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ARTS AND CRAFT
OF LUZON
(HIGHLANDS AND
LOWLANDS)
ILOCOS REGION
AND CORDILLERA
ADMINISTRATIVE
REGION (CAR)
ILOCOS REGION
ARCHITECTURE
•Vigan is considered as the “Intramuros of the North”
•“Calle Crisologo”
•made up of adobe, bricks, lime, terracotta,
hardwood, floors, and windows of capiz shells
framed in wooden window panels.
ILOCOS REGION
TEXTILE
•“Abel Iloco”.
•comes from the root word “abel” which means
“to weave”
•Produced in wooden looms
ILOCOS REGION
TEXTILE
•“binakol” - represents the waves of the sea.
•They believe that these designs protect them
from bad spirits.
•are inspired by natural elements: patterns that
depict different landforms, colors of flowers and
vegetation, plain, zigzags, animal patterns,
ocean waves, or the glittering night sky.
ILOCOS REGION
POTTERY
•Burnay is unglazed earthen jar with a small
opening.
•It is used for storage of food
•The potters mix fine gravel, sand, and
ashes and fire the clay to make the
heavy and sturdy.
PANGASINAN
Bolinao mats made from buri or raffia
leaves, and the bamboo crafts (baskets,
furniture) of San Carlos.
CORDILLERA
ADMINISTRATIVE REGION
KALINGA
TEXTILE
•natives of Kalinga are skilled
weavers.
•characterized by red, white, yellow
stripes, and black geometrical
patterns.
KALINGA
TEXTILE
•Southern Kalinga - women wear the wrap-
around skirt or tapis called kain from
to thigh
•Northern Kalinga - wears saya, an ordinary
woman’s skirt covering the body from waist
to feet.
KALINGA
TEXTILE
• Meanings of colors in the textile:
• Red – Bravery Yellow - Sand
• Black - Soil or Land Green - Mountains
• White - Flowers of the coffee trees
KALINGA
BASKETRY
• The labba is a bowl-shaped basket made from rattan, with
sizes that vary from 20-150 cm in diameter.
KALINGA
TATOOING
• usually covers the chest and the arms that is
considered as clothing and decoration
• rite of passage from youth to adulthood, a mark of
heroism, and bravery, and status in the
KALINGA
TATOOING
• Apo Wang-Od is the last
“Mambabatok” or traditional Kalinga
Tattoo artist
• mixture of charcoal and water that is
tapped onto the skin through a
thorn end.
• CURSE OUTSIDE THE BLOODLINE
IFUGAO
SCULPTURE
• Bul’ul is a wooden structure that represents the rice granary
spirits.
• protect their rice fields from pestilence and to ask for an
abundant harvest.
• It is a carved-wooden human figure with simplified forms.
• dipped in the blood of pigs during a ritual called tunod, which
means “planting the seedlings in the soil”
• made of narra signifies wealth, happiness, and well-being to the
IFUGAO
ACCESSORIES
• The amulets of the Ifugaos are called lingling-o or dinumug
• made from jade, gold, copper, bronze, stone, and other
materials.
• fertility symbols worn around the neck.
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE
(ABRA)
TEXTILES
•Tingguians weave textiles for clothes and
blankets.
•horizontal stripes found in the edges (like those
in bankudo or wrap around skirt) or vertical
stripes in the center (found in the balwasi or
CAGAYAN
VALLEY
CAGAYAN RIVER
•Longest river in the Philippines
BATANES
IVATAN’S HOUSE
• The Ivatans are the people living in
in the Batanes group of islands.
• Their houses have unique
architectural forms made up of
limestones walls, reed, and cogon
roofs.
• The design and materials are
chosen because they are strong
enough to withstand the
numerous typhoons and
earthquakes.
ACCESSORIES
VAKUL AND SOOT
• head gear used
• to protect them from the
heat and the rains.
• soot – a rain cape that
covers the upper part of
the body down from the
neck
NUEVA VIZCAYA
ACCESSORIES
BAKWAT
•Gaddangs
after-
pregnancy belt
BULACAN
SINGKABAN
• local term for bamboo arches designed in
kayas or woodshavings. These are used as
decorative arches that adorn the entrance
of a barangay or town during fiestas and
other grand celebrations.
• “The bamboo, like the Filipino, will stand
up against the wind. It is stronger than
steel and harder than rock. The singkaban
is a manifestation of Filipino creativity in
transforming plain bamboo into a work of
art,” typhoons and earthquakes.
ACCESSORIES
JEWELRY INDUSTRY
• Meycauayan, Bulacan is
known for its jewelry
industry from gold, silvers,
and precious and semi-
precious stones, pearls, and
diamonds where most of it
was handmade.
PAROL
• Pampanga is known for
giant lanterns or parol. It
features dancing lights in
several shapes, and colors
that forms intricate
geometric patterns.
• The patterns change with
the rotation of a special
rotor that controls the lights
inside the parol.
LAGUNA
• “Woodcarving Capital of the
Philippines”.
• Their local term for
woodcarving is called ukit.
They usually produce
wooden religious images and
and wood panels with floral
designs and geometric
shapes.
RIZAL
• Angono in Rizal Province is considered
as the “Art Capital of the
Philippines”
• They are known for higantes – are big
papier-mache figures of humans that
represent farmers and fishermen.
• Higantes represent the hacienderos
during the Spanish colonial period.
The inhabitants of Angono paraded
these higantes on the streets to mock
the arrogant and cruel landlords.
• Higantes festival happens in every
nd rd
BATANGAS
•embroidered piña fabric,
made from the fibers of
pineapple and woven into
a costly fabric.
•The burda called calado,
are commonly in design
of leaves and flowers
BATANGAS
• Balisong is also known as a
butterfly knife. Its name derived
from “bali”, the Filipino term for
broken, and “sungay” which
means horn because it is a type
of knife that can be folded like a
fan.
• Balisong capital of the
Philippines”
• gained such renown for the
quality of their workmanship.
QUEZON
• The town of Lucban is famous for
the Pahiyas Festival celebrated
every May 15th to honor San
Isidro Labrador, the patron of all
farmers.
• During the festival, the people
decorate their houses with
products and colorful thin rice
wafers called kiping which is
made from glutinous rice that is
coated on mature leaves and

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Arts and craft of Luzon (Highlnds).pptx

  • 1. ARTS AND CRAFT OF LUZON (HIGHLANDS AND LOWLANDS)
  • 3. ILOCOS REGION ARCHITECTURE •Vigan is considered as the “Intramuros of the North” •“Calle Crisologo” •made up of adobe, bricks, lime, terracotta, hardwood, floors, and windows of capiz shells framed in wooden window panels.
  • 4.
  • 5. ILOCOS REGION TEXTILE •“Abel Iloco”. •comes from the root word “abel” which means “to weave” •Produced in wooden looms
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. ILOCOS REGION TEXTILE •“binakol” - represents the waves of the sea. •They believe that these designs protect them from bad spirits. •are inspired by natural elements: patterns that depict different landforms, colors of flowers and vegetation, plain, zigzags, animal patterns, ocean waves, or the glittering night sky.
  • 9. ILOCOS REGION POTTERY •Burnay is unglazed earthen jar with a small opening. •It is used for storage of food •The potters mix fine gravel, sand, and ashes and fire the clay to make the heavy and sturdy.
  • 10. PANGASINAN Bolinao mats made from buri or raffia leaves, and the bamboo crafts (baskets, furniture) of San Carlos.
  • 12. KALINGA TEXTILE •natives of Kalinga are skilled weavers. •characterized by red, white, yellow stripes, and black geometrical patterns.
  • 13. KALINGA TEXTILE •Southern Kalinga - women wear the wrap- around skirt or tapis called kain from to thigh •Northern Kalinga - wears saya, an ordinary woman’s skirt covering the body from waist to feet.
  • 14. KALINGA TEXTILE • Meanings of colors in the textile: • Red – Bravery Yellow - Sand • Black - Soil or Land Green - Mountains • White - Flowers of the coffee trees
  • 15. KALINGA BASKETRY • The labba is a bowl-shaped basket made from rattan, with sizes that vary from 20-150 cm in diameter.
  • 16. KALINGA TATOOING • usually covers the chest and the arms that is considered as clothing and decoration • rite of passage from youth to adulthood, a mark of heroism, and bravery, and status in the
  • 17. KALINGA TATOOING • Apo Wang-Od is the last “Mambabatok” or traditional Kalinga Tattoo artist • mixture of charcoal and water that is tapped onto the skin through a thorn end. • CURSE OUTSIDE THE BLOODLINE
  • 18.
  • 19. IFUGAO SCULPTURE • Bul’ul is a wooden structure that represents the rice granary spirits. • protect their rice fields from pestilence and to ask for an abundant harvest. • It is a carved-wooden human figure with simplified forms. • dipped in the blood of pigs during a ritual called tunod, which means “planting the seedlings in the soil” • made of narra signifies wealth, happiness, and well-being to the
  • 20. IFUGAO ACCESSORIES • The amulets of the Ifugaos are called lingling-o or dinumug • made from jade, gold, copper, bronze, stone, and other materials. • fertility symbols worn around the neck.
  • 21. MOUNTAIN PROVINCE (ABRA) TEXTILES •Tingguians weave textiles for clothes and blankets. •horizontal stripes found in the edges (like those in bankudo or wrap around skirt) or vertical stripes in the center (found in the balwasi or
  • 22.
  • 24. CAGAYAN RIVER •Longest river in the Philippines
  • 25. BATANES IVATAN’S HOUSE • The Ivatans are the people living in in the Batanes group of islands. • Their houses have unique architectural forms made up of limestones walls, reed, and cogon roofs. • The design and materials are chosen because they are strong enough to withstand the numerous typhoons and earthquakes.
  • 26. ACCESSORIES VAKUL AND SOOT • head gear used • to protect them from the heat and the rains. • soot – a rain cape that covers the upper part of the body down from the neck
  • 29.
  • 30. BULACAN SINGKABAN • local term for bamboo arches designed in kayas or woodshavings. These are used as decorative arches that adorn the entrance of a barangay or town during fiestas and other grand celebrations. • “The bamboo, like the Filipino, will stand up against the wind. It is stronger than steel and harder than rock. The singkaban is a manifestation of Filipino creativity in transforming plain bamboo into a work of art,” typhoons and earthquakes.
  • 31. ACCESSORIES JEWELRY INDUSTRY • Meycauayan, Bulacan is known for its jewelry industry from gold, silvers, and precious and semi- precious stones, pearls, and diamonds where most of it was handmade.
  • 32.
  • 33. PAROL • Pampanga is known for giant lanterns or parol. It features dancing lights in several shapes, and colors that forms intricate geometric patterns. • The patterns change with the rotation of a special rotor that controls the lights inside the parol.
  • 34.
  • 35. LAGUNA • “Woodcarving Capital of the Philippines”. • Their local term for woodcarving is called ukit. They usually produce wooden religious images and and wood panels with floral designs and geometric shapes.
  • 36. RIZAL • Angono in Rizal Province is considered as the “Art Capital of the Philippines” • They are known for higantes – are big papier-mache figures of humans that represent farmers and fishermen. • Higantes represent the hacienderos during the Spanish colonial period. The inhabitants of Angono paraded these higantes on the streets to mock the arrogant and cruel landlords. • Higantes festival happens in every nd rd
  • 37. BATANGAS •embroidered piña fabric, made from the fibers of pineapple and woven into a costly fabric. •The burda called calado, are commonly in design of leaves and flowers
  • 38. BATANGAS • Balisong is also known as a butterfly knife. Its name derived from “bali”, the Filipino term for broken, and “sungay” which means horn because it is a type of knife that can be folded like a fan. • Balisong capital of the Philippines” • gained such renown for the quality of their workmanship.
  • 39. QUEZON • The town of Lucban is famous for the Pahiyas Festival celebrated every May 15th to honor San Isidro Labrador, the patron of all farmers. • During the festival, the people decorate their houses with products and colorful thin rice wafers called kiping which is made from glutinous rice that is coated on mature leaves and