholic churces, cathedrals
  11. 12. Catholic churches in Sárospatak
  12. 13. Reformation, Counter-Reformation: In the 1520s came a renewal of religious faith. Initially the Lutherans had the leading role, then the Calvinists. The reformation had a great impact on cultural development. The counter-reformation brought a renewal of the Catholic faith.
  13. 14. Protestantism: By this we mean that branch of the Christian faith which separated from Catholicism during the 16th century as a result of the reformation. Even during the 16th century the protestant faith became divided into two branches the evangelical (Lutheran) and the reformed (Calvinist) denominations.
  14. 15. Sárospatak is one of the Protestant centers in Hungary
  15. 16. Protestant churches
  16. 18. Even in the 2nd and the 3rd century A.D. Jews lived in the Carpathian basin
  17. 19. The Emergence of Islam <ul><li>Before the Conquest in 996 A.D. the Hungarians met several islamic tribes, such as the Khazars </li></ul><ul><li>In the old Hungarian language the Muslim were called Böszörmény which is a family name these days as well </li></ul><ul><li>Naturally, the most powerful influence was the 150 years of Turkish reign in Hungary </li></ul>
  18. 21. Buddhism Krishna/Hinduism Followers of these religions can be found in Hungary as well
  19. 22. Religious affiliation in Hungary ( census 2001) <ul><li>Christianity 74,4% </li></ul><ul><li>Catholicism 54,5% </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Catholics 51,9% </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Catholics 2,6% </li></ul><ul><li>Protestantism 19,5% </li></ul><ul><li>Calvinists 15,9% </li></ul><ul><li>Lutherans 3% </li></ul><ul><li>Baptists 0,2% </li></ul><ul><li>Unitarians 0,1% </li></ul><ul><li>Other Protestants 0,3% </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox Christianity 0,2% </li></ul><ul><li>Other Christians 0,2% </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism 0,1% </li></ul><ul><li>Other religions 0,1% </li></ul><ul><li>Total religions 74,6% </li></ul>
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  21. 24. Roles of the church nowadays: <ul><li>run educational, social and cultural institutes </li></ul><ul><li>periodicals, publishers </li></ul><ul><li>nationwide radio stations </li></ul>
  22. 25. Without Christianity there is no Hungarian culture. Christianity is a religion which for more than 2000 years has held out the promise of redemption and salvation.