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Why Are Investors Leaving Emerging Markets?
Remember when the BRICS nations were all set to surge into the forefront of the global economy? Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa were all seeing spectacular economic growth and attracting huge amounts of foreign direct investment. These nations are still substantial actors on the world stage but their growth has slowed and in some cases reversed course. Investors have been pulling their money out of these markets and putting it into the USA, Europe, and Japan. So, what happened? Why are investors leaving emerging markets?
China Moves to Adjust Its Economy
China helped lead the way out of the financial crisis and the Great Recession by doubling down on their investments in both infrastructure and industrial capacity. Nations, like Brazil, saw huge benefits as China’s industrial machine consumed more and more raw materials. The price of oil skyrocketed making not only OPEC happy but also Russia and Brazil. China had been expanding its state-run economy for years and steadily increasing its customer base to span the globe.
But, as large as the world economy is, it is finite. And, the industrialized economies of the world got tired of seeing jobs and whole industries pivot to China. China had over-built its industrial base and now saw a substantial slowdown in growth, closing factories, and even labor unrest. A slower Chinese economy needed fewer raw materials and the emerging markets suffered.