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Vermont Recent Suicide Data 118 Deaths vs 44,966 Deaths

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Vermont Opioid/Drug Related Fatalities with Suicide Statistics:
https://www.sevendaysvt.com/OffMessage/archives/2019/02/14/opioid-deaths-rise-in-vermont-but-plummet-in-chittenden-county

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Vermont Recent Suicide Data 118 Deaths vs 44,966 Deaths

  1. 1. Current Suicide Data in Vermont Tom Delaney, PhD September 27, 2018
  2. 2. Suicide Deaths in Vermont and the United States US 2016 - 44,966 deaths - 10th leading cause -Males ~3 times more likely to die by suicide than females -Firearms involved with approx. 51% of deaths VT 2016 -118 deaths -8th leading cause -Males ~4 times more likely to die by suicide than females -Firearms involved with approx. 59% of deaths
  3. 3. Vermont and US Suicide Death Rates, 2005-2016 (per 100,000 people) 12.6 13.0 14.3 15.1 13.9 16.9 19.2 13.9 17.9 19.8 16.5 18.9 11.0 11.2 11.5 11.9 12.0 12.4 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.4 13.8 13.9 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Deathsper100,000ofpopulation VT US Linear (VT) Linear (US) Over the past 5 years, Vermont's suicide death rate has averaged about 30% higher than the US rate. Source: CDC WISQARS
  4. 4. Suicide in the United States
  5. 5. Population Correlates of High Vermont Suicide Rates Consistently ranked as of the three healthiest US states, BUT… • High rates of binge drinking – 17% in past month for adults • High rates of firearm ownership & easy purchase of firearms (Kalesan et al., 2015) • Rural population – 2nd most rural in Northeastern US • Older population –17.6% aged 65 and over (4th highest in US) • 35% higher than national percent of adults who are veterans • High proportion of White non-Hispanic population
  6. 6. Gender, Age and Suicide 25 33 37 45 6 10 11 0 10 20 30 40 50 15 - 24 25 - 44 45 - 64 65 + VT Death Rates per 100,000 VT males VT females 18 25 29 32 5 7 10 5 0 10 20 30 40 50 15 - 24 25 - 44 45 - 64 65 + US Death Rates per 100,000 US males US females Based on WISQARS 2013-2016 VT and US data, age adjusted.
  7. 7. 21 18 25 18 19 20 17 15 15 17 19 19 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85+ Deathsper100,000 Age Ranges Older Adult Suicide Death Rates VT and US (2012-2016) VT US Source: CDC WISQARS
  8. 8. Trends in Vermont and US Youth and Young Adult Suicide Deaths 0 5 10 15 20 25 rates: 00-02 rates: 03-05 rates: 06-08 rates: 09-11 rates: 12-14 Deathsper100,000population VT and US Youth and Young Adult Suicide Death Rates (3 Year Bins) 2000-2014 VT age 20-24 US age 20-24 VT age 10-19 US age 10-19
  9. 9. Suicide Attempts in Youth and Young Adults CDC estimates 12 self-injury ED/hospital visits for every death by suicide in the US. 25 : 1 attempts to deaths in young people 4 : 1 attempts to deaths in elderly Many attempts do not receive medical attention. Estimate of medically serious youth attempts in VT: 375 annually
  10. 10. Vermont Suicide Deaths Vary with Geography and Demographics 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 GrandIsle Orleans Essex Addison Chittenden Windsor Rutland Franklin Caledonia Bennington Washington Windham Orange Lamoille 2012 - 2014 Death Rates per 100,000 residents, by VT County
  11. 11. Summary ● Vermont suicide death rates higher than US rates  Increasing faster than US rates in recent years  Correlated with a variety of population risk factors ● Males, middle aged and elderly have highest numbers of deaths, and at highest risk ● Attempts are more frequent (but mortality is lower) among younger people ● Vermont youth showing increasing trends in suicide ideation and attempts in recent years ● Multiple sub-populations in VT at elevated risk compared to general population
  12. 12. THANK YOU!!! Questions/Comments: Tom Delaney thomas.delaney@uvm.edu

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