Chapter 12 The Hellenistic Period 335 B.C. – 145 B.C.
Terms to Know <ul><li>Hostage </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanx </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Orator </li></ul>
Main Ideas <ul><li>Greek city-states lost their independence </li></ul><ul><li>Many changes took place </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Philip II of Macedonia <ul><li>New ruler of Greece in ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonia –  </li></ul><ul><li>Most Ma...
<ul><li>Became ruler of Macedonia in ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Held hostage as a child </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hostage  ...
<ul><li>Gave soldiers 14 foot long spears </li></ul><ul><li>Trained soldiers with slingshots and bows and arrows </li></ul...
<ul><li>Demosthenes  –  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to warn Greeks ______________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Section 2 – Alexander the Great <ul><li>Took over for _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in the army __________...
Alexander’s Empire <ul><li>Wanted to bring _________________ to his empire </li></ul><ul><li>Thought that ________________...
<ul><ul><li>Macedonians and Greeks refused to treat them as gods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbaroi  –  </li></ul></ul>
Alexandria <ul><li>Alexander the Great founded about 70 cities  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most famous was Alexandria _________...
End of the Empire <ul><li>323 B.C. –  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled the empire for 13 years </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>3 of his generals divided the rest of the empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigonus  –  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pt...
<ul><li>Factories  -  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in the new Hellenistic cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek manufactu...
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Chapter 12 Handout

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Chapter 12 Handout

  1. 1. Chapter 12 The Hellenistic Period 335 B.C. – 145 B.C.
  2. 2. Terms to Know <ul><li>Hostage </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanx </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Orator </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main Ideas <ul><li>Greek city-states lost their independence </li></ul><ul><li>Many changes took place </li></ul><ul><li>New rules of Greece built empires/increased trade </li></ul><ul><li>Spread Greek culture and customs </li></ul><ul><li>Greek language spoken widely; architecture used everywhere; literature used in school </li></ul>
  4. 4. Philip II of Macedonia <ul><li>New ruler of Greece in ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonia – </li></ul><ul><li>Most Macedonians were _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Fought in ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Did not care for Greeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macedonian royalty were of Greek descent and cared very much for Greek culture </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Became ruler of Macedonia in ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Held hostage as a child </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hostage - person held by the enemy until certain promises are carried out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanted __________________________________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made Macedonian army ______________________________________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed phalanx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phalanx – </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Gave soldiers 14 foot long spears </li></ul><ul><li>Trained soldiers with slingshots and bows and arrows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saw marriage as a way to form a political alliance (partnerships) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Married six or seven times for this reason </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Demosthenes – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to warn Greeks ______________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They would not listen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Philip attacked central Greece in 338 B.C. – Athens and Thebes tried to stop him. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek army was defeated at the Battle of Chaeronea. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Section 2 – Alexander the Great <ul><li>Took over for _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in the army ____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Included __________ and __________ in the army once he took over </li></ul><ul><li>Took over the ___________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Went as far as _____________ – his troops refused to go any further </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Alexander’s Empire <ul><li>Wanted to bring _________________ to his empire </li></ul><ul><li>Thought that ____________________________ _______________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Took Persian soldiers into his army </li></ul><ul><li>Married Persian women – had 80 of his army officers marry Persian women </li></ul><ul><li>Began to dress in Persian clothes – began to follow some Persian customs </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>Macedonians and Greeks refused to treat them as gods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbaroi – </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Alexandria <ul><li>Alexander the Great founded about 70 cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most famous was Alexandria ___________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Became a major center ___________________ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had 2 great harbors – protected by breakwaters – </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lighthouse – </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Museum – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Euclid – </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. End of the Empire <ul><li>323 B.C. – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled the empire for 13 years </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>3 of his generals divided the rest of the empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigonus – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ptolemy – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seleucus – </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Athens and Sparta ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Greek city-states were never the same </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Factories - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in the new Hellenistic cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek manufacturers couldn’t compete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Greek youth emigrated – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their farms grew back into wilderness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 146 B.C. most city-states were under Roman control </li></ul></ul>

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