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China has a highly diversified economy, dominated by the manufacturing and agricultural sectors.
The agricultural sector employs almost 40% of the active population and contributes up to about 10% to the GDP, although only 15% of the Chinese soil (about 1.2 M km) is arable.
China is the most populated country in the world and one of the largest producers and consumers of agricultural produce.
China is the leading global producer of cereals, rice, cotton, potatoes and tea.
In terms of livestock, it also dominates sheep and pork livestock farming and the world's production of fish products.
The mining sector occupies an important place in the Chinese economy, since the country's subsoil is rich in energetic resources.