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Moroccan community in Belgium

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Moroccan community in Flanders and Belgium

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Moroccan community in Belgium

  1. 1. DE MAROKKAANSE GEMEENSCHAP IN VLAANDEREN/BELGIË 18 MAART 2017 ACV MidLim – VAMOS - ATTAWASUL Prof dr Leo Neels CEO Itinera ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  2. 2. Itinera: independent think tank • 2006 : private initiative • by entrepreneurs, families and academics • “Will Belgium be able to ensure our level of prosperity to its children and grandchildren?” • Independent expertise for better governance, efficient decision making and delivery 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  3. 3. Itinera : Mission & Values • “Facts & Figures” – Expertise > Policy Recommendations • The importance of Value Creation – Dominant role of Enterpreneurs & Entreprises • For an inclusive society • Good Citizenship 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  4. 4. ITINERA & KBS 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  5. 5. Immigration in Belgium ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  6. 6. Immigration in Belgium ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  7. 7. Immigration by country of origin 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  8. 8. Historic Motive: Labour • Conventions with other countries • 1946: Italy, 1956: Spain, 1957: Greece • 1964: Morocco, Turkey • 1969: Algeria,Tunesia • 1970: Yugoslavia • 1974: STOP… ? ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  9. 9. Other motives • Family unification / Regroupement familial • Marriage • Asylum seekers • Refugees ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  10. 10. Motives (General Immigration) ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  11. 11. Motives (Immigration from Morocco) ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  12. 12. Moroccon Population in Belgium (2009) ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  13. 13. Regional dispersion in Belgium ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  14. 14. Nationality ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  15. 15. Nationality & Country of Origin ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN21/03/2017
  16. 16. Belgian Policy on Migration & Integration 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN • 1974: “migration” STOP… unsuccesfull • Migration “shift”: • Family reunification, • Naturalisation, • Free movement of persons (EU) • Labour (economic migration) • Asylum & Refugees (distress) • Natality – BLG 1,67 – FOREIGN 2,52 – FOREIGN EXTRA-EU 4 – 17% of births by a foreign mother – 90% of these children have BLG nationality
  17. 17. Nationality Laws • 1985 > 2013: broad criteria + 800.000 Belgians by “naturalisation” • 2013: more restrictive criteria • Difficulty of uncomparable statistics – Belgians – Belgian with a migration history – Belgians by generation … 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  18. 18. “Here to stay” • Integration policy: – no comprehensive plan – A lot of initiatives & poor results • 1980 – 1980 Vreemdelingenwet: who can stay in BLG? – 1981 Law on racism & xenofobia: attitude – 1984 Nationality Law: legal status • 1988 – start of Royal Commissioner on Migration Policy • Importance of Conviction of Community & Parents : – “shared responsibility” 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  19. 19. Top Drivers of integration : Education & Jobs • Education • PISA-statistiscs (OECD): • important school drop-out of migrant children • linguistic problem (Kindergarten not mandatory) • Importance (Prof J. Dronkers) – Country of Origin – Education level of parents – Homogeneity of school population 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  20. 20. Drivers of integration • Jobs 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  21. 21. Jobs as driver of integration • Importance of language • Importance of education • Importance of accessible labour market – Rigid social law protects employed people – & is unfavourable to access for new entrants – “Flexjobs” as a solution ? • Or as another expression of the problem 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  22. 22. From Integration to Good Citizenship • From being a “native Belgian” • To become a “Belgian Citizen” • The value fabric of society – Democracy – Rule of law – Universal human rights – Equality & Freedom of religion 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN
  23. 23. Thank You ! 21/03/2017 ALLOCHTONEN IN BELGIË/VLAANDEREN

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