Gender balance and the role of women in Azerbaijan
Gender Balance and the Role of Women in Azerbaijan Mrs. Sabina Manafova THE STATE COMMITTEE FOR FAMILY, WOMEN AND CHILDREN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN 4 April 2013
The first Tagiyev’s Secular School for Muslim Girls in Baku The first school Secular School for Girls throughout the Muslim World. The most important legacy of this school was a whole generation of remarkable Azerbaijani women who later became outstanding teachers and educators in their own right
Sara Khatun, Azerbaijan’s Akhundova Shafiga Salimova Shovkat Farajova Kubra (1920-1999), the firstFirst Female Diplomat of the (1907-1986), (1924)15th century. She played a key The first female composer, Azerbaijani female naval The first female captain.role in the politics and foreign Minister of Health of and the first female author ofrelations of her country, Azerbaijan. the opera in the East.centuries before women soelsewhereNasibova Shahnabat Mammadbeyli Leila Valikhan Sona (1909), Gasimova Sona(1916-1957), (1883-1981), (1912-1977),one of the first female deputies of The first Azerbaijani The first Azerbaijani female One of the first sportswomenthe Supreme Council of Azerbaijan. female Professor, in Azerbaijan. pilot and parachutist. Doctor of Science Caucasian champion of parachute jumping.
Kashiyeva Geysar Ayna Sultanova Tahirova Tahira (1913-1991), Almaszada Gamar(1893-1972), (1985-1938), (1915-2006),the first Azerbaijani woman The first female General One of the first woman specialized in oil engineering. The first female ballet-painter. Prosecutor of Azerbaijan Republic. The first female Minister of dancer of Azerbaijan. Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan.Bakhishova Eynullhayat Ashurbeyli Sara Mehriban Aliyeva Rzayeva Aghabaji(1888-1955), (1906-2001), First Lady of Azerbaijan, President (1912-1975),The first muslim female The first female Doctor of of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation,, the first femalemathematician. History in Azerbaijan. UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, composer of Azerbaijan. ISESCO Goodwill Ambassador,/
National LegislationIncreasing women’s role in Azerbaijanand strengthening their social protection(1998)Implementation of Women Policy( 2000)Guarantees of gender equality (2006)Combating domestic violence (2010) Amendments to the Family Code(2011 to bring the age of consent tomarriage to 18 for both men and women)
International Convention that the Republic of Azerbaijan has ratifiedUN Convention on Political Rights of Women(1992)UN Convention on Elimination of all forms ofdiscrimination against women (1995)ILO Convention on Equal Opportunities andEqual Treatment for Men and WomenWorkers: Workers with Family Responsibilities(2011) ILO Convention on revision of the MaternityProtection Convention (2010)
State Committee for Family, Women and ChildrenAffairs (SCFWCA) On February 6, 2006 committee expandedOn January 14, 1998 the State with additional duties for solution ofCommittee on Women’s Affairs was problems of families and children thus being re-established as the State Committee forestablished Family, Women and Children Affairs
The State Committee for Family, Women and Children Affairs Central executive power body Implements regulatory state policy on family, women and children issues
Main directions of the activity Elaboration, development and implementation of:- state family policies- state women policies- state children policies
The activity of the Committee in the sphere of Gender Issues- Measures on protection of women rights- State programs on poverty reduction- Employment strategy- Advancement and empowerment of Women- Awareness-raising campaigns on gender equality, gender stereotypes and domestic violence
State Programs and Strategies with gender componentPoverty Reduction and SustainableDevelopment 2006-2015Social - economic development of theregions 2004-2015State Program on poverty reduction andsustainable development 2007 – 2015Azerbaijan-2020:the vision of futureAction to Raise Effectiveness of theprotection of Human RightsAzerbaijan Youth 2011-2015
Women in decision-making process 20 Women Deputies in 2010 15 Women Deputies in 2005125 Deputies in National Assembly
3 Deputy Ministers out of 20ministriesVice Speaker of the ParliamentChairperson of the State Commission Chairperson of the State Committee Ombudsperson Deputy-Chairperson of theConstitutional Court Chairperson of the Board on CivilCases of the Supreme CourtVice-president of the State OilCompanyVice-president of the NationalAcademy of Sciences35 Deputies of executive powers in85 region45 heads of department at theexecutive powers3 Rectors of Universities14% of judges 91 persons out of 271 diplomatsworking at the Ministry of ForeignAffairs
N Share of Representation of women at ministries and state women committees in 20111. Ministry of Health 79,5%2. Ministry of Education 68,1%3 Ministry of Finance 40%4. Ministry of Economic Development 34.2%5. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources 22.6%6. Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Population 60.8%7. Ministry of Defense Industry 39.8%8. Ministry of Communication and Information Technologies 32,3%9. Ministry of Foreign Affairs 19,4%10. Ministry of Defense Industry 39,8%11. Ministry of National Security 21%12. State Committee for Family, Women and Children Affairs 76,4%
Congress of Azerbaijan Women as significant events emphasize the role of women in Azerbaijan focuses on increasing role of women in modern societies and other acute problems in the relevant spheres : The 1st Congress of Azerbaijan Women in 1998The 2nd Congress of Azerbaijan Women in 2003 The 3rd Congress of Azerbaijan Women in 2008The 4rd Congress of Azerbaijan Women will takeplace on June 14th ,2013
Women in World Forum onIntercultural Dialogue Intercultural dialogue and cultural diversity as a tool for the achievement of peace and development
Baku, 24 - 25 May 2010• - Gender equality: bridging the gap between de jure and de facto equality”• - Positive action and gender mainstreaming to achieve de facto gender equality;• - Combating gender stereotypes: the role of education and the media.
200 women NGOs dealing with different aspects of women issues( health, education, social-economic development violence) 2 000 NGOs
Literacy level of population 99,8 %Men 99,9 %Women 99,8 %
A number of researchers by fields of science 46 % of PhDs and 51 % of all scientific workers are women.70605040 Male30 Female20100 NATURAL TECHNICAL MEDICAL SOCIAL SCIENCE SCIENCE SCIENCE HUMANITIES SCIENCE
Number of pupils and students by types ofeducation at the beginning of 2011/2012academic yearsTypes of educational women meninstitutionGeneral educational 75,0 77,4institutionsPrimary vocational 12,0 11,5educational institutions,vocational schools andvocational lyceums) andvocational centeres)Secondary specialized 4,5 2,1educational institutionsHigher education and 8,5 9,0doctorate studyTotal, % 100 100Number 797825 898658
Female students of state higher educational institutionsby field of study at the beginning of 2011/2012 academicyears 60,3 % Medicine 50,9 % Culture and art 49,5 % Chemistry 39,7% Informatics and computing 28,2 % Econonomics and management 23,0% Services in social-cultural spheres 22,4% Natural and technical specialities
Economic active population 2000 2005 2010 2011The number of 4370,2 4380,1 4587,4 4626,1economic activepopulation –TotalMales 2263,0 2268,8 2329,7 2354,7Females 2107,2 2111,3 2257,7 2271,4The number of 3855,5 4062,3 4329,1 4375,2employedpersons amongeconomic activepopulation –totalMales 2016,5 2104,7 2227,4 2250,0Females 1839,0 1957,6 2101,7 2125,2
Gender distribution of entrepreneursActivities Female % MaleAgriculture, forestry, fishing 8,77 10,6Mining 0,04 0,14Manufacturing 2,42 3,12Electricity, gas and steam production, distributionand supply 0,01 0,02Education 1,12 0,17Construction 0,18 1,16Trade, repair, of vehicles 50,01 39,65Transport and storage 1,54 21,45Tourist accommodation and catering 3,92 5,0Information and communication 1,15 1,01Financial and insurance activities 0,32 0,22Real estate transaction 4,24 1,63Health and social service 0,55 0,44Administrative and support service activities 0,96 0,9Provision of services in other areas 21,02 11,55
the Third UNECE International Forum of Women Entrepreneurs “Buildingpartnerships to close the entrepreneurship gender gaps in the ECE region”
69.2% of working women (active women in the economicsphere) work in private and 30.8% of them work in publicsectors.
Soft credit lines up to 10 million AZN were given to 410 women entrepreneurs in the last 3 years.
Influence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict on Women 1 000 000 refugees and internally displaced people156 000 women 297 731 women
Refugees and IDPs women have been attracted the entrepreneurship activities.
During the last five yearsLiving conditions of 70 000 72 647 women refugees and IDPsRefugees and IDPs were improved were provided with relevant jobs 25 048 women were resettled in new settlements