Living longer and better

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Enfermedades cardiacas

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Living longer and better

  1. 1. LIVING LONGER AND BETTER Cardiovascular diseases
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease: Variety of heart diseases, illnesses, and events that impact the heart and circulatory system, including high blood pressure and coronary artery disease and are noncommunicable. </li></ul><ul><li>It's known as heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a lot of types of cardiovascular diseases. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of cardiovascular diseases <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><li>Atherosclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>Angina pectoris </li></ul><ul><li>Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cardiovascular disease <ul><li>Variety of diseases, disorders and conditions that affect to heart and blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms: depend on the type. A classic symptom is the chest pain. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk factors include: hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Other risk factors: being of African-American ancestry, be male, drink excessive alcohol, have a lot of stress, smoke and have a family history of a heart attack. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Atherosclerosis
  6. 7. Symptoms/ Diagnosis <ul><li>It doesn’t produce symptoms until the damage to the arteries is severe enough to restrict blood flow. </li></ul><ul><li>Restriction of blood flow to the heart muscle can cause angina pectoris or a myocardial infarction; it have another symptoms as pains in legs when you walk. </li></ul>
  7. 8. What is it? <ul><li>Atherosclerosis is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>It affects only the inner lining of an artery. It is characterized by plaque deposits that block the flow of blood. </li></ul><ul><li>The plaque formation stimulates the cells of the artery wall to produce substances that accumulate in the inner layer. The artery's diameter is reduced, and blood flow and oxygen delivery are decreased. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Risk <ul><li>Smoke. S econd hand-smoke may also increase risk. </li></ul><ul><li>High blood cholesterol. </li></ul><ul><li>High triglycerides. </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical inactivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes mellitus </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul>
  9. 10. Angina pectoris
  10. 11. Symptoms/ Diagnosis <ul><li>When a person angina, symptoms usually are set off by one of the following triggers: </li></ul><ul><li>Physical exertion </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stress </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to cold </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased oxygen content in the air you breathe using a stimulant such as caffeine or smoking cigarettes. </li></ul>
  11. 12. What is it?
  12. 13. Risk <ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Family history </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulants: nicotine, cocaine, caffeine,... </li></ul>
  13. 14. Arrhythmias
  14. 15. <ul><li>Symptoms/ Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Fast or slow heart beat </li></ul><ul><li>Skipping beats </li></ul><ul><li>Lightheadedness, dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Paleness </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul>
  15. 16. What is it? <ul><li>It’s a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. During one, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or with an irregular rhythm. </li></ul><ul><li>Most arrhythmias are harmless, but some can be serious or even life threatening. During an arrhythmia, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body. Lack of blood flow can damage the brain, heart, and other organs. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Risk <ul><li>High blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Infections that damage the heart muscle or the sac around the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep apnea. </li></ul><ul><li>An overactive or underactive thyroid gland. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Hypertension
  18. 19. Symptoms/Diagnosis <ul><li>Some people with uncomplicated hypertension, may experience symptoms such as headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, and blurred vision. Often, a person's first contact with a physician may be after significant damage to the end-organs has occurred. </li></ul>
  19. 20. What is it? <ul><li>High blood pressure is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and other health problems. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blood pressure&quot; is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways. </li></ul><ul><li>This illness has to be very controlled by a doctor. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Risk <ul><li>Smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Afro- American </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Substances as caffeine, nicotine, illegal drugs,… </li></ul>
  21. 22. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arr/ </li></ul>

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