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Distance education in Russia and beyond

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Oeb icde case of russia smirnova 01.12.2011_slide_share

  1. 1. ONLINE EDUCA BERLIN 2011ICDE Special Focus Session Learning Cultures –An International Panorama The Case of Russia Dr. Irina SmirnovaMoscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics (MESI) 01.12.2011
  2. 2. BRIC: Brazil, Russia, India, China (Jim ONeill, 2001) + South Africa (2011) = BRICS, Growing economicsBRIC: 26 % of the Earth territory,42 % of the world population, and 14,6 % of the world GDP(World Bank, 2010 ) -- GDP of China -- GDP of India -- GDP of Brazil -- World GDP -- GDP of Russia -- GDP of the USA
  3. 3. Rate of Economic Growth (the 3rd quarter of 2011) 9.1%10.0% 8.1% 9.0% 8.0% 7.0% 6.0% 4.8% 5.0% 3.1% 4.0% 2.6% % 3.0% 1.6% 1.6% 2.0% 0.5% 1.0% 0.0%
  4. 4. Russia TodayPopulation (1 Oct. 2011): 142,9 millionTerritory: 17 075 400 km² -- Russian GDP -- World GDP
  5. 5. Education & Learning Education asLearning as an activity formalized, organized and regulated learningof getting information process leading to theor capacities for doing recognition of asomething in different certain level of skills settings: formal, non- and knowledge (usually awarded with formal & informal some certificate or diploma)
  6. 6. Forms of Education 5. Self- 1. Full-time education education 4. 2. Distance Externship education By correspondence, with the use of 3. Part- distance time educational education technologies Forms 1+2(evening classes)
  7. 7. Distance Education in Russia •First steps (predominantly in Higher Education). Part-time (evening classes) and distance education1920s (by correspondence) delivered by traditional HEIs • DE with the use of ITs (computer-1990s based, multimedia, video- and audio records) • DE & DL with the use of Internet in all spheres of2000s social life and all forms of education
  8. 8. Internet-users (World Bank, 2009)-- Internet-users in the world: 27,1% of population-- Internet-users in Russia : 42,1% of population
  9. 9. Number of Internet-users (ComScore Data, September 2011) Number of individual Total number of individual Internet-users above 15 years Internet-users above 15 old (in millions) years old (in millions) 5150.850.6 373.450.4 Europe50.2 50.8 5049.8 50.1 Rest of the49.6 world 1046.6 Germany Russia (first place in Europe)
  10. 10. DE & DL in Russia DE & DL users Technologies used DE market in Russia Higher school Multimedia technologies Software developers Secondary school (DVD, audio, animation , video) The Internet-basedIndustries (in-service technologies training and re- (corporate e-learning Content designers training) systems, LMS, e- Campus…)People with special needs Satellite broadcasting DE providers Individuals (self- (only one university) training)
  11. 11. Russian Content DesignersUp to 20 companies only According to the market experts this number should be 10 TIMES HIGHER!
  12. 12. Corporate DE (e-Learning) In-service training & retraining Industries Other organizations• Russian Railways (RZhD)• MMC Norilsk Nickel • State Duma• United Company RUSAL • Federal Assembly and others • Central Bank • Saving bank and others Course Designers
  13. 13. Corporate DE (2) •DE market in corporate segment in Russia increases significantly: 80% growth yearly (all market: 20% growth yearly) (Ambient Insight and Russian portal Smart Education)Developments Saving funds due to ICT (e.g. yearly retraining of RUSAL staff with the use of DE reduces training costs for 60%) •Lack of content producers Challenges •High prices of DE courses affordable only for large companies but not for SME •Joining efforts of SME as well Possible as Public Private Partnership solutions •Increasing number of content designers and DE providers
  14. 14. Russian Educational System Post-graduate Professional MBA programs education re-trainingHigher education (master programs) Higher education Higher education (bachelor) (specialist) UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATIONS Secondary school (specialized Secondary school (upper professional training school) secondary education) Secondary school (general education schools) Pre-school education (kindergardens)
  15. 15. Secondary School “In post-soviet period 13 thousand small schools were closed in remote areas. New technologies allow to teach at a distance. And this is a best alternative to the closing schools in small settlements as far such closing leads to the end of the settlements themselves” Oleg Smolin, Deputy Chair of the Committee for Education under the State Duma •By 2010 computers and Internet-connection in every schoolDevelopments •Distance Learning used for supporting education, access to virtual libraries and museums as well as self-training of teachers •Distance Education is still prohibited in Challenges secondary school and only Distance Learning is possible as supportive means •Shift in legislationPossible solutions •Training teachers
  16. 16. DE in Other Sectors With the Russian Without the RussianGovernment support Government support DL for secondary schoolchildren with special DE for TVET needs (Moscow, (MESI College Nizhny for Informatics & Novgorod, Management) Orenburg & other regions)
  17. 17. Higher Professional School (1) •Increased number of DL students (2,7 million) •Raising interest in DE in conventional universitiesDevelopments and their opening towards blended learning • Decrease of secondary school Challenges graduates (1,3 million in 2006 and 0,7 million in 2012 expected) and saturation of DE HE marketPossible solutions • Expansion of DE in HE to other target groups
  18. 18. Number of Distance Learning Students in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)Thousands Students Number3000.0 2710.32500.02000.0 1761.8 1500.0 985.41000.0 500.0 892.3 0.0 128.0 1940/41 1970/71 1990/91 2000/01 2009/10
  19. 19. Higher Professional School (2) •Good technical facilities and access to the Internet •From July, 1 2008 the National Standard onDevelopments requirements to the integrated automatized management systems in HEIs is in forces • Many students are more skilled in Challenges ICT than their teachers • Lack of professionals in pedagogical design shaped for DE • Training teachers. Net-generation joining thePossible solutions academic community.
  20. 20. Higher Professi0nal School (3) •Sharing responsibilities in distance teaching practice (content designers, facilitators, moderators, etc.)Developments • The Russian Classifier of Professions doesn’t contain such words as tutor, Pedagogical or Instructional Challenges Designer, etc. • There are no related degrees.Possible solutions • Adjustment of the Classifier
  21. 21. Higher Professi0nal School (3) •Regulatory framework for DEDevelopments changes but very slowly • Some old norms and regulations with which HEIs must comply (to be accredited) are contradictory to the reality of distance learning, e.g. ratio student/ teacher, square meters per Challenges student, number of volumes in a library (neglecting digital libraries), requirement for grading exams only in the premises owned by HEI, and others Possible solutions • Adjustment of the Law on Education (under the second reading in the Parliament)
  22. 22. Global DE Development: Joint Work Legislation (ICDE Regulatory Framework) Technological Standards (IMS GLC – SCORM) e-Learning standards (JTC1 ISO/IEC) Quality assurance systems for DE (e.g. EADTU’s e- Xcellence benchmarking tool for e-learning – study program level; EFQUEL’s UNIQue – institutional level) Sharing experience (ONLINE EDUCA, ICDE, EADTU, EDEN, EFQUEL and other conferences; bilateral and multilateral projects and activities)
  23. 23. Come Together! •UNESCO Global level •ICDE •IMS GLC… •Regional associations (e.g. in Europe Regional level EUA, EADTU, EDEN, EFQ UEL…) •National associations National level (e.g. International e- University consortium) •DE UsersInstitutional Level •DE Designers •DE Providers
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention! Chief of the Department for International ProjectsMoscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics (MESI) ISmirnova@mesi.ru