The Right to Study is ratifyed byour Constitution (paragraph n. 34)
Constitution of the ItalianRepublicPar. 34•The school is open to everyone.•The lower education, given at least for eightyears, is compulsory and free.• The capable and deserving, even if hardup, have the right to reach the highest levelsof education.
The Republic implements this right withscolarships, family allowances and othersupports, that must be attributed with apublic competition.
The Italian system of education is divided into: Nursery school: from two and a half up to six Primary school: from six to eleven First Grade Secondary School (First Cycle): fromeleven to fourteen Second Grade Secondary school (High school): fromfourteen to nineteen
Second Grade Secondary school : only from 14 to 16CompulsoryPrimary school and First Grade Secondary school ( 6 – 14)Not compulsoryInfant school ( 2- 6 )
After sixteen, education cancontinue out of school, untileighteen, through compulsorytraining (apprenticeship)
EXAMINATIONSAt the end of the First Grade the examinationconsists in three written tests and one oraltest, on all subjects.The required competences are assessed by anexamining board made up of internal teachersand presided by an external member.
Second Grade (High school):Since 1st September 2010, High school has had anew organization:•Licei•Technical schools subdivided into 2 sectors with11 courses•Training schools subdivided into 2 sectors and 6courses
: Licei are schools attended for five years and arecomposed of two two-years courses and one final in-depth study year.They are divided into seven different courses:- artistic- classic- economic- language- music and art of dancing- scientific- humanistic
:• The training school lasts five years and iscomposed of two two-years courses and one in-depth study final year , with 11 courses:1. Administration, finance and marketing2. Tourism3. Mechanics, Mechatronics and Energy4. Transports and Logistics5. Electronics and Electrotechnics6. ITC and Telecommunication7. Graphics and Communication8. Chemistry, Materials and Biotechnologies9. Fashion10. Agriculture and Agroindustry11. Construction, Environment and Territory
Vocational educationEach region is entitled to provide it and it may lastat least three yearsSchool-Job alternationAfter the age of fifteen, students canacquire competences with periods of alternationbetween education and job. So it is possible thatthey have the possibility of a short period ofpersonal working experience.