Japanese ceramics


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by Huang Julian

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Japanese ceramics

  1. 1. Basic Intro to Ceramics1. CLAY PREPARATION2. WEDGING3. FORMING4. DRYING5. LEATHERHARD6. GREENWARE7. BISQUE FIRING ≈ 1800 degrees F8. GLAZING9. GLAZE FIRING ≈ 2350 degrees F10. OVERGLAZE FIRING ≈ 1300 degrees F• Extra term: Kiln
  2. 2. Jōmon Pottery: 14,000 BC - 300 BC• The earliest in Japanese pottery history• The word Jōmon means “Cord design”• The earthenware pots were made with a coil technique
  3. 3. Yayoi Pottery: 400 BC - AD 250• Often made with finer grained clay allowing it to have thinner walls• It was often decorated with a comb pattern.• Earthenware• comb pattern
  4. 4. Seto & The Six Old Kilns Muromachi Pottery: 1333 - 1573• The six old kilns in the vicinity of Seto are Bizen, Echizen, Seto, Shigaraki, Tanba and Tokoname• Seto pottery is known for its ash glaze• stoneware
  5. 5. Shigaraki Ware• In many cases the results are more aesthetically pleasing than a planned design.
  6. 6. Mino Ware Momoyama Period: 1573-1603• white or gray glaze often with rust colored highlights and an orange peel textured surface called citrine skin• tea and water vessels in the tea ceremony• Shino ware is hand built, not thrown on the wheel
  7. 7. Oribe Style• Geometric patterns depicting animals every day objects• Dark green on a white background• used for food
  8. 8. Japanese Porcelain, Imari Ware Edo Period: 1603 - 1867• The wares came to Japan from Korea rather than China• Korean potters introduced Yi Dynasty porcelain to Japan• Japanese production was heavily influenced by Ming (1368-1644) Porcelain• Arita
  9. 9. Chawan - Japanese Tea Bowls
  10. 10. Pottery Towns• Mashiko, Tokyo• Mino• Tokoname• Seto (Akazu)• Kanazawa• Echizen• Kyoto• Shigaraki• Hagi Brizen• Arita
  11. 11. Traditional Culture Relationships• The Tea Ceremony – The close relation with the earthenware. [Chaki (tea caddies used in the tea ceremony) are considered a major component of ceramic art]• Bonsai – Japanese Garden Art – The containers are called “bonsai pots”, that are used for traditional Japanese garden art.
  12. 12. Ceramics• Ceramics are not merely functional objects and tea is not merely a beverage to drink. Both have deep ties to spirituality in Japan and other Asian countries that practice the tea ceremony, such as China and Korea.
  13. 13. Glazes that were inspired by Japanese Pottery• Japanese ceramics have inspired modern non-Japanese potters to develop glazes based of the traditional Japanese pottery style• Popular glazes – Oribe – Celadon – Tenmoku
  14. 14. Oribe Glaze
  15. 15. Celadon Glaze
  16. 16. Tenmoku Glaze
  17. 17. Most Well Known Potters• Shoji Hamada (1894-1978)• Takashi Nakasato (Son of Takashi Nakasato)• Ogata Kenzan (Shu)
  18. 18. Shoji Hamada