Over 3 billion people live in cities.
By 2030, six out of every 10 people will be city dwellers,
rising to seven out of every 10 people by 2050.
Urbanization is here to stay. It is an irreversible trend that is
now part of the world in which we live.
-World Health Organization.
Virtually all population growth over the next 30 years
will be in urban areas.
30% (300 million) of Indian population live in urban.
This will double (534 million) in 2026.
1/3rd of Indian urban population (100 million) live in slums.
This will double (200 million) in 2020.
The urban poor suffer disproportionately from a wide
range of diseases and other health problems.
Malnutrition among urban poor children is worse off than
in rural areas.
The major drivers of health in urban settings are
beyond the health sector.
One of the less positive features of urban life is the
inequities that exist only kilometers apart.
Urban Environmental Health
2 million deaths annually are attributable to indoor air pollution
32% of urban residents regions lack improved sanitation
Urban transport and health
Road traffic injuries constitute the ninth leading cause of death
Urban transport also encourages sedentary lifestyles- a factor in
obesity and obesity-related diseases.
Urban transport and road safety are challenges for municipalities
in all parts of the world.
Growing burden of noncommunicable diseases
type 2 diabetes
certain types of cancer.
Diet and physical activity in urban settings
energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods
high levels of fat, sugar and salt
greater demand for “fast food”
Smoking, alcohol, substance abuse are more in urban settings.
Communicable diseases like TB, HIV/AIDS are more
prevalent in urban.
Global Warming: A major alarm due to Urbanisation