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20170315 Economic integration of refugees

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Economic integration of refugees. Do refugees find a job?

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20170315 Economic integration of refugees

  1. 1. 21/03/17 www.itinerainstitute.org @devosmarc
  2. 2. 21/03/17 Of hope and illusion p.2
  3. 3. p.3
  4. 4. 21/03/17 The Belgian Health Care System p.4
  5. 5. 21/03/17 Hope Jan 2015-Aug 2016: 57.076 asylumseekers 31.018 decisions, 18.967 refugee/protection status granted = 61.15% Emotion and ambition vs. labourmarket segmentation reality in Belgium Itinera in 2015: treat refugees as migrants Labourmarket integration of refugees p.5
  6. 6. 21/03/17 Partial data – Employment participation AVAILABLE DATA 3/4 refugees has no reported highereducation 1/5 is illiterate = worst group profile on Belgian labourmarket BEYONDDATA Formal qualifications & theirrecognition Mobility Language, culture, networks, psychology Labourmarket integration of refugees p.6
  7. 7. 21/03/17 Illusion, as faras we can tell Caveat: no systematic tracking of recognized refugees Of all refugees registered in centres & allowed to work, only 3% has actually worked (a bit) in 2016 Only 1 in 4 of officially ‘highly qualified’ recognized refugees has taken steps fordegree recognition  Riskof total loss Labourmarket integration of refugees p.7
  8. 8. 21/03/17 Why?? Time & the asylumprocess Usual phases forintegration of migrants have perverse effects forrefugees Sense of urgency /collective will No competitive advantage Labourmarket integration of refugees p.8
  9. 9. 21/03/17 What to do? p.9
  10. 10. 21/03/17 Lessons learned: Policy Integration/activation services in sync with process of asylum application, as much as possible Match housing/education with employment opportunity: ‘labour’ > labour Facilitate labourmarket access: transition support services, as personalized as possibile Alternatives forregularemployment /flexibility Labourmarket integration of refugees p.10
  11. 11. 21/03/17 Lessons learned: Beyond Policy A collective effort: civil society, social partners, companies, media, … Services require access to services Refugee networks forrefugees Communicate success stories p.11Labourmarket integration of refugees
  12. 12. 21/03/17 Get real Refugee integration is hard and takes time – ‘time2employment’ Collective sense of responsibility is needed Political courage to make it a priority The clockticks: targeted and temporary support measures? Labourmarket integration of refugees p.12
  13. 13. 21/03/17 marc.devos@itinerainstitute.org @devosmarc www.itinerainstitute.org

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