Agriculture contributes around 13% of the GDP and employs about a third of the active population.
The warm climate and the abundant Nile water allows for several annual harvests.
The main crops are cereals, cotton, sugar cane and beets.
Egypt remains a country with little industry. With its diverse natural reserves (gold, minerals, iron, oil and gas), oil and gas-related activities and the secondary sector account for just over a third of the GDP.
Egypt is the world's sixth largest exporter of natural gas.
Egyptian tertiary sector represents around 50 % of the Egyptian GDP. It is largely dominated by revenues from telecommunications (which grew by 11% during the first quarter of 2010) and from tourism (the tourist industry brings about 11b in annual revenues. For example Cairo received 14m of visitors in 2010).
In spite of its economy's diversification, the country still depends for a large part of its income
on the Suez Canal (380m during the first quarter of 2010).