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PORTFOLIO+CV_IVAN STANIVUK 2017

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PORTFOLIO+CV_IVAN STANIVUK 2017

  1. 1. IVANSTANIVUK AARCHPORTFOLIO I VV AA N SS TT A NN II VV UU KK DIPL.-ING.
  2. 2. I V A N S T A N I V U K www.ivanstanivuk.com stanivuk.i@gmail.com +43 (0)650 690 2959 Graz, Austria 2005-2014 Mar. 2005 2010-2011 June 2004 UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY GRAZ (TUG), Architecture Department Graz, Austria (Master/Diploma degree) Pre-study courses: Supplementary examination in Ger- man language THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG (CUHK), Shatin N.T., Hong Kong SAR, Architecture Department (Master of Architecture M.Arch.) UNIVERSITY OF SARAJEVO, Faculty of Architecture Sarajevo, BiH education May 2014 June 2012 “CHRONOLOGICAL/ARCOLOGICAL SKYSCRAPER HONG KONG”Graz, Austria, Ivan Stanivuk, 2014, 251 p. Diplom Thesis “LINKS AND HUBS” Edited by Esther Lorenz, Master School of Architecture CUHK, Hong Kong, 2012,143 p Studio Research awards publications Mar. 2016 Nov.2015 Aug.2015 WOHNBEBAUUNG REININGHAUS GRAZ / QUARTIER 7 Finalist; 3.Prize (Arch.DI Helmut Zieseritsch Team) Arch.Competition WOHNBEBAUUNG LEOBEN-GÖSS/STEIGTALSTRASSE Finalist; 2.Prize (Arch.DI Helmut Zieseritsch Team) Arch.Competition CONRAD V. HÖTZENDORFS./FRÖHLICHGASSE GRAZ Finalist; 4.Prize (Zieseritsch/Parvanov Team) Arch.Competition Nov. 2016 present Sep. 2015 Oct. 2016 Aug. 2015 present June 2010 Aug. 2015 IVAN STANIVUK STUDIO (FOUNDER) http://www.ivanstanivuk.com architecture & interior design, planning & development, arch.visual- ization & 3d modeling, brand design, tech.documentation, research ARCHITEKT DI HELMUT ZIESERITSCH ZIV.TECHNIKER GmbH (ARCHITECT) http://www.zieseritsch.at/ architecture design, interior design, planning & development of resi- dential /commercial projects, urban design, architectural visualization & 3d modeling, tech.documentation, research KAO STUDIO (FOUNDING PARTNER) http://www.kao-studio.com Architecture + Design Agency. FREELANCE (ARCHITECT/DESIGNER) architecture & interior design, planning & development, architectural visualization & 3d modeling, brand design, tech.documentation work experience ADVANCED GOOD AUTOCAD, GOOGLE SKETCHUP, VRAY ADOBE PHOTOSHOP, ADOBE INDESIGN, ADOBE ILLUSTRA- TOR, COREL DRAW, MS OFFICE HAND MODELING, HAND DRAFTING, LASER CUTTING RHINOCEROS, ARCHICAD, REVIT football, design, art, travelling, music, hiking, running, photography, tennis, fitness, movies skills NATIVE FLUENT CROATIAN, BOSNIAN, SERBIAN ENGLISH, GERMAN (full professional proficiency) languages & hobbies [ ]IS DIPL.-ING.
  3. 3. In this book, you will have the chance to see the compilation of my chosen work from 2011 to 2016, and some of my main techniques and skills.
  4. 4. HYPER ICONNECTED HONG KONG, CHINA /01 /02 /03 THE LIST OF CONTENTS NEW LIVING LEOBEN, AUSTRIA Q7 - REININGHAUS GRAZ, AUSTRIA /04 HOUSE_S07 GRAZ, AUSTRIA
  5. 5. /06/05 RIVER SIDE KAPFENBERG, AUSTRIA POSTGARAGE GRAZ, AUSTRIA /09 HOUSE_S SÖDING, AUSTRIA HOUSE_Z SARAJEVO, BIH VERTICAL CITY HONG KONG, CHINA /07 /08 /10 HOUSE_D GLEISDORF,AUSTRIA
  6. 6. MATAUWAIMATAUWAI
  7. 7. HYPERICONNECTED PLAYGROUND PROJECT: LOCATION: DATE: Subway Station, multifunctional Tower, elevated park Ma Tau Wai Rd., Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR. 2011, Academical Research _station EXIT A
  8. 8. MA TAU WAI AREA Ma Tau Wai area is complex and narrow area, wiht high density residential program, and busy street life in between of road intersections. It lacks functional diversity and public open spaces. The new train station needs to be underground box to fit under Ma Tau Wai Road. The new Ma Tau Wai Station is linked in the MTR subway network line, called “Shatin to Central link (SCL).” This plan was proposed by MTR Company and it should be strategic infrastructure development for the community, which connects several districts of the Hong Kong City (New Territories - East Kowloon - Hong Kong Island). This proposal envisions a new kind of infrastructure which together with underground station forms a vertical loop and offers a multitude of programs and a diversity of public spaces. This area has narrow and compact urban fabric, with mostly high density residential program, intersected whit Ma Tau Wai Road and elevated high speed Kowloon City Road. This area is still sentimental and romantic, probably one of the last unchanged areas in Kowloon, or simply some can recognize Kowloon side of Hong Kong as it was 30 years ago, in the era of Wall City before is demolished. Street level is very alive, packed with small different stores whit goods, food, clothing, Chinese style restaurants and bakeries. RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION SPORT AND RECREATIONAL COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL OFFICES r 0.8 km GOVERNMENT INFRASTRUCTURE TOWER 01
  9. 9. EXIT C KIANG SU STREET EXIT A _TOWER 01 _SECTION TOWER 01
  10. 10. MA TAU WAI STATION A. CONCOURSE C. PLATFORM II B. PLATFORM I STATION TECHNICAL/CONTROL ROOMS COMMERCIAL ZONE EXIT C EXIT B a a EXIT A STATION ZONE TRANSFER ZONE TRAIN ZONE MA TAU WAI Station has five Exits I Entrances. It is underground box, build from two Platforms and Concourse level. Reason for two Platforms is in fewer places to have two train lines in one Platform. Main aim for Station design was to bring natural light inside, and to design column less structure station. Castellated beams struc- ture with hexagonal openings is holding whole station in 32 axes. Station is 17.5 m wide and 305 m long. In Concourse level there are Costumers area, Transfer area, Technical rooms, Control room, Costumer service, Shops and Tea/Coffee corner. Concourse level is connected whit ground level whit escalators. Tree elevators are connecting station whit towers and elevated open area. Trough the middle of station there are light wells, providing natural lightning in Concourse level. a a a a EXIT D EXIT E VOID
  11. 11. _SECTIONSTATION 2. 1. 1. light-well 2. elevator in paid area of station 3. four long escalators (connecting concourse with platform II) 4. twelwe escalators (connecting concourse+platform+platform II) C. A. 3. 4. 4. B.
  12. 12. 02 New Residential Area in Reininghaus - Quartier 7 Graz, Austria 3.Prize, Competition 2016 PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE: Q7-REININGHAUS RESIDENTIAL AREA 02
  13. 13. _FIRST FLOORPLAN
  14. 14. SECTION B-B FUNCTIONALDIAGRAMS
  15. 15. ELEVATION 02 SECTION C-C
  16. 16. SIMPLE LINES HOUSE_S07 PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE: Two Apartments, Garage and Swimming pool Schnabelweg 07, 8054 Webling, Graz Arch.Design, Interior Design, Tech. Execution Planning, Tech.Doc., Project Management COMPLETED 2014-2015
  17. 17. A very narrow, 703 m2 construction site, with utilization coefficient of min. 0.2 - max. 0.3. The investors were demanding the maximum use of space and the biggest possible area of the building. To make matters more complex, the site was located in a protected “green” zone for which the special regulations were in place, i.e. 70% of the ground had to remain under the green belt. The land was sloped downward, oriented north to south. From east, the view extended to the surrounding hills and woods, from west, the view was set on the castle of St.Martin, and from south, the view extended towards the city of Graz. Effective architectural solution is to utilize the terrain that is sloped downward and build with cascading technique. Two apartments were built, Top 2 with the 100m2 and Top 1 with 110m2, spacious terraces with 72m2 (Top1) and 100m2 (Top2), and an underground garage where for each user 2 parking spaces and storage was se- cured. Both apartments have direct exit to separate parts of the garden, and the user from Top 1 apartment has a private swimming pool. The roof is level to the ground, and because of the regulation in the green zone, it was built with intense green cover of 50 cm. Parcel utilization amounted to 0.2988 (210.11m2) from total allowa- ble coefficient of 0.30. Solar panels were constructed at the roof of the house. With the solar panel installation, the underfloor heating and hot water supply was implemented throughout the object. The object was built and finished at the end of 2014.
  18. 18. 4. 7. 1. 1. 2. 2.3. 1. GARAGE 2. STORAGE 3. TECHNICAL ROOM 4. KITCHEN/LIVING ROOM 5. ROOM 6. TOILET 7. SWIMMING POOL _FLOORPLANS GROUNDFLOOR FIRSTFLOOR 6. 5. 5. 5. 4. 6. 5. 5. 7. SECONDFLOOR
  19. 19. 04 NEW LIVING LEOBEN/GÖSS New Residential Area in Steigtalstraße Leoben - Göss Loben / Steiermark, Austria 2.Prize, Competition 2015 04PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE:
  20. 20. _PARKVIEW
  21. 21. MAYR - MELNHOF - STRAßE STEIGTALSTRAßE MAX KOBER - STRAßE PARKPLATZ 25PKW 15PKW FAHRRAD KIW A MÜLL MÜLL FAHRRAD MAYR - MEL STRAßE _GROUNDGGGGGGGG UND MAYR M UNDGGGGGGG OUNDFLOOROOOOOOFFFFF 3ZiWo/72.15m2 4ZiWo/89.91m2 3ZiWo/67.0m2 4ZiWo/85.73m2 3ZiWo/70.39m2 3ZiWo/70.39m2 3ZiWo/69.88m2 _APARTMENTTYPESTT BUILDING 01 BUILDING 02 BUILDING 03 4ZiWo/87.14m2 3ZiWo/65.49m2 4ZiWo/89.9m2
  22. 22. _SHAREDGARDENING
  23. 23. HONGKONG Since the 1841 and the British colonial rule, Hong Kong was a city-state and more recently known as a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) with semi-autonomous status. Hong Kong is located on the south Chinese coast, surrounded by the Pearl River Delta and the South China Sea. It has a territory of 1,104 km2, with population of 7.15 million estimated by the Hong Kong’s government in 2012. Hong Kong is one of the densest areas in the world. It is well known for impressive skyline and deep natural harbor. On Cantonese or Hakka language, the name “Hong Kong” means “fragrant harbor”. Hong Kong’s topography is impressive as well, and it consists of over 200 islands, steep hills and the sea. The infrastructure in Hong Kong has a linear orientation and compact grid because of the almost unbuildable landscape. According to Hong Kong’s Department of Statistics in 2008, the population of Hong Kong Island on the area of 20 km2 of developed land was 1.3 million people. Just 25% of Hong Kong Island (80 ha area) is urbanized, where 75% are parks and mountains. Because of the high economic growth, impressive topography and infrastructure, the city of Hong Kong is highly convenient for living, and it attracts business partners and tourists from all over the globe. Hong Kong has a high position on economic powerhouse, and it is recognized as an elite international finance center, one of the major logistic and knowledge centers. It is also well known as a low tax and free trade zone. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is one of the largest in the world. Chep Lak Kok Airport is one of the biggest and busiest cargo airports in the world. The Hong Kong’s port is the third busiest container port in the world, immediately after Singapore and Shanghai. In 2011, Hong Kong’s GDP per capita (US$ 49,800) outstripped that of Switzerland (US$ 43,900). Unfortunately, like in many other neoliberal country policies across the world, there is a huge gap between very rich and very poor people. From 7, 15 million inhabitants in Hong Kong, 1, 3 million is still living in poverty.1 The Hong Kong’s architecture was not meant to be purely esthetic, but rather rational and efficient, a direct answer to specific conditions, like topography, climate, economic and political factors. 1 Tieben, 2013, 46.
  24. 24. MACAU FOSHAN SHUNDE ZHONGSHAN ZHUJIANG RIVER DELTA CHEK LAP KOK AIRPORT JIANGMEN GUANGZHOU LONGGANG NEW TERRITORIES KOWLOON HONG KONG ISLAND SHENZHEN DONGGUAN HONG KONG SOUTH CHINA SEE HONG KONG 1 POPULATION 7 million LAND AREA 1,100 km2 DENSITY 6,400 persons per km2 GDP US$ 210 billion GDP per person US$ 30,000 1 Tieben, 2013, 45. all data from Asian Green City Index (Economist Intelligence Unit; Simens February 2011) [Fig.01] Satellite Map of Southeast China
  25. 25. 28 “Nowhere do buildings stand more dramatically in the topography. Nowhere else in such an extreme density so radically and so expressively transcribed into built architecture. The overwhelming extensiveness of repetitive non-ending structures appears almost surreal. […] Everything is somehow fantastic and simultaneously so evident.”1 1 Christ/Gantenbein, 2012, 03. “With 13 m2 per person, Hong Kong’s medium living space is lower than most parts of the developed world and Mainland China.”2 2 Tieben H., 2013, 46. [Fig.2] Aerial Panorama over Hong Kong Central District, Hong Kong Island
  26. 26. CREATING THE VERTICAL CITY PROJECT: LOCATION: DATE: Underground Station, Multifunctional Tower, Park The New Central Harbour - Tamar Site,Central District, Hong Kong, China 2012-2014, Thesis - Academical Research
  27. 27. CENTRAL-WAN CHAI BYPASS SHATIN TO CENTRAL METRO LINK NORTH HONG KONG ISLAND METRO LINE PROPOSED SITE WAN CHAI RECLAMATION PHASE I WAN CHAI RECLAMATION PHASE III WAN CHAI RECLAMATION PHASE I K O W L O O N HONG KONG ISLAND WAN CHAI DEVELOPMENT PHASE II REVIEW LIMIT _analize [Fig.03] Satellite Map of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula
  28. 28. [Fig.04] Pedestrian Network Plan 313133313131313131333131313131331313311111331311131131111131131311133 _FIGURE GROUNDPLAN_PEDESTRIANCIRCULATION
  29. 29. _TOWER CROSSSECTION +398,00 m 1:3000 ZONE 01 ZONE 05 ZONE 02 ZONE 06 ZONE 03 ZONE 07 ZONE 04 SITE LOCATION: The New Central Harbour - Tamar Site, Central District, Hong Kong, China AREA: 9,670 m2 TOWER I HEIGHT: 530,50 m STORIES: 121 occupied floors PROGRAM: Office, luxury hotel, residential, entertainment, retail, cultural venues, public areas, recreational venues, sky gardens observation deck TOWER II HEIGHT: 398,00 m STORIES: 94 occupied floors PROGRAM: Office, luxury hotel, entertainment, retail, residential, cultural venues, public space, recreational venues observation deck AREA I + II: 430,510 m2 above ground BASE HEIGHT: 24.50 m STORIES: 4 stories above ground AREA: app. 25,000 m2 PROGRAM: Luxury retail, bank, restaurant, coffee bar, multi-level garden. Below grade levels will be house retail, direct connection to the underground station, parking spaces service, and MEP functions. +530,50 m 32
  30. 30. ZONE 01 ZONE 02 ZONE 03 ZONE 04 ZONE 05 ZONE 06 ZONE 07 ZONE 08 _TOWER CROSSSECTION 1:3000 ZONE 01 luxury retail, bank, restaurant, coffee bar, multi-level garden direct connection to the underground station and parking spaces sky lobby educational (music school), cultural venues (galleries and performance space) restaurant,coffee bar, entertainment multi-level gardens ZONE 02 sky lobby, restaurant, lounge bar, coffee bar office levels, garden ZONE 03 sky lobby, restaurant, lounge bar, coffee bar office levels, gardens ZONE 04 sky lobby, restaurant, lounge bar, coffee bar office levels, gardens ZONE 05 luxury hotel, recreational, entertainment, residential, gardens, sky terrace ZONE 06 luxury hotel, recreational, entertainment, residential, multi-level gardens, observation deck, sky lobby, sky terrace ZONE 07/08 luxury hotel, recreational, entertainment, residential, multi-level gardens, observation deck, sky lobby, sky terrace Distance between each Mechanical /Refuge Level is 61 m. MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL MECHANICAL/REFUGE LEVEL 33
  31. 31. 1.CORE (SUPER-COLUMN SYSTEM+CORE) ZONES (LEVELS + COMPOSITE FLOORS) 2.SKIN+DOUBLE-BELT TRUSS CIRCULAR FLOOR SLABS 3.SKIN+MECHANICAL LEVELS EXTERIOR CURTAIN WALL+STRUCTURE 1. 2. 3. _STRUCTUREStructure must fulfill many demands. It needs to be resistant and elastic, because it is located in windy climate. The main part of the structure is a double 12,50m x 25m concrete CORE. The core is connected with struc- tural steel outrigger truss and composite (concrete covered steel vertical sections) supercolumn system. The system is enclosed with four paired and four diagonal supercolumns along 45-degree axis. Diagonal super- columns are needed because of the long distances between the main supercolumns at the base. Distance between diagonal and main column is approximately 25m. NINE ZONES, each zone with 12-15 floors, are vertically spreaded within the tower. Two-story mechanical area is based on the top of each tower, with mechanical, electrical and plumbing equipment. Mechanical floor is planned as a safety escape area. The tower has special curtain wall design with two separated curtain wall systems. The inner skin is circular, and exterior skin is cam-shaped with rounded corners similar to a guitar pick. The separation between the two systems creates space for atria every 12-15 floors. With higher heights, the exterior skin cam-shaped plan is reduced in size and becomes thinner. Also, the cam-shaped plan is slightly twisted around the central part through each higher zone, giving an elegant and spiraling shape of the building. The main aspect of this Tower is sustainable design development. The water treatment plants are integrated in the tower with the goal of recycling grey water and storm water needed for watering and toilet flushing. Water treatment plants are located within the tower, podium and basement level to decrease pumping energy. The interim water is utilized in storage tanks within the building, and later on used on the principle of gravity. The only energy used for water transport is low-pressure pumping energy, which provides water to each tank based on a cascading effect that results reduction in water consumption. Cutting and dividing tower into vertically stacked zones reduces the energy required for vertical transportation within the tower, because of the central utility infrastructure and vertical city design concept. STRUCTURESYSTEM
  32. 32. OFFICELEVEL 1:200 RESIDENTIALLEVEL 1:200 35 FLOORPLANS
  33. 33. _CROSSSECTION 1:200 36
  34. 34. _TOWERBASE
  35. 35. _TOWERZONE01
  36. 36. _SKYLOBBY
  37. 37. 06 LIVING IN THE OEVERSEE PARK New Residential Area in Mühlgang/Rösselmühle - Postgarage Graz, Austria Arch.Design, , Arch. Visualisation, Tech.Documentation PROCESSING 2015-2016 06PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE:
  38. 38. _OPENSPACE
  39. 39. _ ALONGCANAL
  40. 40. THE PEACE OASIS PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE: 07 House, Wine cellar and Swimming pool for Ewald Scheucher Großsöding 8561/ Steiermark, Austria Arch.Design, Interior Design, Tech.Doc. , Building Permit. UNDER CONSTRUCTION 2013 07HO
  41. 41. SOUTH_WESTVIEW
  42. 42. _WESTVIEW
  43. 43. GROUNDFLOOR _FIGURE GROUNDPLAN _FIRSTFLOOR
  44. 44. _LIVINGAREA
  45. 45. _BEDROOM
  46. 46. _OFFICEAREA
  47. 47. PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE: 08 WINTER’S TALE HOUSE_Z Weekend House for Mr. Zecevic A. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Arch.Design, Interior Design, Arch.Visualisation 2012 08The base of 32m2 (8mx4m) is an ideal area for a weekend house in the mountains. The roof had a sharp slope and it was planned to obtain an additional gallery of 16 m2 under roof. The house was intended to use the CLT cross-laminated timber pan- els, which are stable and can meet the most stringent demands for quality, cost-effectiveness and ecological sustainability. These pan- els are known as fast, dry, clean and quiet building material. Due to the prefabrication, the cross-laminated timber surface were cut and prepared in the factory. With prepared reinforced concrete slab, the building/making of this house was supposed to take only 2-3 days. In the lower part of the house, the living room/kitchen, bathroom and staircase are located, and at the gallery, a place to sleep. At the entrance, there is a place for barbecue under the roof.
  48. 48. GROUNDFLOOR FIRSTFLOOR 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. KITCHEN/LIVING ROOM 2. TOILET 3. ROOM 4. VOID
  49. 49. _GROUNDFLOOR 53
  50. 50. _FIRSTFLOOR 54
  51. 51. THE ENERGY SAVER HOUSE_D PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE: House for Family Dervisagic Laßnitzthal 323, Gleisdorf 8200 Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit, Tech. Execution Planning, Project Management COMPLETED 2014-2015 This client’s house is a passive house, which consumes 9,7 kwh/ m2a. Because of this, the house had to remain compact and sealed on all sides with an insulation of 24 cm, and a system for air heating and cooling pump, and solar panels on the roof of the house. Usually, passive houses have small openings and windows, but this is not the case with this object. The house has large glass pan- els and exit doorways for the balcony, terrace and the garden. The house was built from the CLT cross laminated timber panels, and it is cost-effective and ecologically sustainable. House area is 155 m2 with a garage of 48 m2.
  52. 52. _HOUSEENTRANCE
  53. 53. _GARDENVIEW
  54. 54. NEW RIVER SIDE SETTLEMENT 10 New Residential Area in Kapfenberg, Rechte Mürzzeile Kapfenberg/Steiermark, Austria Competition, First stage 2016 PROJECT: LOCATION: STATUS: DATE:
  55. 55. COMPLETEDPROJECTS
  56. 56. HERRGOTTWIESGASSE 227 GRAZ, AUSTRIA Facade, Carport and Apartments Renovation Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit. 2015-20162015 2016 UNDER CONSTRUCTION SCHNABELWEG 07 GRAZ, AUSTRIA Two Apartments, Garage and Swimming Pool Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit. Tech. Execution Planning, Project Management 2014-20152014 2015 COMPLETED HOCHKOFLERWEG 16 A GRAZ, AUSTRIA Two Apartments and Carport Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit. Tech.Documentation 2014-20152014 2015 COMPLETED HOCHKOFLERWEG 22 GRAZ, AUSTRIA Two Apartments and Carport Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit. Tech. Execution Planning, Project Management 2013-20142013 2014 COMPLETED SCHWARZERWEG 59 UNTERPREMSTÄTTEN, AUSTRIA Three Apartments and Carport Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit. Tech. Execution Planning, Project Management 2013-20142013 2014 COMPLETED LASSNITZTHAL 323 GLEISDORF, AUSTRIA Passiv House and Garage Arch.Design, Arch.Visualisation, Building Permit, Tech. Execution Planning, Project Management 2014-20152014 2015 COMPLETED THE SELECTED LIST OF COMPLETED I FREELANCE I PROJECTS : BBBEEEFFFOOORREEE AAAAAAFFFFFTTTTTTTTTEEEERRRR
  57. 57. LISTOFFIGURESLISTOFFIGURES LIST OF FIGURESLIST OF FIGURES [Fig.01] Satellite Map of Southeast China https://www.google.at/maps/place/Dong+N an+Lu/@22.3806621,113.836789,85587m/ data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x35b5c9b7110480f3:0x- d6a3311623cf74f0 (15.04.2014) [Fig.2] Aerial Panorama over Hong Kong Central District, Hong Kong Island (2014) http://www.airpano.ru/files/Honkong/2-2 (05.01.2014) [Fig.3] Satellite Map of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula (15.05.2014) https://www.google.at/maps/search/hong+kong+sky- line+ifc+wallpaper/@22.2867849,114.1410568,14z [Fig.04] Pedestrian Network Plan http://www.pland.gov.hk/pland_en/p_study/comp_s/UDS/ eng_v1/images_eng/OI12.jpg (15.11.2013)
  58. 58. I V A N S TA N I V U K DIPL.-ING. www.ivanstanivuk.com

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