Basic Information:Capital BrasíliaLargest city São PauloOfficial language PortugueseGovernment Federal Presidential Representative Democratic RepublicArea 8,514,877 km² (5th)Population 190,732,694 (5th)Monetary unit Real
Brazilian Regions: North • The North Region of Brazil is the largest Region of Brazil; • It is the least inhabited of the country, and contributes with a minor percentage in the national GDP and population; •Its main feature is the Amazon rainforest.
Brazilian Regions: Northeast • The Northeastern states are different from the rest of Brazil; • The population is more heavily African and mestizo, the cuisine is spicier, the weather hot and dry; •The barren areas called sertão are more desert-like than tropical since they get rain for only a short time each year.
Brazilian Regions: Middle -west •Brazils national capital, Brasília, is situated in this region; •Today, Middle-West is attracting many investments for agriculture, pecuary, industries and people from Southeast and Southern Brazil.
Brazilian Regions: South •This is the wealthiest region of Brazil. It has the highest standard of living in the country; • Large numbers of European immigrants have settled here (mainly of German, Italian, and Slavic); •The south is also the coldest region of Brazil.
Brazilian Regions: Southeast •The Southeast is the most populous and economically powerful of the country’s regions; •It is the cultural and economic hub of the country, and contains three of the four largest cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte; •Its economy is based on machinery, the automobile and aviation industries, services, financial companies, commerce, textiles, orange growing, sugar cane and coffee production.
Brazilian Culture: Language •The official language of Brazil is Portuguese; •It is spoken by about 99% of the population; •There are only some Amerindian groups Machado de Assis and small pockets of immigrants who do not speak Portuguese. Paulo Coelho Guimarães Rosa Clarice Lispector
Brazilian Culture: ReligionDistribution of the Brazilian populationaccording to their religions and faiths. •Three in every four Brazilians are Roman Catholics; Population ProportionReligion (million) (%) •Catholicism was introduced and spreadRomanCatholicism 122 68% largely by the Portuguese Jesuits, who arrived in Brazil in 1549 during theProtestantism 20 12.4% colonization with the mission of convertingNo religious the Indigenous people. 23 15.4%affiliationSpiritism 8 3.3%Afro-Brazilian 0.3%Religions The Basilica of the National Shrine of OurOther religions 1.7% Lady of Aparecida is the second largest in the world (Aparecida – SP)
Brazilian Culture: Religion •In recent decades Brazilian society has witnessed a rise in Protestantism. •There are also significant minorities of Spiritists, Jews, Muslims, followers of Afro- Brazilian religions (such as Umbanda and Candomblé) and Buddhists.
Brazilian Culture: Race and ancestry •Brazil was a colony of Portugal for over three centuries; •The native inhabitants of Brazil had much contact with the colonists. Many were exterminated, others mixed with the Portuguese; •Immigrants from Italy, Germany, Spain, Japan and the Middle East played an important role in the areas they settled (mostly Southern and Southeastern Brazil).
Brazilian Culture: Race and ancestry •Black Africans, who were brought as slaves to Brazil, also participated actively in the formation of Brazilian culture. •Some regions of Brazil, especially Bahia, have particularly notable African inheritances in music, cuisine, dance and language
Brazilian Culture:Cuisine•Brazils cuisine is as varied as its geographyand culture;•Feijoada is the countrys national dish;•Cachaça is the Brazils nativeliquor, distilled from sugar cane, and it isthe main ingredient in the nationaldrink, the Caipirinha.
Brazilian Culture:Cuisine•Brazil has a variety of candies that aretraditionally used for birthdays, likebrigadeiros ("brigadiers") and beijinhos("kissies");•Other foods typically consumed in Brazilianparties areCoxinhas, Churrasco, Sfihas, Empanadas, Pine nut (in Festa Junina);•Specially in the state of Minas Gerais, areproduced and consumed the famouscheese bun.
Brazilian Culture:Parties and Holidays:•Carnival: is the most famous holiday in Brazil and has become anevent of huge proportions. The country stops completely for almost aweek and festivities are intense, day and night, mainly in coastal cities.
Brazilian Culture:Parties and Holidays:•Boi Bumbá Festival: presents myths, tales and legends usingcharacters, parade carts and giant puppets followed by the words of amaster of ceremonies who describes in detail every bit of the action. Ithappens specially in the North region.
Brazilian Culture:Parties and Holidays:•Festa Junina: introduced by the Portuguese during the colonial period(1500-1822), is celebrated nationwide but is particularly associated withNortheastern Brazil.
Brazilian Culture:Music:• Samba: is among the most popular music genres in Brazil. Itdeveloped from the mixture of Brazilian and African rhythms brought byslaves in the colonial period and originated in the state of Bahia;•Bossa nova: is a style of Brazilian music that originated in the late1950s. It gained worldwide popularity with the song Garota de Ipanema;•MPB: It presents many variations and includes elements of styles thatrange from Samba to Rock music;•Sertanejo: is the most popular genre in Brazilian mainstream mediasince the 1990s. It presents a heavy influence from American countrymusic.•Forró: It remains a very popular music style, particularly in theNortheast region, and is danced in forrobodós (parties and balls)throughout the country.
Brazilian Culture:Folklore:• Brazilian folklore includes manystories, legends, dances,superstitions and religious rituals.Characters include the Boitatá,the Boto Cor-de-Rosa, the Saciand the Bumba Meu Boi.
Brazilian Culture: Capoeira: • It is a Brazilian art form that combines elements of martial arts, sports, and music. •Capoeira is known by quick and complex moves, using mainly power kicks and quick leg sweeps, with some ground and aerial acrobatics, knee strikes, take-downs, elbow strikes, punches and head butts.
Brazilian Culture:TV and Cinema:•Brazilian biggest network, Rede Globo, is the fourth largestcommercial network in the world, and is one of the largest televisionexporters around the world, particularly of telenovelas, which havebecome popular in many countries.•Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but tooksome time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment.
Brazilian famous cities:Brasília:• The capital of Brazil, and an architectural spectacle.
Brazilian famous cities:Florianópolis:• The city is located in an island in the Atlantic Ocean in the southernstate of Santa Catarina, with lakes, lagoons, amazing nature and morethan 40 clean, beautiful, natural beaches.
Brazilian famous cities:Salvador:• The first capital of Brazil is home to a unique blend ofindigenous, African and European cultures. The influence of Africanculture and religion is remarkable.
Brazilian famous cities:Manaus:•Located in the heart of the Amazon it is the best place to go to visit theAmazon rainforest.
Brazilian famous cities:Rio de Janeiro:•World famous, beautiful city that welcomes visitors with that big statueof an open-armed Jesus atop Corcovado Hill.
Brazilian famous cities:São Paulo:•Brazils largest, richest and most cosmopolitan city.
Sport in Brazil:•The Brazilian are veryinvolved in sports. Footballis the most popular sport inBrazil;• One of the most influentialBrazilian football players isPelé, widely considered asthe best football player of alltime;•Brazil, was selected to hostthe 2016 Olympic Gamesand the 2014 World Cup.
Brazilian politics:•Brazil is a federal presidential representativedemocratic republic;•The President is both head of state and head ofgovernment;•Brazilian current president is Dilma Rousseff, thefirst woman to command the country.
Brazilian Economy:•Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America, the worldsfifth largest economy, according to the International Monetary Fundand the World Bank;•Major export products include aircraft, electricalequipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, ironore, steel, coffee, orange juice, soybeans and corned beef;
Brazilian Health System:•The healthcare in Brazil is provided by both private and governmentinstitutions;•The advent of the Unified Health System increased access to healthcare for a substantial proportion of the Brazilian population, at atime when the system was becoming increasingly privatized;•Brazilian AIDS awareness campaigns are world famous. Albert Einstein Hospital
Brazilian Education System:•Education in Brazil is divided in stagesthat are accessible and somewhatmandatory to everyone (elementaryand secondary school) and those thatare not mandatory or require a previousselection (pre-school, technical schooland higher education);•In addition to providing USPeducation, universities promoteresearch and provide stand-aloneclasses to the community.
Brazilian Education System:Main problems:•Lack of teachers who want to work inthat area;•Constant cases of robbery and violence;•Many students drop out of schoolbecause they have to start workingearlier to increase the family income;•The level of pregnant teenagers is veryhigh.
Brazilian transport System: •Roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic; •Coastal shipping links separated parts of the country; •Air transportation is highly developed; •Embraer, a Brazilian company, is one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world.
Brazilian Tour:•The mixture of races has made Brazil a culturally rich and at thesame time unique country. This miscegenation began with theIndian, the African and the Portuguese, but soon after, immigrantsfrom around the world began to arrive.
Brazilian Tour:•Getting here: Many people arrive by air as well and Brazil hasinternational airports all over the country.•Because of this massive diversity, Brazil is one of the last places onEarth where no one is a foreigner and every Brazilian has a little ofthe entire world in his or her blood.
Brazilian Youth:•Brazilian youth representsmost of our expectations for abetter future;•On the other hand, youngBrazilians are affected by thepoverty of their families, thesocial inequality, the lack ofbasic social services and so on;•The main solution for theseproblems is to provideeducation and opportunitiesthat are still missing.
Brazilian Curiosities:Brazils name was inspired from a tree, called “pau-brasil”, from which a red resin wasextracted and used to dye fabricsToilet paper waste is usually not dispensed in the toilet bowl, but in a small basket ortrash/rubbish bin provided in the bathroom instead.Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations and the G20.The Amazon River is the largest in the world in terms of water volume.The Marajo Island is the largest fluvial island in the world, it is by the Amazon River delta, andit is located in the north of Brazil with an area approximately of 40.150km²In Brazil its very common to live with your parents until getting married. Unless you go tostudy in another. Generally you will not be considered to be a loser for living with yourparents.Kissing upon greeting is common, except in work environments.
Brazil, you simply won’t want to leave…Clara Loreine Andrade Rodrigues – Campo Grande, MSDaniel de Lima Freitas – São Paulo, SPFrancisco Ítalo Albuquerque de Souza – Sobral, CEIgor Vilela Brum – Juiz de Fora, MGJorge de Alencar Palomares – Cuiabá, MTKésia Priscila da Silva Nunes – Mossoró, RNLaís Barbosa Amorim – Rio de Janeiro, RJRafael de Oliveira Pena Neto – Santa Helena de Goiás, GOThalles Henrique Oliveira Ribeiro – Inhapim, MG Thanks!