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Alcoholic Liver Disease PPT.


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Alcoholic Liver Disease PPT.

  1. 1. By Juan Lona Period 6; 9 th Grade Biology
  2. 2. Standards <ul><li>1h Students know most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and organisms are synthesized from a small collection of simple precursors. </li></ul><ul><li>9g Students know the homeostatic role of the kidneys in the removal of nitrogenous wastes and the role of the liver in blood detoxification and glucose balance. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Ethanol :(also known as drinking alcohol) is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid. </li></ul><ul><li>Liver-a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five lobes and functioning in the secretion of bile and various metabolic processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Fatty Liver-an abnormal condition of the liver that is characterized by lipid accumulation in the hepatocytes to the extent that lipids account </li></ul><ul><li>Metabolism- is the set of chemical reactions that happens in the cell of living organisms to sustain life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alcohol Beverage, what is it? <ul><li>Alcohol Beverage is a drink that contains ethanol. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Alcohol Beverage is divided into 3 general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How Rapidly Does Alcohol Flow in Your Body? <ul><li>In the blood stream, from the stomach, alcohol is absorb between 5-10 min. </li></ul><ul><li>After absorbing alcohol people would feel clumsy, increase in emotional reactions, having double vision, loss of balanced, nausea, and an impression of the room spinning. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Females absorb alcohol faster than males because their bodies contains less water. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Problems With Alcohol Beverages <ul><li>Alcohol Beverages are being consumed every day, but consuming to much can bring problems. </li></ul><ul><li>An example would be alcoholic liver disease ( cirrhosis ), heart disease, cancer, and strokes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Alcoholic Liver Disease <ul><li>Alcoholic liver disease (ALD)  is a disease that goes through the hepatic manifestations of alcohol, fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and chronic hepatitis . In other words it is cirrhosis. </li></ul><ul><li>So how is alcoholic liver disease develop? </li></ul><ul><li>It is develop of years of drinking. This may cause swelling and inflammation in the liver. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Liver <ul><li>The liver is the largest and most important organ in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The jobs that the liver makes for example are changing food into energy and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Liver <ul><li>Also, the liver is used for controlling hormone levels, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol levels. </li></ul><ul><li>The liver also produces(makes) a lot of Proteins. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Proteins <ul><li>Proteins are biochemical compounds. In other words, they are natural polymer molecules consisting of amino acid units. </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins are helpful in our everyday life. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Amino Acids <ul><li>Amino Acids are building blocks of proteins and as metabolism. </li></ul><ul><li>Humans produce about 10 to 20 amino acids. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cirrhosis <ul><li>Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver. Scar tissue forms because of injury or long-term disease. Scar tissue cannot do what healthy liver tissue does - make protein, help fight infections, clean the blood, help digest food and store energy. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Symptoms <ul><li>General symptoms include: </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain and tenderness </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth and increased thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite (food). </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling or fluid buildup in the legs and in the abdomen when cirrhosis is present </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul>
  14. 15. Teens and Alcohol Beverages <ul><li>According to scientist, Alcohol is the “2 nd ” cause of dementia. </li></ul><ul><li>This also worries them because of how teen alcohol abuse is rising and could have possible negative health effects ( Teen Drug Abuse ). </li></ul><ul><li>A study of the British Medical Association(BMA) states that “ there’s a rise in the proportion of 11-15 year-olds that drink alcohol regularly” ( Teen Drug Abuse) . </li></ul>
  15. 16. Teens and Alcohol Beverages <ul><li>This is dangerous especially during your transition to adolescence. </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that if you drink during your adolescence, may cause “key process of brain development.” </li></ul><ul><li>Teen should be careful on consuming alcohol because they may cause the following: </li></ul>
  16. 17. Causes by Teen Alcohol Abuse <ul><li>Drinking and driving </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>High-Risk Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Assault </li></ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>It is Important that we should not be consuming to much alcohol to our bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>But just with one drink, you are already damaging your liver. Even if you don’t feel it, or that it looks fine. But in the inside is where it’s being damage, little by little by the alcohol beverage that’s being consumed. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Summary <ul><li>Furthermore, alcohol beverages contain what ’ s called ethanol. Problems that alcohol beverages bring is alcoholic liver disease (cirrhosis), heart disease, and cancer. The liver is the most important organ in the body. In the liver, it makes proteins. Proteins are molecules consisting of amino acids. Teens should be careful when consuming alcohol. So stay safe and be careful on how much you consume alcohol. You never what will one small drink will bring to you. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Doctor’s Corner <ul><li>Wikipedia Encyclopedia(Nov.19 th , 2011) Alcohol Beverage . Nov. 20 th , 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>United States National Library of Medicine(January 31 st , 2012) Liver Disease. Feb 5 th 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia On-line Encyclopedia(11:46 Nov. 5 th , 2011) Protein. . Nov. 17 th , 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>United States National Library of Medicine(Dec. 13 th , 2010) Alcoholic Liver Disease . . Nov. 18 th ,2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Help LLC. The Health Effects of Teen Alcohol Use. . Feb. 4 th ,2012 </li></ul>