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Ipsos European Pulse August 2015 - Views on the EU

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An Ipsos survey of citizens in nine European countries finds a majority of respondents (73%) think things across the EU are headed in the wrong direction, and fewer than half agree that EU membership has improved their own standard of living. Attitudes are most negative among French respondents, with only 15% saying the union is on the right track, and of all countries surveyed only Spain responded more positively to this question than in 2014.

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Ipsos European Pulse August 2015 - Views on the EU

  1. 1. 1 © 2015 Ipsos. Ipsos European Pulse August 2015 Views on the EU
  2. 2. 2 © 2015 Ipsos. ARE THINGS GOING IN RIGHT DIRECTION OR WRONG TRACK ACROSS THE EU? Large - and increasing - majorities in most countries think the EU is going in the wrong direction. Indeed, a majority of EU citizens in all nine countries agree that things across the EU are heading off on the wrong track. The proportion thinking things are headed in the wrong direction has increased in eight of nine countries since 2014.
  3. 3. 3 © 2015 Ipsos. Are things across the European Union going in the right direction or are they on the wrong track? IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Generally speaking, would you say things across the European Union are heading in the right direction or are they off on the wrong track? Base: 7,096 respondents from nine countries (Belgium: 505, France, 1,016, Germany, 1,015, Great Britain: 1,019, Hungary: 500, Italy: 1,015, Poland: 505, Spain: 1,016, Sweden: 505), July 24th - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. Country average: 27% 30% OR MORE 20% TO 29% 19% OR LESS 15% 32% 16% 29% 34% 32% 27% 36% % saying ‘heading in right direction’ 36% 25%
  4. 4. 4 © 2015 Ipsos. IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Country average: 73% 80% OR MORE 71% TO 79% 70% OR LESS % saying ‘off on the wrong track’ GENERALLY SPEAKING, WOULD YOU SAY THINGS ACROSS THE EUROPEAN UNION ARE HEADING IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION OR ARE THEY OFF ON THE WRONG TRACK? BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 85% 68% 84% 71% 66% 68% 73% 75% 64% Are things across the European Union going in the right direction or are they on the wrong track?
  5. 5. 5 © 2015 Ipsos. IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 Are things going in the right direction or are they on the wrong track? TREND FROM 2014 GENERALLY SPEAKING, WOULD YOU SAY THINGS ACROSS THE EUROPEAN UNION ARE HEADING IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION OR ARE THEY OFF ON THE WRONG TRACK? BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. INCREASE OF 7 POINTS OR MORE INCREASE OF 4 – 6 POINTS INCREASE OF 1 – 3 POINTS NO CHANGE DECREASE OF 1 – 3 POINTS DECREASE OF 4 – 6 POINTS DECREASE OF 7 POINTS OR MORE % point change saying ‘heading in right direction’ since March 2014 Country average: 27% (-5 from March 2014) -8 -4 -5 -6 +8 -8 -7 -3 -9
  6. 6. 6 © 2015 Ipsos. HAS EU MEMBERSHIP SUPPORTED MEMBER STATES’ LIVING STANDARDS? Six in ten in disagree that their personal standard of living is higher now than if their country had not joined the EU. However, this is a slight improvement in views of the living standard benefits of EU membership since 2014.
  7. 7. 7 © 2015 Ipsos. 8% 27% 40% 25% IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE STANDARD OF LIVING FOR ME AND MY FAMILY IS HIGHER NOW THAN IT WOULD HAVE BEEN IF MY COUNTRY HAD NOT JOINED THE EUROPEAN UNION BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 10% 31% 37% 22%AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH March 2014 August 2015 35% 65% 41% 59% Has EU membership helped support living standards?
  8. 8. 8 © 2015 Ipsos. 11 7 13 13 14 8 10 7 11 8 8 10 9 9 9 8 3 4 39 32 36 31 30 29 31 26 30 24 30 28 28 26 27 21 29 24 37 46 39 29 29 34 38 46 37 41 40 41 38 42 27 34 49 50 12 15 13 27 27 29 21 22 22 27 23 21 26 23 36 37 18 21 Has EU membership helped support living standards? COUNTRY TREND IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE STANDARD OF LIVING FOR ME AND MY FAMILY IS HIGHER NOW THAN IT WOULD HAVE BEEN IF MY COUNTRY HAD NOT JOINED THE EUROPEAN UNION BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 Great Britain Poland Hungary Germany Spain Belgium France Italy Sweden 2015 2014
  9. 9. 9 © 2015 Ipsos. DOES THE EU UNFAIRLY ADVANTAGE MORE DEVELOPED MEMBER STATES? Large majorities of citizens in more economically challenged EU countries feel that the EU gives an advantage to their more economically developed neighbours. Three quarters of Italian citizens agree, as do a similar proportion of Spaniards. However, the majority disagree in Germany and Sweden.
  10. 10. 10 © 2015 Ipsos. Does the EU unfairly advantage the Union’s more developed members? IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE EUROPEAN UNION GIVES AN UNFAIR ADVANTAGE TO MORE ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 18% 39% 32% 11% 19% 40% 31% 11% AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH March 2014 August 2015 57% 43% 59% 41%
  11. 11. 11 © 2015 Ipsos. Does the EU unfairly advantage the Union’s more developed members? COUNTRY TREND IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: THE EUROPEAN UNION GIVES AN UNFAIR ADVANTAGE TO MORE ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 31 27 34 33 22 18 15 10 23 24 15 15 13 17 12 7 8 9 46 44 42 40 41 46 46 42 34 31 42 43 39 39 33 31 33 36 18 23 19 22 33 25 33 40 24 29 29 32 36 33 40 44 44 42 6 6 6 6 4 11 6 8 18 16 14 10 11 11 15 17 15 12 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 Italy Spain Poland Great Britain Hungary France Belgium Germany Sweden 2015 2014
  12. 12. 12 © 2015 Ipsos. HAS EU PRESSURE TO CUT SPENDING DAMAGED MEMBER STATES’ ECONOMIES? Two thirds say that their country’s economy has been damaged by EU pressure on their governments to cut spending. Eight in ten Italians say their country’s economy has been damaged by EU pressure to implement spending cuts.
  13. 13. 13 © 2015 Ipsos. 21% 42% 29% 8% IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: MY COUNTRY’S ECONOMY HAS BEEN DAMAGED BY EU PRESSURE ON EUROZONE MEMBER GOVERNMENTS TO CUT THEIR SPENDING BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 24% 39% 29% 9% AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH March 2014 August 2015 62% 38% 63% 38% Has EU pressure to cut spending damaged member states’ economies?
  14. 14. 14 © 2015 Ipsos. 42 30 34 27 37 39 28 25 17 13 15 11 19 17 14 17 7 9 39 40 44 48 40 36 48 43 42 51 38 40 32 37 33 38 36 40 14 22 17 20 17 22 20 27 34 30 38 41 31 31 43 29 42 43 5 8 5 5 5 4 4 5 7 6 10 9 17 16 10 16 14 8 Has EU pressure to cut spending damaged member states’ economies? COUNTRY TREND IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: MY COUNTRY’S ECONOMY HAS BEEN DAMAGED BY EU PRESSURE ON EUROZONE MEMBER GOVERNMENTS TO CUT THEIR SPENDING BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. AGREE VERY MUCH AGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE SOMEWHAT DISAGREE VERY MUCH 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 Italy France Spain Belgium Great Britain Germany Hungary Poland Sweden 2015 2014
  15. 15. 15 © 2015 Ipsos. MORE OR LESS POWER FOR THE EU? Despite the concerns seen, there has been no increase in support for leaving the EU since 2014 – and in Britain the proportion who want to leave has slightly fallen. France is more in favour of greater integration than in 2014, although both Italy and Spain are now less in favour.
  16. 16. 16 © 2015 Ipsos. 19% 19% 11% 32% 18% 19% 21% 15% 29% 17% More or less power for the EU? IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 WORK FOR THE FORMATION OF A SINGLE EUROPEAN GOVERNMENT STAY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TRY TO INCREASE THE EUROPEAN UNION’S POWERS LEAVE THINGS AS THEY ARE STAY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TRY TO REDUCE THE EUROPEAN UNION’S POWERS LEAVE THE EUROPEAN UNION March 2014 August 2015 PLEASE INDICATE WHAT YOU THINK THE LONG-TERM POLICY OF YOUR COUNTRY SHOULD BE: BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015.
  17. 17. 17 © 2015 Ipsos. More or less power for the EU? COUNTRY TREND IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE WHAT YOU THINK THE LONG-TERM POLICY OF YOUR COUNTRY SHOULD BE: BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. WORK FOR THE FORMATION OF A SINGLE EUROPEAN GOVERNMENT STAY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TRY TO INCREASE THE EUROPEAN UNION’S POWERS LEAVE THINGS AS THEY ARE STAY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TRY TO REDUCE THE EUROPEAN UNION’S POWERS LEAVE THE EUROPEAN UNION 27 23 24 21 31 27 19 25 24 28 21 22 11 17 9 5 3 5 37 31 30 17 18 13 23 23 17 21 20 26 21 24 13 12 8 8 7 4 7 7 16 16 17 11 6 4 12 7 20 15 25 14 21 18 18 25 17 36 22 29 25 27 30 25 35 33 38 34 30 43 45 40 11 17 22 19 14 16 15 14 23 21 11 12 10 11 23 26 24 28 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 Hungary France Belgium Germany Italy Spain Poland Sweden Great Britain 2015 2014
  18. 18. 18 © 2015 Ipsos. Support for integration stable on average, but shifts at country-level, with big increase in France IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 PLEASE INDICATE WHAT YOU THINK THE LONG-TERM POLICY OF YOUR COUNTRY SHOULD BE: BASE: 7,096 RESPONDENTS FROM NINE COUNTRIES (BELGIUM: 505, FRANCE, 1,016, GERMANY, 1,015, GREAT BRITAIN: 1,019, HUNGARY: 500, ITALY: 1,015, POLAND: 505, SPAIN: 1,016, SWEDEN: 505), JULY 24TH - AUGUST 7TH, 2015. 40 64 54 49 42 41 41 32 22 11 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Average HU FR BE DE IT ES PL SE GB Mar-14 Aug-15 % of those saying ‘work towards the formation of a single European government’ or ‘stay in the European Union and increase the European Union’s powers’
  19. 19. 19 © 2015 Ipsos. Technical note IPSOS EUROPEAN PULSE: AUGUST 2015 THESE ARE FINDINGS OF RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY THE GLOBAL RESEARCH COMPANY IPSOS. RESPONDENTS AGED 16-64 WERE INTERVIEWED VIA THE IPSOS GLOBAL @DVISOR ONLINE PANEL IN BELGIUM, FRANCE, GREAT BRITAIN, GERMANY, HUNGARY, ITALY, POLAND, SPAIN AND SWEDEN BETWEEN JULY 24 - AUGUST 7, 2015. APPROXIMATELY 1000+ INDIVIDUALS PARTICIPATED ON A COUNTRY BY COUNTRY BASIS WITH THE EXCEPTION OF BELGIUM, HUNGARY, POLAND AND SWEDEN WHERE EACH HAVE A SAMPLE APPROXIMATELY 500+.
  20. 20. 20 © 2015 Ipsos. Contacts Bobby Duffy Managing Director, Ipsos Social Research Instititue Bobby.duffy@ipsos.com Michael Clemence Senior Research Executive, Ipsos Social Research Institute Michael.clemence@ipsos.com +44 20 3473 3484 Mike Wheeler Senior Research Executive, Ipsos Social Research Institute Michael.wheeler@ipsos.com +44 20 3473 3125
  21. 21. 21 © 2015 Ipsos. ABOUT IPSOS Ipsos ranks third in the global research industry. With a strong presence in 87 countries, Ipsos employs more than 16,000 people and has the ability to conduct research programs in more than 100 countries. Founded in France in 1975, Ipsos is controlled and managed by research professionals. They have built a solid Group around a multi-specialist positioning – Media and advertising research; Marketing research; Client and employee relationship management; Opinion & social research; Mobile, Online, Offline data collection and delivery. Ipsos is listed on Eurolist - NYSE-Euronext. The company is part of the SBF 120 and the Mid-60 index and is eligible for the Deferred Settlement Service (SRD). ISIN code FR0000073298, Reuters ISOS.PA, Bloomberg IPS:FP www.ipsos.com GAME CHANGERS At Ipsos we are passionately curious about people, markets, brands and society. We deliver information and analysis that makes our complex world easier and faster to navigate and inspires our clients to make smarter decisions. We believe that our work is important. Security, simplicity, speed and substance applies to everything we do. Through specialisation, we offer our clients a unique depth of knowledge and expertise. Learning from different experiences gives us perspective and inspires us to boldly call things into question, to be creative. By nurturing a culture of collaboration and curiosity, we attract the highest calibre of people who have the ability and desire to influence and shape the future. “GAME CHANGERS” - our tagline - summarises our ambition.

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