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  1. 1. James Andrew Buckner Sr. INT-675 Global Christianity June 14th2016 Unreached People Group
  2. 2. Alternate Names: I. Black Yi II. Liangshan Yi III. Northern Yi IV. Nosu Yi V. Sichuan Yi NUOSU
  3. 3. B E A U T I F U L C O U N T Y W I T H U N R E A C H E D P E O P L E
  4. 4. OVERVEIW: The Nosu are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group of China. Though classified by the Chinese government as a subgroup of the Yi, their languages are not typically intelligible with other Yi languages and the Nosu identify themselves as a separate people from other Yi subgroups. Most Nosu live in the mountains of northern Yunnan and southwest Sichuan where they labor as farmers and practice ethnic religions. 1. Peoples within this cluster: Nosu, Butuo; Nosu, Mangbu; Nosu, Shengzha; Nosu, Shuixi; Nosu, Tianba; Nosu, Xiaoliangshan; Nosu, Yinuo. 1. 1. T H E C H I N E S E G O V E R N M E N T A C K N O W L E D G E T H E Y I . . M A D E U P O F M A N Y G R O U P S O F P E O P L E T H A T S H A R E M U C H I N C O M M O N B U T M A N Y T I M E S D O N O T C O M M U N I C A T E W I T H E A C H O T H E R .
  5. 5. LOCATION: Sichuan and Yunnan provinces: over 40 counties mainly in Greater and Lesser Liangshan mountains.
  6. 6. A caste society “The distinction between Black Yi and White Yi has generally a social, not a geographical meaning. Black Yi refers to a caste of higher prestige in Nuosu society, and White Yi to castes of lower social prestige. This distinction is somehow misleading, at least when it is taken as being at the roots of a class system where 5 per cent of Black Yis would have ruled over the rest of the population, considered as their slaves. The Nuosu society was certainly a caste society, although its formative process is not clear. Nevertheless, the use of the expression slave society by media and most Han scholars alike the museum on Nuosu culture in Xichang is still called the Yi Slave Society Museum and is misleading in many ways”.2. 2. Benoît Vermander ngshan S O C I E T Y T O D A Y S T I L L S E E S T H E Y I P E O P L E A S A S L A V E S O C I E T Y .
  7. 7. Nuosu Religion Explained “The performance of rituals was authorized again at the beginning of the 1980s, and interest in the sacred books has since greatly increased. At the same time, Ma Xueliang and others were finally able to gather ethnographic materials on religious rituals and beliefs. The pioneering work of Bamo Ayi looks for the rationale behind the diversity of rituals. The Centre for the Study of Bimo Culture at Meigu is gathering and classifying the wealth of Bimo manuscripts to be found in this part of the Liangshan area”. 3. 3. Benoît Vermander I N 1 9 8 0 C H I N A A L L O W E D M O R E R E L I G I O U S F R E E D O M A N D T H E Y I P E O P L E I N C R E A S E D T H E I R I N T E R E S T I N P E R F O R M A N C E O F R I T U A L S
  8. 8. Religious Rituals Explained 1. protect their descendants instead of turning into hungry ghosts trying to take away the share of the living 2. protecting oneself against the ghosts, especially when one turns ill 3. and making decisions on the basis of divination
  9. 9. “Nuosu religion is characterized by the importance given to the written word. Bimos draw their authority from their knowledge of the written rituals and these written rituals possess an efficacy per se. This fact goes directly against what a primitive religion would supposedly be”. 4. “Nuosu religion is a local religion. Its evolutionary process can be analyzed in the light of the constantly evolving definition of Nuosu territory and identity”. 4. 4. BenoîtVermander shan N U O S U P E O P L E C A N B E C O N S I D E R E D A R E L I G I O N T H A T I S S H A R E D L O C A L L Y A N D N O T S H A R E D B Y O T H E R S A N Y W H E R E E L S E I N T H E W O R L D . R I T U A L S V A R Y D E P E N D I N G O N T H E T E R R I T O R Y .
  10. 10. Picture of a mythological hero on a horse or often used in rituals.
  11. 11. “Bimoism is the indigenous religion of the Yi people, the largest ethnic group in Yunnan after the Han Chinese. It takes its name from the bimo, shaman-priests who are also masters of Yi language and scriptures, wearing distinctive black robes and large hats”. 5 5.
  12. 12. “Yi worship the spirits of ancestors, fire, hills, trees, rocks, water, earth, sky, wind, and forests. Magic plays a major role in daily life through healing, exorcism, asking for rain, cursing enemies, blessing, divination and analysis of one's relationship with the spirits. They believe dragons protect villages against bad spirits, and demons cause diseases. However, the Yi dragon is neither similar to dragon in western culture nor the same as that in Han culture. After someone dies they sacrifice a pig or sheep at the doorway to maintain relationship with the deceased spirit”. 6. 6. Y I W O R S H I P I S V E R Y I M P O R T A N T T O T H E P E O P L E A S T H E Y S E E K T O K E E P P E A C E W I T H T H E S P I R I T S T H A T A R E A R O U N D T H E M .
  13. 13. “The Chinese government has grouped the Nisu, Nasu, Sani, Axi, Lolopo, Pu, and other peoples speaking more than six distinct languages with many dialects into a single group called the Yi. Because of this, a Yi may not be able to communicate with another Yi; and may or may not even agree that they both are Yi. Most Yi are farmers; herders of cattle, sheep and goats; and nomadic hunters. Only about one third of the Yi are literate. Most have no written language”. 7. 7.Jones, Jeb Y I ’ S M A Y S H A R E A L O T I N C O M M O N W I T H E A C H O T H E R Y E T T H E Y R E M A I N S O D I F F E R E N T F R O M E A C H O T H E R S .
  14. 14. Difficult Mission: • Many of the people are uneducated and can not read • Many of the population share very little language and can hardly understand each other. • The culture is orally oriented so most would not think of writing a letter or a set of procedures in Nuosu nor would they think of reading written instructions • The Nosu have trust issues and have high fences in their homes and villages to protect them from others as a reminder of there murderous and violent past. • They pride themselves on being tough, residual, and aggressive people. • Fear of harvests, rivers, numerous mountain deities, and spirits of war, among other things • In honor of their ancestors their beliefs are set in stone as reverence for their ancestors.
  15. 15. Introducing Christ: Jesus Christ is the only way to heaven and Jesus commissioned us to reach all people with the message of salvation. Even in this modern world in 2016 it may seem impossible that there are people in the world that have not heard of Jesus. The Nuosu people are made up of many groups of people that claim to be Nuosu yet many will not get along with other Nuosu people. The Nuosu many times have no written material and are unable to read so reaching them with bibles would be difficult. Each group of people share very little language and can not understand each other thus making it hard to reach everyone with Christ. Rituals that are preformed are their way of life and they believe that if they are not followed then bad things would happen to them. This would make it hard to introduce Christ to the Nuosu people because of the beliefs. Solution would be to find missionaries that would live among the Nuosu people and learn their ways. Live as an example of Christ to the people and in time the people would see that Christ can make a difference in their way of life. I N T R O D U C I N G C H R I S T I N M Y O W N W O R D S .
  16. 16. BIBLIOGRAPHY People Groups Nuosu: June 13th 2016, Accessed: June 14th 2016 Nuosu: May 2016 accessed: June 14th 2016 Vermander, Benoit: Yi’s religious system Accessed: June 14th 2016 Accessed: June 2016 Accessed: June14th 2016