Successfully reported this slideshow.
How Safe Are You On The Road? Juwita bt. Radzi Nor Ashikin bt. Teh Hisham b. Bakar Nur Waheeda bt. Ismail
<ul><li>Clouded Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Ignoring Prevailing Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to focus, caused by the intake of substance that results drowsiness or sl...
<ul><li>Clouded   Thinking (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>b) Drugs/Medication : </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine that caused drowsin...
<ul><li>Ignoring Prevailing Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to notice existing conditi...
<ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of attention or focus caused by tiredness or othe...
<ul><li>Tailgating </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>To follow a vehicle too closely and in a dangerous mann...
<ul><li>Running Amber Traffic Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>The failure to slow down to ready to ...
<ul><li>Failing to Stop or Give Way </li></ul><ul><li>Asia-motorist failed to heed basic road rules </li></ul><ul><li>1 ca...
<ul><li>Impatience to Overtake </li></ul><ul><li>Following slow vehicles along narrow winding roads can lead to frustratio...
<ul><li>Driving Without Seatbelts </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of respondents admitted not wearing seatbelts </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
CAR SAFETY <ul><li>Tyres </li></ul><ul><li>Braking System </li></ul><ul><li>Seatbelts & Airbags </li></ul>
Car Safety <ul><li>Tyres </li></ul><ul><li>Important component </li></ul><ul><li>Navigate the car and carries the car load...
<ul><li>Tyres (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Front tyres wear faster than the rear tyres </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Braking System </li></ul><ul><li>Brake enable the car to stop </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of brakes- disc brake (f...
Car Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Seatbelts and Airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Started with the idea for a system that would restrain...
Air bags – designed to be used with seat belts
Reducing injuries by spreading the force over a larger area Figure 1 When a body hits the steering wheel directly, the for...
Reducing injuries by spreading the force over a larger area Figure 2 When a body is restrained by an airbag, the force of ...
Car Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Other Safety Features </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder strap counts </li></ul><ul><li>-look for a ve...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVE CAREFULLY </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Safety

1,883 views

Published on

Presentation

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Safety

  1. 1. How Safe Are You On The Road? Juwita bt. Radzi Nor Ashikin bt. Teh Hisham b. Bakar Nur Waheeda bt. Ismail
  2. 2. <ul><li>Clouded Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Ignoring Prevailing Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Tailgating </li></ul><ul><li>Running The Amber Traffic Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Failing to Stop or Give Way </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Lanes Without Looking </li></ul><ul><li>Impatience To Overtake </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the White Lines to “Look Around” the Vehicle in Front </li></ul><ul><li>Driving Without Seatbelts </li></ul>Driver’s Common Mistake
  3. 3. <ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to focus, caused by the intake of substance that results drowsiness or slows down the brain functions </li></ul><ul><li>Substances which can affect driver’s performance: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>b) Drugs/Medication </li></ul><ul><li>a) Alcohol : </li></ul><ul><li>A sip? A glass? A bottle? Quantity doesn’t matter! </li></ul><ul><li>Slows down the brain functions </li></ul><ul><li>Impossible to concentrate/focus </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Don’t take alcohol before driving </li></ul><ul><li>- The safest blood alcohol level = ZERO </li></ul><ul><li>Clouded Thinking </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Clouded Thinking (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>b) Drugs/Medication : </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine that caused drowsiness and dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Drug Intake = Multiple Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Over-The-Counter Medicine vs Natural Remedy </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Avoid taking medicines before driving </li></ul><ul><li>- Avoid taking drugs/ medicine with alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>- Take time-off! Rest and recuperate </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Ignoring Prevailing Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to notice existing conditions and the actions to be taken to manage such situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Ignored Factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Limit </li></ul><ul><li>Road Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Slow down when it rains </li></ul><ul><li>Driving right on sunrise or sunset </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>- Recognise the importance of prevailing factors and conditions </li></ul><ul><li>- Identify appropriate actions to handle and manage the conditions </li></ul><ul><li>- Use extreme caution </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of attention or focus caused by tiredness or other distracting factors. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Tiredness: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of sleep, Mentally and physically stressed, Long journey trips </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes in one-fifth of all fatal or serious road accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue crashes = Severe crashes </li></ul><ul><li>Few seconds of ‘dreamland bliss’ can turn to ‘horrible nightmare crash’ </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Signs of Drowsy Driving </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>- Listen to your body and take a break </li></ul><ul><li>- Long journey trips on highways: Use Rest & Service Ares or Lay-Bys </li></ul><ul><li>b) Distracting factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Using hand-held mobile phones - talking or sending text messages </li></ul><ul><li>Changing radio stations, Checking out a cute car next to you, Eating </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>- Concentrate, concentrate, concentrate!!! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Tailgating </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>To follow a vehicle too closely and in a dangerous manner </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Rear-enders’ make up a large proportion of motor vehicle collisions </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the signs of aggressive drivers </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when you are confronted by an aggressive driver? </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>- Do not hog the Lane!! </li></ul><ul><li>- Patience and courtesy can lead to a safe journey! </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Running Amber Traffic Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>The failure to slow down to ready to stop whenever amber traffic lights flashes </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous and futile behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated traffic lights </li></ul><ul><li>To stop or not to stop? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the reason for hurrying up is worth dying for? </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>- Slow down whenever you see yellow lights </li></ul><ul><li>- Traffic Lights with ‘countdown timer’ </li></ul><ul><li>- Be sensible and always think of the safety of yourself as well as others </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Failing to Stop or Give Way </li></ul><ul><li>Asia-motorist failed to heed basic road rules </li></ul><ul><li>1 case in Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Safety tips </li></ul><ul><li>- always check traffic conditions & give way </li></ul><ul><li>- Rubrico explain – stop sign where it is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Lanes Without Looking </li></ul><ul><li>Noriel Tigloa case </li></ul><ul><li>Lost in ‘blind spot’ if mirrors aren’t aligned correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Safety tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Check first to see the lane was clear </li></ul><ul><li>- To be aware of cars trying to overtake </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Impatience to Overtake </li></ul><ul><li>Following slow vehicles along narrow winding roads can lead to frustration if in a hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Safety tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Constant pressure </li></ul><ul><li>- Allow sufficient time for your journey </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the White Lines to “Look Around” the Vehicle in Front </li></ul><ul><li>Still behind someone? </li></ul><ul><li>Need to look past it to see if the road ahead is clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Safety tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Have to look around the vehicle ahead is simply move back </li></ul><ul><li>- Sit back 75 to 100mm and you can see the road ahead with your wheels barely on the dividing line </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Driving Without Seatbelts </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of respondents admitted not wearing seatbelts </li></ul><ul><li>The proper use of seatbelts has saved many lives </li></ul><ul><li>Non seatbelts are at far greater risk of serious injury than those wearing seatbelts </li></ul><ul><li>Safety tips </li></ul><ul><li>- Make it a habit or family rule not to start your car until everyone belted up </li></ul>
  12. 12. CAR SAFETY <ul><li>Tyres </li></ul><ul><li>Braking System </li></ul><ul><li>Seatbelts & Airbags </li></ul>
  13. 13. Car Safety <ul><li>Tyres </li></ul><ul><li>Important component </li></ul><ul><li>Navigate the car and carries the car load </li></ul><ul><li>Four crucial tyre maintenance factors to look for </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>- Adjusting the angles of the wheel so that they at the right angles and parallel to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause tyre to wear, wandering on straight level road </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing </li></ul><ul><li>Allow the tyres and wheels to spin without causing vibration </li></ul><ul><li>To overcome vibration, measured lead weight will be placed on the heavy spot on wheel-tyre combination </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Tyres (Cont’d) </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Front tyres wear faster than the rear tyres </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven tyre thickness will give you uneven braking and poor handling </li></ul><ul><li>Rotate the rear tyre to the front and replace the rear wheel with new pair </li></ul><ul><li>Tread </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose? To enable the tyres to grip on to the road surface </li></ul><ul><li>2mm tread depth – minimum requirement </li></ul><ul><li>If tread wear off? Cause the car to slide and driver unable to control the car during raining condition </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Braking System </li></ul><ul><li>Brake enable the car to stop </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of brakes- disc brake (front) and drum brake (rear) </li></ul><ul><li>Each brake connected to brake pedal through tubes containing brake fluid </li></ul><ul><li>- When pedal pressed, brake fluid will force brake pads (disc brakes) and brake lining (drum brake) to clamp the disc or lining to stop the wheels </li></ul><ul><li>Check brake pads (disk brake) and brake shoe (drum brake), avoid wear out which cause the car to poor braking </li></ul><ul><li>Check brake fluid, make sure it is pure brake oil and not water </li></ul><ul><li>ABS? Anti-locking Braking System </li></ul><ul><li>ABS prevent the brakes from locking so that the car does not skid </li></ul>
  16. 16. Car Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Seatbelts and Airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Started with the idea for a system that would restrain automobile drivers and passengers in an accident, whether or not they were wearing their seat belts. </li></ul><ul><li>Airbags commonly available since the late 1980’s. First invented in 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>FACTS </li></ul><ul><li>An airbag can injure or kill in some circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger need to be seated properly to reduce the severity of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Children to ride at the backseat </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to be used with seat belts so please BUCKLE UP </li></ul>
  17. 17. Air bags – designed to be used with seat belts
  18. 18. Reducing injuries by spreading the force over a larger area Figure 1 When a body hits the steering wheel directly, the force of this impact is distributed over a small area of the body – resulting injuries to this area (in red)
  19. 19. Reducing injuries by spreading the force over a larger area Figure 2 When a body is restrained by an airbag, the force of the impact is distributed over a much larger area of the body – resulting in less severe injuries (in orange)
  20. 20. Car Safety (Cont’d) <ul><li>Other Safety Features </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder strap counts </li></ul><ul><li>-look for a vehicle with a lap & shoulder belt for every seat </li></ul><ul><li>Back seat designs </li></ul><ul><li>Door locks and window overrides </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVE CAREFULLY </li></ul>

×