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Nanotechnology is defined as: the application of scientific knowledge to manipulate and control matter at the Nano scale level to make use of size and structure dependent properties and phenomena distinct from those associated with individual atoms or molecules or with bulk materials.
  The Nano scale is the size range from approximately 1nm to 100nm.
Nanotechnology exhibits a strong degree of convergence with many other disciplines, such as the information and communications technologies (ICT) industry.

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  1. 1. Nanotechnology is defined as: the application of scientific knowledgeto manipulate and control matter at the Nano scale level to make use ofsize and structure dependent properties and phenomena distinct fromthose associated with individual atoms or molecules or with bulkmaterials. The Nano scale is the size range from approximately 1nm to 100nm. Nanotechnology exhibits a strong degree of convergence with manyother disciplines, such as the information and communicationstechnologies (ICT) industry.
  2. 2. Governments has invested USD$40 billion for the year 2008,and USD9.75 billion had been invested in following year 2009. European Union (27 members + Seventh Framework Programme) Russia United States Japan China The estimated rapid growth for 17% of the global market forthe nanotechnologies by 2015 for the areas in healthcare andpharmaceuticals applications The corporations in the world was invested USD$41bn onnanotechnology R&D for the year 2010 on areas like defence,semiconductors, pharmaceutical and health care, aviation andfood
  3. 3. Global Nanotechnology Market by Type, Through to 2015 (USD $ Million) CAGR%NANOTECHNOLOGY 2009 2010 2015 2010 - 2015Nanomaterials 9,027.2 9,887.9 19,621.7 14.7Nanotools 2,613.1 5,797.2 6,812.5 3.3Nanodevices 31.0 35.4 233.7 45.9 Applications of Nanotechnology, 2015TOTAL 11,671.3 15,720.5 26,667.9 11.1
  4. 4. Nanotechnology developed in synthetic biology, Nano biotechnology, cost-effectivecarbon capture, quantum information systems, Geoengineering and other emergingand converging technologies (combination of biotechnology, ICT, nanotechnologyand cognitive science ) Building Blocks of Nanotechnology Used, Components and Final End-Use Products BUILDING BLOCKS COMPONENTS END-USE PRODUCTSMetal/Organometallics Catalysts Fuels, ChemicalsMetal Oxides Nanoparticle coatings, UV Block Dispersions, Chemical Mechanical Sunscreens, Cosmetics, High Polishing (CMP) slurry additives performance coating, CMP slurries Solar cells, in vitro diagnostics, GeneSilicon Quantum dots Films and encapsulation expression assay, Medical imaging Moisture wicking apparel, StainNanowhiskers Fabric coating resistant apparel Aerospace, Displays (experimental),Carbon Nanotubes Scanning probe tip, Field emitting Sporting goods, Electronics, Non- volatile devices, Polymer additives, Carbon memory, Automobiles, “Super” capacitors, composite fillers, Electrodes, Transistors Atomic force microscopeInorganic Nanostructure Coated thin films Solar cells, DisplaysOrganic Molecules Self-assembling structures Molecular memory, Solar cellsGold coreoligonucleotides Reagents Bio-defence, in vitro diagnosticsNanoscale porous Medical implants Drug delivery, in vivo diagnosticssilicon
  5. 5. Nanomaterials having a impact on sectors such as a Health,IT,Energy fields. The major drivers for the nanotechnologies in energy sector for the need of security andsustainability of energy supply, and growing consumer and government awareness of the implicationsof climate change. Nanomaterials will also contribute to the development of new drugs, therapies, and cures forcurrently chronic and fatal illnesses The application of nanotechnologies has the widespread of vast capability and assurance foradvanced diagnostics, improved public health and new therapeutic treatments.
  6. 6. Nanotechnology has potentially opportunities in thehealth, energy, and the environmental remediationmarkets such as, Environment Water Agriculture Clean Technology Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals
  7. 7. Development of useful applications for Nano scale phenomena; Regulatory, legal, political and ethical issues; Competition with established micro scale technologies; License of proof-of-concept Nano tools, delivery systems and products; Intellectual property protection, and skilling of patent and technology transfer offices; Potential internal reluctance to embrace nanotechnologies and Nano tools within businesses; Undertaking nanotechnology R&D in a way that pro-actively and meaningfully engages with society; Large-scale production cost challenges; Cost premium over existing products; Need for multidisciplinary infrastructure and researchers; Safety and toxicity and the effective management of the potential risks of manufactured Nanomaterials; Public and consumer concern about safety and resulting consumer activism that might inhibitcommercial investment in nanotechnology-based products.;
  8. 8. Risks include health and safety risks, ecological, business, political, social, ethical, and security risks The major risks for the Nanotechnologies in potential toxicity, health and safety effects, and invasive natureof some manufactured Nano materials. The adequate management and control of risks in engineered Nano materials and productsincorporating Nano materials worldwide. Nanotechnology Work Health and Safety Program, is focusing on Ensure nanotechnology is covered appropriately within the Work Health and Safety; Regulatory Framework; Improve understanding of the hazardous properties of engineered Nano materials; Assess the effectiveness of workplace controls in preventing exposure to engineered Nano materials; Develop procedures for detecting and measuring emissions exposure in workplaces; Provide information and guidance for Australian nanotechnology organizations; Ensure consistency with international approaches & contributing to international work;
  9. 9. Growth and demand for clean technology and alternative energy products are likely to bestimulated by the introduction of nanotechnologies in the near future, enhancing efficacies oftechnologies embraced by the industry, and displacing older technologies and businessenterprises relying on them. Nanotechnologies are expected to have a large impact on the health care industry The applications of Convergence of Nano Technologies and products in the filed of medicine,dentistry and diagnostics.
  10. 10. Nano tools refers the technologies of enabled services ofEngineering, envision of scientists, and influence of atoms. The Nano scale is the most powerful and efficient tools ofNanotechnology. Commerical Nano tools Nano manipulators Near-field optical microscopes; Nano machining tools ; Advanced optical lithography tools.
  11. 11. Manufactured Nano materials - Aluminum Oxide Cerium Oxide Iron Nano particles Silver Nano particles Titanium dioxide Zinc Oxide Silicon dioxide Polystyrene Dendrimers Nan clays Carbon black Fullerenes(C60) Single-walled carbon Nano tubes(SWCNTs) Multi-walled carbon Nano tubes(MWCNTs)
  12. 12. Share of Nanomaterial Demand by Type, 2003-2025
  13. 13. Global Nano device Sales (Including Commercial Nano devices), Through to 2015 (USD $ Million) CAGR% 2010- APPLICATION 2009 2010 2015 2015Nano-HPLC 28.0 30.5 47.0 9.0Nanosensors 3.0 4.9 20.7 33.4Drug production and mixing systems 0.0 0.0 16.0 --TOTAL COMMERCIAL 31.0 35.4 83.7 18.8Developmental 0.0 0.0 150.0 --TOTAL 31.0 35.4 233.7 45.9
  14. 14. Nano sensorskey future applications for Nano sensor technology include:Healthcare; Nano sensors will assist in monitoring the health of patients and the general public.The agricultural industry; Nano sensors will assist in monitoring the health of crops and farm animals as well as waterresource management.The food industry;The oil and gas sector; Nano sensors will assist in allowing the high throughput detection of uncharted oil and gasreserves.Environmental remediation applications including applications in air, soil and water remediation.Military and security use for the prompt detection of biological and chemical threats.The automotive industry will look to invest in Nano sensing mechanisms to enhance performance.System of SystemsThis activity will be driven by:The benefit of each technology;Their ability to communicate with other technologies ;Their self-poweredness;MemoryNano science is emerging in the field of computer and data storageOther new memory technologies will include magnetic random access memory, ferroelectric memory, Nano-floating-gate devices, and phase-change chalcogenide memory.
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