Wheel of theYear
Sam & Gam
(Summer & Winter)
Samhain - End of
Most ‘popular’ festival in Irish literature
Beginning of Dark season
Association with Death and Otherworld
Fairies on the move
Festivals & Feasting
Tribute -Tara, 3 days
Apples & Nuts
Fire festival – Coming Darkness
Community – reliance, shared fears
Cull, slaughter – Bone Fires
Hearth Fires – Fresh start, shared source
Fairies on the move, Summer toWinter
Seeking human child or lover
Time of change – disguise (straw boys)
No boundaries - Cross dress, wild times
Tricks, jokes, anything goes
Protection for any who travel out - Dress Up!
Help the Halloween party!
Boundaries – Community geography
Hunting at an end – Quarter of the Fian
Wild pig – Nov to Jan
“Name of food which is carried to the Lord before
Christmas... is the Samhain Pig”
Raiding at an end – weather, ease
Grain & fruit harvest... DRINK!
Plans for next year
Who was Jack?!
Lighted Lanterns placed in windows
Ward off unfriendly spirits
Shamanic culture – guidance, guardianship
I SEE DEAD PEOPLE
Early to Bed
Leave a good fire in!
Otherworld, Manannán Mac Lir
Silver branch with 3 golden apples
Music would soothe to sleep the sick or wounded
Imram – voyage
Cross the sea to obtain the apples
Bobbing for apples?!
Hazelnuts – Find the Seer, Divination
Salmon of knowledge, 9 sacred nuts
Feasting & Merriment
Bobbing for Apples
Peeling the Apple
Nuts in the Fire
Lock of hair to the Fire
Bairín Breac (speckled loaf)
Ring = Marriage
Thimble = Spinsterhood
Button = Bachelorhood
Matchstick = Spousal abuse
Bean = Poverty
Pea = Wealth
Holy Medal = Religious Orders
Little Boat = Journey.
Time of Change
“It is the poet’s duty to
be with the king at
Samhain and protect
him from enchantment”
We thought Spring is new year?
Before visible growth – Darkness
Winter - Time for Introspection
Eliminate your weakness – Cull & Cleanse!