Using Dictation
For a free voiced over video presentation of this, visit www.elt-training.com

Jo Gakonga
Why use dictation?

NO
Writing
Spelling

Listening
Top Tips
Make it
interesting
I am a fruit.
I’m orange but I’m not an orange.

I have seeds but I’m not an apple.
I’m bigger than a pineapple.
You have ...
Keep it short!
Don’t
Oh! Verrr

Sea

Nun

Ate
Don’t
over enunciate
How to
dictate?
Types of dictation

Teacher to learner

Independent

Learner to learner

Collaborative
Teacher
dictation
Easy to do
Takes little preparation
eg. use instructions or warmers
from your course book...

When you left school, did yo...
OR:

Introduction to reading text
Title spelling dictation
T-H-E-F-A-M-I-L-Y-T-H-A-T-P-L-A-Y-S
Useful for:
Practice in listening for spelling
AEIOU

J-G

Y

Q

X

Z
From: New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate Pearson/Longman
From: New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate Pearson/Longman
Useful for:
Intensive listening practice
Raising awareness of connected speech

Adding variety
Dictogloss
Collaborative dictation

http://www2.klett.de/sixcms/media.php/10/A
08105-53990004_EU_Dictogloss_EB.pdf
An Inuit guide
The Arctic Circle

A polar bear

I looked to see what it was,
I kept as still as I could
stick your head ou...
Read it once at normal
speed– learners just listen
Read again at normal speed,
pausing after each sentence –
learners make...
In pairs or groups, learners
reconstruct the passage
NOTE – this does not have
to be the same as the
original as long as t...
Learners compare their
version with original.
Attention can be drawn to
the differences.
I was in the Arctic with an Inuit guide, a long way above
the Arctic Circle, where I was taking photographs of seals
under...
Useful for:
Vocabulary
New vocabulary, Revising vocabulary
Collocations, ‘chunks’ and common expressions
Grammar
Raising a...
Learner
dictation
Gives a real reason to make
language intelligible –

But…
Alternate/ info gap dictation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

The place where I live is a small village called Wythall. There’s not much
...
The place where I live is a small village called
Wythall. There’s not much to do there, really,
and when I was a teenager ...
called Alice and she

Once upon a time

there was a girl

lived with her father in
called Alice and she

Once upon a time

there was a girl

lived with her father in
Useful for:
Pronunciation practice
Listening practice
Increasing energy level in class
Thank you!
Jo Gakonga
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
Dictation for ELT
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Dictation for ELT

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Some thoughts and practical ideas on using dictation in the English language classroom. For a free, voiced over video presentation of this, go to www.elt-training.com

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Dictation for ELT

  1. 1. Using Dictation For a free voiced over video presentation of this, visit www.elt-training.com Jo Gakonga
  2. 2. Why use dictation? NO
  3. 3. Writing Spelling Listening
  4. 4. Top Tips
  5. 5. Make it interesting
  6. 6. I am a fruit. I’m orange but I’m not an orange. I have seeds but I’m not an apple. I’m bigger than a pineapple. You have to cook me before you eat me. What am I?
  7. 7. Keep it short!
  8. 8. Don’t Oh! Verrr Sea Nun Ate
  9. 9. Don’t over enunciate
  10. 10. How to dictate?
  11. 11. Types of dictation Teacher to learner Independent Learner to learner Collaborative
  12. 12. Teacher dictation
  13. 13. Easy to do Takes little preparation eg. use instructions or warmers from your course book... When you left school, did you study, get a job or do something else. Why? Do you think it was the best thing to do?
  14. 14. OR: Introduction to reading text Title spelling dictation T-H-E-F-A-M-I-L-Y-T-H-A-T-P-L-A-Y-S
  15. 15. Useful for: Practice in listening for spelling AEIOU J-G Y Q X Z
  16. 16. From: New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate Pearson/Longman
  17. 17. From: New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate Pearson/Longman
  18. 18. Useful for: Intensive listening practice Raising awareness of connected speech Adding variety
  19. 19. Dictogloss Collaborative dictation http://www2.klett.de/sixcms/media.php/10/A 08105-53990004_EU_Dictogloss_EB.pdf
  20. 20. An Inuit guide The Arctic Circle A polar bear I looked to see what it was, I kept as still as I could stick your head out sure enough
  21. 21. Read it once at normal speed– learners just listen Read again at normal speed, pausing after each sentence – learners make notes NOTE: Learners DO NOT write down the whole sentence
  22. 22. In pairs or groups, learners reconstruct the passage NOTE – this does not have to be the same as the original as long as the meaning is conveyed correctly and accurately.
  23. 23. Learners compare their version with original. Attention can be drawn to the differences.
  24. 24. I was in the Arctic with an Inuit guide, a long way above the Arctic Circle, where I was taking photographs of seals underwater. After a few days the weather turned bad and we decided to spend the night on the ice. Early the next morning I was lying in the tent, just waking up, when I felt something moving against my feet. I looked to see what it was, and I could see the shape of a young polar bear which was playing with my feet through the wall of the tent. I kept as still as I could, and very quietly woke the guide and told him what was happening. He said, ‘Don’t worry, just stick your head out of the tent and it will go away.’ So I said. ‘Well, you stick your head out of the tent.’ And that’s exactly what he did – he stuck his head out of the tent, and sure enough the polar bear went away.
  25. 25. Useful for: Vocabulary New vocabulary, Revising vocabulary Collocations, ‘chunks’ and common expressions Grammar Raising awareness, Revision As a context for presentation Discourse analysis and cohesive devices
  26. 26. Learner dictation
  27. 27. Gives a real reason to make language intelligible – But…
  28. 28. Alternate/ info gap dictation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The place where I live is a small village called Wythall. There’s not much to do there, really, and when I was a teenager I thought it was boring. Now that I’m older, though and I’ve got a family, I think there’s something nice about the quietness of it. There’s quite a lot of traffic, because there’s little or no public transport, but it’s a rural area, so there’s not much pollution. There are a couple of take away shops, and one or two restaurants around, but mostly if people want to go out and do something, they go to Solihull or Birmingham. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The place where I live is a small village called Wythall. There’s not much to do there, really, and when I was a teenager I thought it was boring. Now that I’m older, though and I’ve got a family, I think there’s something nice about the quietness of it. There’s quite a lot of traffic, because there’s little or no public transport, but it’s a rural area, so there’s not much pollution. There are a couple of take away shops, and one or two restaurants around, but mostly if people want to go out and do something, they go to Solihull or Birmingham.
  29. 29. The place where I live is a small village called Wythall. There’s not much to do there, really, and when I was a teenager I thought it was boring. Now that I’m older, though and I’ve got a family, I think there’s something nice about the quietness of it. There’s quite a lot of traffic, because there’s little or no public transport, but . it’s a rural area, so there’s not much pollution. There are a couple of take away shops, and one or two restaurants around, but mostly if people want to go out and do something, they go to Solihull or Birmingham. Running dictation
  30. 30. called Alice and she Once upon a time there was a girl lived with her father in
  31. 31. called Alice and she Once upon a time there was a girl lived with her father in
  32. 32. Useful for: Pronunciation practice Listening practice Increasing energy level in class
  33. 33. Thank you! Jo Gakonga

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