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The bombing of the World Trade Center (WTC) in February 1993 was a landmark act of terrorism. At least officially, it was the first major strike in the US by radical Islamic militants and as such pre-empted the attacks of 9/11. The perpetrators were a group of men based out of the Al-Kifah refugee center in the Al Farooq mosque in Brooklyn, New York. This was the local branch of the Maktab al-Khidamat or Mujahideen Services Office that funnelled money and people to Afghanistan during the war with the Soviets.
The bombing resulted in several trials ? US vs Salameh et al in 1994, US vs Rahman et al in 1995, and US vs Yousef et al in 1997. The first trial prosecuted several of those in New York who had assisted in building and delivering the bomb. The second trial prosecuted the Blind Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman and some of his followers for a ?seditious conspiracy? that included the WTC bombing, the ?Day of Terror? plot and several solicitations to murder Hosni Mubarek. The third trial prosecuted Ramzi Yousef, the man primarily responsible for choosing the target and building the bomb.
Nonetheless, the case is still subject to a swirl of conspiracy theories, mostly revolving around the FBI informant Emad Salem, who infiltrated the group at the Al-Kifah both before and after the bombing. The idea that Salem built the bomb is misleading, as he was actually sacked by the FBI in the summer of 1992 and wasn?t involved with the Al-Kifah group from then until after the bombing.
The more substantive theories are based on the issue of the Bind Sheikh being some kind of CIA asset, the legends created around Ramzi Yousef and also the possible involvement of triple agent Ali Mohamed. The forensic science investigation of the bombing was also particularly bad. This document collection includes files that shed light on these questions and provide a basis for establishing a more subtle view of exactly who was responsible for the bombing and why they did what they did.