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LIBERALIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE,
EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL POLICY REFORM
AND MEDITERRANEAN CHALLENGES
Michel PETIT
petit@...
INTRODUCTION
• THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SOUTHERN
AND EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN
COUNTRIES (SEMCs) IN THE FIELD OF
AGRICULTURE AN...
DOMESTIC NEXUS OF PROBLEMS
• IMPORT DEPENDENCY
• RURAL POVERTY
• THREATS ON NATURAL RESOURCES
• WORRISOME DEMOGRAPHIC TREN...
UNDUE EMPHASIS ON
TRADE LIBERALIZATION DEBATE
• IMPORTANT ISSUE IN DOMESTIC DEBATES ON
AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
•...
ACTUAL IMPACT OF LIBERALIZATION
• ON TRADE FLOWS AND FDI
• FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
• CEREALS
• ON RURAL POVERTY
• ALLEGED IM...
IMPACT OF CAP REFORM
• VERY LITTLE ON MARKET ACCESS FOR
SEMCs IN CAP REFORM, NOTHING ON
CEREALS
• BILATERAL DCFTAs (eg MAR...
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Liberalization of Agriculture Trade, European Common Agricultural Policy Reform and Mediterranean Challenges

Michel Petit, Associate Professor, CIHEAM, Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen, Montpellier
at IAI-OCP international seminar on
"Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Euro-Mediterranean Area", Rome – February 2, 2015

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Liberalization of Agriculture Trade, European Common Agricultural Policy Reform and Mediterranean Challenges

  1. 1. LIBERALIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE, EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL POLICY REFORM AND MEDITERRANEAN CHALLENGES Michel PETIT petit@iamm.fr IAI Seminar on « Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Euro- Mediterranean Area », Rome, February 2, 2015
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SOUTHERN AND EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES (SEMCs) IN THE FIELD OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT ARE DAUNTING; • DIFFICULT DOMESTIC POLICY REFORMS ARE NEEDED; • THE TRADE LIBERALIZATION DEBATE HAS OVERSHADOWED OTHER IMPORTANT POLICY CHOICES, BOTH DOMESTICALLY AND IN TH EURO-MED RELATIONSHIP • HENCE, THE TITLE IS RELEVANT!
  3. 3. DOMESTIC NEXUS OF PROBLEMS • IMPORT DEPENDENCY • RURAL POVERTY • THREATS ON NATURAL RESOURCES • WORRISOME DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS => CURRENT TRENDS AND POLICIES ARE NOT SUSTAINABLE IN SPITE OF PAST POLICY ACHIEVEMENTS
  4. 4. UNDUE EMPHASIS ON TRADE LIBERALIZATION DEBATE • IMPORTANT ISSUE IN DOMESTIC DEBATES ON AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT • LINCHPIN OF THE BARCELONA PROCESS • FREE TRADE AREA BY 2010 • DEEP AND COMPREHENSIVE TRADE AGREEMENTS • UTOPIAN GOAL FOR AGRICULTURE/ FRUSTRATIONS • NEGLECT OF OTHER POTENTIAL COLLABORATION ACTIVITIES
  5. 5. ACTUAL IMPACT OF LIBERALIZATION • ON TRADE FLOWS AND FDI • FRUITS AND VEGETABLES • CEREALS • ON RURAL POVERTY • ALLEGED IMPACT IN TUNISIA • OPEN QUESTION
  6. 6. IMPACT OF CAP REFORM • VERY LITTLE ON MARKET ACCESS FOR SEMCs IN CAP REFORM, NOTHING ON CEREALS • BILATERAL DCFTAs (eg MAROCCAN TOMATOES) • INTELLECTUAL IMPACT? (THE « TWO PILLARS ») => MARGINALITY OF CAP IN A ‘GOOD’ NEIGHBORHOOD POLICY

Michel Petit, Associate Professor, CIHEAM, Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen, Montpellier at IAI-OCP international seminar on "Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Euro-Mediterranean Area", Rome – February 2, 2015

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