Class twelve


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Review of Chapter 10 Writing to Persuade, and final "Hero/Advocate" paper details

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Class twelve

  1. 1. HERO/ADVOCATE UNIT Hero/Advocate Essay: Details Chapter 10: Writing To Persuade— Review Examples: Topic Generation Non-Fiction Rough Draft: Editing/ Peer Review
  2. 2. Hero/ Advocate UnitDETAILS: LAST PAPER!!!!!!!! Using the same template we used for our other assignments (MAJOR), word- processed, 5-page, 6 source MLA style paper-- based either on a “Hero” (a person who is well documented, and has historical significance— but is not without controversy), or for you to be an “advocate” of an issue,either pro/con.
  3. 3. Hero/ Advocate UnitDUE: 7995 -- April 22 (Last Day of Class) 7766—April 27 (Last Day ofClass) … 100 Points … Minimum Word Count: 1000. Hero Describe: Deeds Evaluate: Consequences Advocate Describe: Issue Evaluate: Pros/ Cons
  4. 4. Hero/ Advocate UnitHERO: Describe: Early—Mid—Late Life; Influences; Defining Moments(When did our Hero decide to commit to the task they are known for?When did our Hero accomplish their task(s)?) Consequences: How hasthe accomplishment changed the field they contributed to? Is theaccomplishment still relevant?ADVOCATE: Describe: The issue you are taking on; how does it affectpeople? How many people? What is the fallout from this issue (cost oflives, cost in $$)? What solutions are people looking at, and whatachievements have been made? Is there a solution? What are (or were)the barriers to the solution? What is the consequence of the issue beingsolved (not solved)?
  5. 5. Hero/ Advocate Unit Examples: Hunter S. Thompson: Interview on anniversary of 9/11: Part 2: 9/11 Part 3: Wikipedia entry: Hunter Thompson’s “masterpiece” is considered by most to be ahumorist: “Fear And Loathing In Las Vegas” , a drug addled road trip to the lurid canvas of Las Vegas, a journalist whose vision was cemented into our culture with his “gonzo” viewpoint.
  6. 6. Hero/ Advocate UnitHunter discusses his pet subject, (and one he wrote most passionatelyabout): politics. His books “Fear And Loathing On The Campaign Trail”,“Generation of Swine”, and myriad other writings. Films have beenmade about him, but have emphasized the “druggy, crazy” aspect ofThompson.Notable Quotes: "While Tom Wolfe mastered the technique of being a flyon the wall, Thompson mastered the art of being a fly in the ointment.“• In a letter to William Kennedy, Thompson confided that he was "coming to view the free enterprise system as the single greatest evil in the history of human savagery“.• "Im never sure which one people expect me to be. Very often, they conflict — most often, as a matter of fact. ...Im leading a normal life and right along side me there is this myth, and it is growing and mushrooming and getting more and more warped. When I get invited to, say, speak at universities, Im not sure if they are inviting Duke or Thompson. Im not sure who to be."
  7. 7. Hero/ Advocate UnitExamples: “He told me 25 years ago that he would feel real trapped if hedidnt know that he could commit suicide at any moment. I dont know ifthat is brave or stupid or what, but it was inevitable. I think that the truth ofwhat rings through all his writing is that he meant what he said. If that isentertainment to you, well, thats OK. If you think that it enlightened you,well, thats even better. If you wonder if hes gone to Heaven or Hell, restassured he will check out them both, find out which one Richard MilhousNixon went to — and go there. He could never stand being bored. But theremust be Football too — and Peacocks..."[37]While the Washington Post was lamenting Nixons "lonely and depressed"state after being forced from the White House, Hunter wrote that [i]f therewere any such thing as true justice in this world, his [Nixons] rancid carcasswould be somewhere down around Easter Island right now, in the belly of ahammerhead shark. [29
  8. 8. Hero/ Advocate UnitAfter Nixons death in 1994, Thompson famously described him in RollingStone as a man who "could shake your hand and stab you in the back at thesame time" and said "his casket [should] have been launched into one ofthose open-sewage canals that empty into the ocean just south of LosAngeles. He was a swine of a man and a jabbering dupe of a president. [He]was an evil man—evil in a way that only those who believe in the physicalreality of the Devil can understand it.”Hunter was a contradiction, a rebel, an iconoclast, and a searing voice thatspoke against the power structures, and authoritarian mindset. The “myth”of the “druggy” Thompson, was true, but was not what will ultimately last ashis legacy.
  9. 9. Chapter 10: Writing To PersuadeExplicit arguments: “Discrimination at Large” (p.198)Jennifer Coleman tries to persuade people to change attitudes towardsheavy people; “such harassment should not be tolerated or perpetuatedby anyone who is sensitive and reasonable.”Implicit arguments: “OK So I’m Fat”(p. 201)He tries to persuade by humor, using his perceptions about the “superiorattitude” of thin people: not to reform his readers’ opinions or behavior.
  10. 10. Chapter 10: Writing To PersuadeLogos: LogicPathos: Emotional appealEthos: Ethics, or credibility or authority of the writer
  11. 11. Chapter 10: Writing To PersuadeAvoiding Logical Fallacies: (p. 419)Appeal to false authorityAppeal to fearAppeal to pityBandwagon AppealBegging the Question (circular reasoning)False analogy: false cause: false dilemmaHasty generalizationPersonal (“ad hominem”)Unqualified generalizationSlippery slope (domino theory)
  12. 12. Chapter 10: Writing To PersuadeIllustrations from the Text (p. 412) In the introduction: help readers see that there is a problem. Make sure you support your claims with plenty of evidence, analyzed fully. Anticipate your opponent’s objections, and counter them. Clarify your view as you provide reasons and analysis Offer a concession to your opponent that doesn’t undermine your argument and then use it as a way to strengthen your position. Use sound reasoning and avoid logical fallacies
  13. 13. Chapter 10: Writing To Persuade How do you appeal to your audience? What is the problem? What is the thesis? What are the supporting points? What are the strengths of the argument? Anticipate, and refute objections? What are the weaknesses? Any logical fallacies? Does the ending bring closure to the essay?
  14. 14. Good luck! Finish your Non-Fictionessay, and let’s wrap this semester UP!
  15. 15. …And don’t fall for any of the usualtricks by faulty reasoning… 