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Unit 3


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Unit 3

  1. 1. UNIT 3“Mountains and Volcanoes”
  2. 2. Unit 1Watch the video about MOUNTAINS IN EL SALVADOR.Click here1. Apaneca, mountains in townActivityInvestigate. There are Hotels, cities and town in Ahuachapán where canyou stay, investigate the name of them and write. Read the follow informationin order to understand more about this place.The small town Apaneca is 16 km southeast to the city of Ahuachapan and 100 km from San Salvador.Apaneca is located on a picturesque and cold elevation of 1,477 meters above sea level, surrounded byextinct volcanoes such as Chichicastepec or Big one of Apaneca and the Cunhtepec or Green Lagoon.Apaneca in Nahuatl means: "River of Winds" Apan = river or current and Ehecatl = wind.
  3. 3. Apaneca became a town on February 10th 1874. This "short plain surrounded by very high hills", asdescribed by archbishop Pedro Cortéz and Larráz in 1770, witnessed on April 16th 1876 the triumph of theSalvadoran armies, commanded by General Francisco Menéndez, over Guatemalans.The mountain range of Apaneca from Sonsonate to Ahuachapán via Nahuizalco - Salcoatitán - Apaneca, isone of the most beautiful landscapes of the Salvadorian countryside and will sure amaze you. The "LagunaVerde" and "Laguna de las Ninfas" are both located inside craters of extinct volcanoes in the area.Volcanoes National Park For lovers of outdoor walks and beautiful scenery in the park are allowed accessto the summits of the three volcanes.El Volcanoes National Park is located at the eastern end of theCordillera Apaneca-Ilamatepec , consisting of about 14 volcanoes geologically young (between 2 millionand 250 years), ranging from from the Cerro Grande Apaneca to Coatepeque Lake Caldera, in the central-western El Salvador, the departments of Santa Ana and Sonsonate.2. National Park Cerro VerdeActivityAccording with the information create a brochure for tourist withthe follow pictures.Since the National Park Cerro Verde reopened its doors to the public in December 2002 it offersvisitors many new changes. The Ministry of Tourism has made a big effort together with the guidesin order to provide of better quality services. They offer an interpretation of the environment in aneducational and unique way. The guides are local people from the surrounding neighborhoods.The Nahuatl name for Cerro Verde is Cuntetepeque.Main attractions: pathways, sight spots, flora and fauna, orchid nursery.Services: Basic, toilets, parking lot.Food: Cafeteria.Others: Local Guides.Entrance fees: $1.00 per person and $1.00 per car.Altitude: The Park is located at 2030 meters above sea level, in the western part of the country,between the departments of Santa Ana and Sonsonate.How to get there: Those traveling in their own vehicle take the road that from San Salvador takesyou to Santa Ana, when you get to "El Congo" make a left or if coming from Sonsonate take thedetour "Puerta Roja". By bus: Take the bus Ni 201 at the west terminal going to Santa Ana, thenroute 248 going to Cerro Verde.
  4. 4. 3.Cerro de San Jacinto: ruinas, deforestación, agricultura y pandillasActivityWith your dictionary translate the information in English. Thisexercise will help you to win new vocabulary.El cerro de San Jacinto esconde infinidad de historias: desde las aventuras vividas en su famosoteleférico hasta la agricultura que goza hoy en día. Este lugar sobresale por su notable extensióny sus definidos relieves que cruzan los municipios de San Marcos, San Salvador, Soyapango ySanto Tomás.Por el lado de San Jacinto, del municipio de San Salvador,se encuentra la calle que conduce hacia la primera fincaen el camino: El Regalo. El camino es solitario ysilencioso. Aunque a veces ese silencio se rompe con elcanto de los pájaros que vuelan entre las ramas deárboles de todo tipo. Al avanzar, desde lejos, se visualizanlas paredes de una casa, que en realidad no es una casa.Es el abandonado beneficio de café de la Finca SantaClara, que vio épocas hace más de 30 años.En la Finca El Regalo se esconde la casa de JoséHernández, el caporal de la hacienda que cultiva cafésalvadoreño en la única colina de San Salvador: el Cerrode San Jacinto. Este posee una elevación de 300 metrossobre su base. Hay dos formas de llegar hasta esta casa: la primera es en carro, en una calleempedrada, llena de arcilla, hojas secas a montones, animales silvestres y frutas de temporada,como las paternas, los pepetos y mameyes. La otra, a pie, por veredas empinadas, resbaladizasa causa de la lluvia recién caída y tierras olorosas a excremento, sea de animales o de humanos.
  5. 5. 4. Sierra de ApanecaAs activity investigate about this beautiful place and make a summarywith your own words.Apaneca, picturesque town of mountain village of Apaneca is located 16 km southeast of the cityof Ahuachapan and 100 km from San Salvador. It is in a picturesque and cold altiplano at 1.477meters of altitude and Apaneca by extinct volcanoes such as Chichicastepec or Grande deApaneca, Cunhtepec or Laguna Verde. Apaneca in Nahuatl means: "River of Winds" comes fromApan = river or stream and Ehecatl = wind. Apaneca became a town on February 10, 1874.
  6. 6. Watch the next VideoClick here5. Izalco (volcano)ActivityUnderline the verbs you find in present, then make sentences inpast with them.Izalco is a stratovolcano on the side of the Santa Ana Volcano, which is located in western ElSalvador. It is situated on the southern flank of the Santa Ana volcano. Izalco erupted almostcontinuously from 1770 (when it formed) to 1958 earning it the nickname of "Lighthouse of thePacific", and experienced a flank eruption in 1966. During an eruption in 1926, the village ofMatazano was buried and 56 people were killed. The formation of the volcano actually occupiedhighly arable land on the southern slope of the Santa Ana volcano which was used for theproduction of coffee, cacao and sugar cane.TourismThe volcano is visited and climbed regularly by tourists to El Salvador via the Cerro Verde NationalPark and is a national icon of the country, even featured on the 10 colón bank note (US dollarsreplaced the colon in 2001, so the bank note is no longer in circulation). The volcano iscurrently quiescent but may erupt again.A hotel was built on the nearby Cerro Verde to provide accommodation with a view of the eruptingvolcano, but the volcano ceased to erupt shortly before the hotel was completed.
  7. 7. 6. Santa Ana (volcano)ActivityTranslate into SPANISH the information.The Santa Ana Volcano or Ilamatepec (Spanish: volcán de Santa Ana) is alarge stratovolcano located in the Santa Ana department of El Salvador. At 2,381 metres abovesea level, it is the highest volcano in the country. It is located immediately west of CoatepequeCaldera.The summit of Santa Ana features four nested calderas and volcanic craters, with the innermostcontaining a small crater lake. Collapse of the summit during the late Pleistocene (inferring fromunderlying soil samples, the upper age limit is no more than 57 000 years ago) produced amassive debris avalanche that reached the Pacific Ocean, forming the Acajutla Peninsula.Subsequent eruptions have largely rebuilt the edifice. There have been numerous historicaleruptions since the 16th century, both at the summit and from cinder cones on the lower flanks,and also the flank vents of San Marcelino located east of Santa Ana. The San Marcelino ventserupted in 1722 and flowed eastwards for 11 km, destroying the village of San Juan Tecpan.In October, 2005, the volcano erupted, killing at least two people, injuring seven people, forcingmany people to flee their villages. The volcano spat rocks for over 1.5 km (0.93 mi) with rocks the
  8. 8. size of cars. The eruption contributed to the damage from Hurricane Stan. The most recentprevious eruption had been in 1904.7. Guazapa (volcano)ActivityInvestigate what we can do as tourists in this place then write.Guazapa volcano is located 23 km NE of San Salvador, El Salvador. It is 30 km north of SanSalvador volcano.Guazapa is an eroded stratovolcano, with deep valleys on the flanks. There is no remnant of asummit crater. The volcano rises 1000 m from the surrounding plain.Macanze scoria cone is located at the SE base of the volcano, and may have erupted within thepast few thousand years.
  9. 9. Read the article and answer the questions
  10. 10. 1. Did you visit the Boquerón?2. What kinds of animals you could see?3. What do you thing about the Boquerón Park?