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Word Stress

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The first in a three part series for English language teachers on Stress and Intonation. What is word stress and why is it important for language teaching?

Published in: Education

Word Stress

  1. 1. elt-training.com Stress and Intonation I Word stress
  2. 2. For a free, voiced, over presentation of this, go to www.elt-training.com
  3. 3. How many syllables? Where is the stress? balloon
  4. 4. ba- lloon
  5. 5. joyful euphoric exhilarated
  6. 6. joy-ful /ˈʤɔɪfəl/
  7. 7. eu-pho-ric /ju:ˈfɒrɪk/
  8. 8. ex-hi-la-ra-ted /ɪgˈzɪləreɪtɪd/
  9. 9. With longer words, we get secondary stress exhilarated /ɪgˈzɪləˌreɪtɪd/
  10. 10. O Oo oO alone sad lonely
  11. 11. Ooo oOo ooO Japanese wonderful amazing
  12. 12. What happens to the unstressed syllables? amaze /ə/ oO
  13. 13. What happens to the unstressed syllables? enough /I/ oO
  14. 14. Ooo oOo ooO /ə/ wonderful amazing Japanese
  15. 15. So, what is the importance of this…. oOo Ooo
  16. 16. oOoo education ooOo
  17. 17. oOo monologue Ooo
  18. 18. Oooo participate oOoo
  19. 19. L1 interference OooOoo sensible
  20. 20. Many languages have regular stress patterns or fixed stress.
  21. 21. Finnish & Icelandic stress the first syllable of a word
  22. 22. Swahili stresses the penultimate syllable
  23. 23. Unfortunately for learners…….
  24. 24. There are rules….
  25. 25. but there are many.. ....and a lot of exceptions…..
  26. 26. How do you pronounce this word? How do you know? spissitude Density, thickness, compactness. (archaic) Oxford English Dictionary
  27. 27. /ˈspɪsɪtjuːd/
  28. 28. spissitude attitude Ooo aptitude Ooo solitude Ooo
  29. 29. Three syllable nouns that end in -itude are stressed on the first syllable.
  30. 30. Think of some two syllable nouns and adjectives…. What do you notice about the stress?
  31. 31. scary lion Oo Oo
  32. 32. painted berries Oo Oo
  33. 33. Think of some two syllable verbs…. What do you notice about the stress?
  34. 34. observe oO
  35. 35. prepare oO
  36. 36. BUT…. rereaadd +in igng Oo
  37. 37. Think of some words ending in -ion…. What do you notice about the stress?
  38. 38. station locomotion Oo ooOo
  39. 39. Is it worth teaching rules?
  40. 40. rebel oO Oo (v) (n)
  41. 41. record refuse implant invalid conduct
  42. 42. Stress changes in word families photograph Ooo
  43. 43. photographer oOoo
  44. 44. Ooo saxophone
  45. 45. shifting stress patterns saxophonist oOoo
  46. 46. Is it worth marking stress patterns on new words?
  47. 47. How do you mark stress patterns on new words?
  48. 48. /ˈspɪsɪtju:d/ Spissitude Ooo
  49. 49. . spissitude Spissitude Ooo
  50. 50. spissitude Spissitude Ooo
  51. 51. spissitude Spissitude Ooo
  52. 52. spissitude Spissitude Ooo
  53. 53. SPIssitude Spissitude Ooo
  54. 54. Ooo spissitude Spissitude Ooo
  55. 55. Remember: Word stress is important… Make sure they make a note of it.
  56. 56. Word stress Sentence stress Intonation
  57. 57. Thank you! jo.gakonga@elt-training.com

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