• Explain the parts of a letter
• State the 3 letter formats
• Explain the differences between the letter
• Writing good business letters is
an art that all technical people
• when writing a business letter,
the writer produces a one-sided
conversation with the reader in
the sense that he/she has to
anticipate the reader's questions
and provide answers to those
What is a Business Letter?
• A business letter is a letter
written in formal language,
usually used when writing from
one business organization to
another, or for correspondence
between such organizations and
their customers, clients and other
The Main Components of a Business
Business letters usually contain the following information (in this order):
Writer's address (street, city, country).
Date of writing
Recipient's name, job title, and address
Salutation or Greeting (Dear Mr./ Mrs./ Ms…..)
Message (body of the letter)
In some situations, a business letter may also include the following optional
Writer's Initials: typist's initials ( if writer did not type letter).
Carbon copy Recipients (cc:)
Photocopy recipients (xc:)
Note: The last four components are not always included.
Basic Letter Formats
There are three common formats for the
1. The blocked format.
2. The semi-blocked format
3. The unblocked or indented format
The blocked format
The first lines of paragraphs and all the other
address, date, closing and signature
information are lined up with the left margin.
There is a blank line between paragraphs.
The semi-blocked format
The following elements start from the
middle of the page. (use tab to set this)
Senders address (If letterhead is not used)
Designation (Job title or position)
• Date is aligned to the right.
The unblocked/indented format
The first line of the paragraph is
indented (set tab stop position to 0.5)
If there is a subject line, then it is
All other element are as in a semiblocked.
The Use of Letterhead Stationery
• When a writer is representing a company or
organization, he/she should use the organization's
letterhead stationery for correspondences with
people outside the organization.
• When using letterhead, the location of the writer's
address, city, state will be changed. These are
usually given in the letterhead typed at the top of
• If a letter requires more than one page, the
additional pages are called continuation pages are
typed on plain paper, not letterhead.