The Research Process


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Outline of the Information Search Process

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The Research Process

  1. 1. St Paul’s School Parent Partnerships 23 August 2012 The Research Process Judy Bolton Middle School Librarian
  2. 2. Introduction Rename? Information Search Process “Research”: connotations of assignments, school-based tasks, assessment “Information Search”: explains use of process for ANYONE in ANY situation and for ANY purpose
  3. 3. WHY? "In the nonstop tsunami of global information, librarians provide us with floaties and teach us how to swim." Linton Weeks (Washington Post article, 13 January 2001, p. C01)Kendo’s photostreeam: Great Wave off Kanagawa, by Hokusai, 1823-1829. under CC Licence Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  4. 4. The Changing Face of Information in Education THEN: “Industrial model”: transmission of finite knowledge; gaps? ; limited sources
  5. 5.  NOW: “Inquiry / Constructivist model”: student based; needs driven; real-world problems and issues; limitless amounts and countless sources
  6. 6. Enter…. Information LiteracyWe need to teach students the skills ofinformation literacy: determining their need,locating sources to satisfy this need,evaluating and selecting from the material theyfind and reconfiguring the information gleanedinto a piece of new knowledge……… ……..The Information Search Process
  7. 7. One Model: Six Step Process Step 1: Define Step 2: Locate Step 3: Select Step 4: Organise Step 5: Present Step 6: Evaluate
  8. 8. Or better still ….. Cyclical, iterative….  htm
  9. 9. Step 1: DEFINE “What Do I Really Want to Find Out?” Relate the task to their learning Exactly what am I required to do? (write in own words) What are the key words and main ideas in the task? Formulate some Focus questions to investigate (“research” then becomes “hunting” for the answers!)
  10. 10. Step 2: LOCATE“Where Can I Access Information for THIS Task?” Connect to prior knowledge (KWL chart?) What do I already know and what else do I need to find out? Which source/s will be best? (electronic? print? objects? people? organisations?) Manageable size! Record details of sources used
  11. 11. Step 3: Select “What Information Do I Really Need?” Use key words and focus questions to skim and scan the resource to ascertain usefulness Assess credibility of source / bias / fact or opinion (NB: Back to Step 2?) Devise and practise a method of recording information (not just note taking!) and summarising Record quotations and sources of information
  12. 12. Step 4: Organise “How Can I Use this Information?” Do I have enough / too much information for my purpose? Consider the best way to combine the information How can the information be best organised to fit the required structure?
  13. 13. Step 5: Present “How Do I Need to Present the Information?” Take heed of task requirements OR choose most suitable method for purpose and considering audience Prepare Present
  14. 14. Step 6: Evaluate “What Did I Learn from This?” About the topic, but also about the process Assess personal strengths and weaknesses in information seeking Set goals for future encounters!
  15. 15. Is This All? This is the start – a “broad brush” overview Other associated skills and processes are taught as we go through eg Website evaluation when Locating Skimming and Scanning when Selecting
  16. 16. Where To…?Fabulous site explaining the research process in detail and regarding study skills in general: module regarding Information Literacy:“Kid-friendly”, colourful explanation of the process: similar model (The Big 6):
  17. 17. Image Sources1.Kendo’s photostream: Great Wave off Kanagawa, by Hokusai, 1823-1829. Licensed under CC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)2. Boston Public Library’s photostream: Bennett [sic] Street School - interior, shop class (teacher in front of classroom) Licensed under CC Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)3. Ludwig Gatzke’s photostream. Licensed under CC Attribution-Non- Commercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Germany