WHITE PAPERw w w . i a o . o r gEDUCATIONALTECHNOLOGY –SCOPE & LIMITATIONSINTERNATIONAL ACCREDITATIONORGANIZATION
Table of Contents12345791011Executive SummaryEducational Technology- What it is?The Evolution of Educational TechnologyImpact of Technology on EducationImportance of Technology in the Education IndustryImpact of Educational Technology on StudentsPostive EffectsNegative EffectsImpact of Educational Technology on EducatorsPostive EffectsNegative EffectsImplementation of Educational TechnologyConclusionAbout IAO
Executive SummaryExecutive Summary1The use of technology in the education industry hasnever been greater than in today’s digital age. Since theexplosion of the Internet in the 1990s, technology hashad an ever increasing impact on the classroomenvironment. Various different types of technology arebeing used to support and enhance learning. Someexamples include laptops, hand-held computers,smartphones, audio and visual content. Due to theuniversal nature of technological developments,students from all over the world are growing up in adigital age where they have constant exposure to avariety of media that is impacting the way they interactand use information.Although technology symbolizes advancement in human knowledge, it is seen as a setback by manyeducators. They argue that the student teacher- dynamic has drastically changed where the role of theteacher has greatly diminished due to the increased use of technology in classrooms. Moreover, technologyif not implemented properly can have a negative impact on the overall student learning experience.Through this paper, we are going to explore the major issues relating to the use of technology in educationand also aim to provide a framework to incorporate educational technology in the most effective andefficient manner.
Educational Technology-What it is?Educational Technology- What it is?2Educational technology is the study and practiceof facilitating learning and improvingperformance by the creation, usage andmanagement of appropriate technologicalprocesses and applications. The implementationof technology in education is associated withboth students and educators.The Evolution ofEducational TechnologyEducational technology is an umbrella term for all the technological creations and innovations that haveimpacted the education industry. Earlier, the concept of educational technology was used as a synonym foraudio-visual aids like pictures, charts and models meant for direct teaching-learning. With the advent of theelectronic revolution, there came an era of hardware and software like projectors, tape recorders andtelevisions which were used for teaching purposes along with the conventional methods.After the electronic revolution came the age of mass media which led to a massive communicationrevolution for instructional purposes with the advent of programmed instruction and programmedlearning. A new dimension of educational technology came into existence which has individualized theprocess of education and introduced a system of self-learning in the form of self- instructional material andonline teaching without any need for direct student-teacher interaction.Educational technology is seen both as a means and a service to produce and facilitate better and moreproductive learning systems. It may be defined as a separate field in the theory of education dealing with thedevelopment and application of the use of educational resources. Educational technology should not beconfused with either teaching or learning; it should be taken as a sum total of all such aspects which go along way towards shaping the personality of the learner in a meaningful way.
Impact of Technology on EducationImpact of Technology on Education3The advances in technology in the past decade havehad a significant impact on education-changing theentire educational landscape for now and for years tocome. Although traditional forms of teaching are stillprevalent, they are gradually being replaced by newerteaching methods such as video conferencing, onlineclasses and blogs for discussions. Technology hasrevolutionized the way students learn and the way thatteachers teach. Since technology is ever evolving, its’ overall impact on education cannot be measured byquantifiable means. However, there are three major ways that technology has changed the educationallandscape:1. Global outreach and access to unlimited resourcesWith internet, students are able to access unlimited amounts of information. Gone are the days whenstudents would need to consult an encyclopedia for informational purposes. In today’s digital age they canfind answers with a few clicks of a mouse or swipes on a screen. It also gives teachers a greater depth andwealth of information from which to teach. Moreover, students and teachers can use the internet to Interactwith other educators from all over the world.2. No physical boundariesPhysical boundaries that used to govern schools and education in the conventional educational systemhave been erased by advances in educational technology. Students can download assignments fromwebsites, listen to lectures on podcasts and communicate with their teachers through social media. Theneed for a physical classroom is no longer needed as the students are able to interact remotely with theirteachers. In addition, teachers are also able to provide instruction to hundreds of students as they are nolonger limited by the physical capacity of the conventional classroom setting.3. Impact of Social MediaThe advent of social media has revolutionized the means of communication where students are able tointeract with other students and teachers at the click of a mouse or a tap on their smart phones. Thisincreased interactivity has resulted in better and faster forms of communication allowing for an easyexchange of ideas or information worldwide.
Importance of Technology in the Education Industry4 Importance of Technology in the Education IndustryThe incorporation of technology has had a major impact on the education industry. There are numerousbenefits of educational technology when it is integrated purposely and comprehensively into teaching andlearning. Various research and studies have been carried out to define and ascertain the benefits derivedfrom using technology. The most recurring themes are highlighted below:Technology increases access to education through virtual communities globallyUnderprivileged students living in disadvantaged communities get access to education through theInternet. Virtual educational communities allow students from all over the world to interact and share theirideas, thereby enhancing the overall educational experience.Technology supports student achievement and helps prevent dropoutsAppropriate integration of technology into the educational system has had a significant positive effect onstudent achievement in all fields of instruction. Studies have shown that proper implementation of technol-ogy has also drastically reduced the dropout rates of students at all levels of schooling.Technology engages students in learning and content creationTechnology provides an interactive platform for students to engage with other students and professionalsfrom all over the world by creating and publishing material online. The availability of a worldwide audienceenhances the overall learning of the students in the global environment.Technology strengthens career and technical educationThrough proper implementation of technology, educators get an opportunity to equip students with newskills and knowledge that will allow them to succeed in high growth emerging industries.Technology fosters inclusion and facilitates specialized instructionTechnology fosters an environment in which all students are able to engage regardless of disability,background or learning style. Along with that, technology helps teachers to provide personalized andjust-in-time instruction for all students which are especially helpful for students with special needs.
Impact of Educational Technology on StudentsImpact of Educational Technology on Students5Educational technology has become commonplace inclassrooms all around the world. Various researchstudies have been carried out to determine the impactthat educational technology has had on studentachievement. Due to the fast-paced nature of techno-logical developments, it is hard to assess the impact oftechnology on the overall student achievement andeffectiveness. However, there are both positive andnegative effects of educational technology on studentachievement.Positive EffectsResearch If a schools library is outdated or lacking in a selection of titles, a student might find it difficultto compile the necessary research for an essay or research paper. As long as the school has a computer lab,students are able to use the Internet and digital encyclopedias to obtain the research they need. Whilestudents should be wary of the legitimacy of some of the content they read online, many schools usesoftware like the Encyclopedia Britannica to help students do research.Globalization When schools in different parts of the state, country or world connect, students can "meet"their counterparts through video conferencing without leaving the classroom. Some sites, such as Glovico,are used to help students learn foreign languages online by pairing a group of students with a teacher fromanother country.Educational Games In younger grades, teachers expose children to computers through educationalgames. Instead of playing board games that focus on education, students can learn the basics of spelling,counting and other early educational lessons through computer games that make learning fun. Becausemany schools have at least one computer in each classroom, the teacher can make that computer a vital partof learning for young students.Distance Education In the past, students could take distance or continuing education classes, also called"correspondence courses," at community colleges and universities. After enrolling in a course of this style, astudent would receive course documents in the mail and would be required to mail assignments to histeacher at the educational institution. The process could be long and complicated. Thanks to technology,continuing education students can take courses over the Internet at their convenience.
Impact of Educational Technology on Students6 Impact of Educational Technology on StudentsWeb Seminars Not every school has the resources and budget to send its students on field trips related tothe course of study. When this is the case, the students education can suffer. But thanks to technology,students can use the Internet to virtually attend Web seminars put on by museums and other educationalinstitutions. NASA, for instance, offers a program that allows students to talk to astronauts in space.Negative EffectsLack of Curiosity and Investigation With information and answers readily available online, students areless likely to use deductive reasoning skills or draw their own conclusions. This can cripple the learningprocess and leave students entirely dependent on technology.The Social Media Effect Although social media has revolutionized communication by making it faster andmore interactive, experts argue that it is detrimental to learning proper speech, grammar and spelling.Technology Overload Although technology does facilitate students in pursuing their educational goals,it needs to be used in moderation. Technology can easily be overused within the classroom, and this cancause negative effects on the entire learning experience. Some of these effects are already seen fromstudent texting and internet usage during class. There are also increased incidences of plagiarism for assign-ments and an overall lack of respect for correct language usage within essays.Changing Learning Priorities Technology has changed the way students look at information. Thestudents prioritize where the information can be found rather than what the information actually is. More-over, there is constant stimulation that comes from the Internet and other technological tools that havetaken away the ability of students to generally focus in the classroom. This stimulation causes a short atten-tion span and many students struggle to resist impulsive behavior or manage time wisely.
Impact of Educational Technology on EducatorsImpact of Educational Technology on Educators7With the growing availability of high speed bandwidth,the advent of Web 2.0, and other technology improve-ments, the education technology landscape in recentyears is markedly different when compared with a fewyears ago. This has had an impact on students andeducators alike. Similar to students, educators have alsohad both positive and negative effects of incorporatingtechnology into their classroom environment.Positive EffectsGreater Outreach With educational technology, a teacher is not limited by the number of chairs inhis/her classroom. Using the Internet and tools like web seminars and podcasts, one teacher can teachhundreds of students across the world, all at the same time.Enhanced Interactivity Using the tools of social media and internet, there is a higher degree of interac-tion between students and teachers. This increased level of interactivity allows for a greater and fasterexchange of ideas and information. Moreover, teachers are able to disperse information using a singlechannel to an unlimited number of students thereby making communication more effective and efficient.Webinars Webinars and Podcasts allow educators to interact with other educators from all over theworld for meeting and training purposes. This allows multiple numbers of educators to collaborate at thesame time from all over the world at almost no cost. Moreover, issues dealing with travel arrangementsand time settings are taken care of using technology making the overall process efficient andcost-effectiveInnovation The implementation of technology in education stimulates teachers to present morecomplex tasks and material. Technology also tends to support teachers in becoming coachers rather thanmere dispensers of knowledge thereby promoting innovation and creation of new ideas.Lower Costs With the advent of online instruction, the overall cost of education has decreased quitedrastically. The ability of technology to reach a large number of students over the internet without theneed for physical presence allows for educators to cut down their costs and instead use the excess moneyto improve the technological infrastructure.
Impact of Educational Technology on Students8 Impact of Educational Technology on EducatorsNegative effectsAdaptability The technological innovation is new in the education industry. Many professionals andeducators in the industry have showed varied levels of hesitancy in adopting the newer technologicaltools. Research has shown that quite a large percentage of educators are against the increased use oftechnology in favor of the conventional old methods arguing that the diminished level of interactionbetween students and teachers is harmful for the overall learning experience.Lack of interaction between students and teachers Technological innovation in the educational worldhas greatly reduced the level of interaction between students and teachers. Proponents of conventionaleducation argue that the personal interaction between students and teachers formed the basis ofeffective and useful learning. They also argue that despite the ability to reach millions of students throughthe internet, the true purpose and scope of education is nullified by this perceived lack of communication.Training and development The rate of technological innovation is unprecedented. This creates achallenge for educators as they have to constantly keep up with all the new changes. Thus regulartraining is required which might be a problem for some educators, especially those who are reluctant touse technology in the first place.
Implementation of Educational TechnologyImplementation of Educational Technology9The goal of implementing technology in the classroomis to make education more effective and to offerstudents new resources and options. Technologyimplementation also should have an impact on theteaching strategies and methodologies of the teacher.For effective and efficient implementation of technol-ogy, it is important to follow a set of guidelines:Develop a plan Teachers need to develop a clear planthat details all the component elements. The planshould specifically target the ways in which thetechnology will be applied. For instance, technologymay be used in assessment and grading programs, itmay be used to enable students to present informationin a variety of ways, and it may be used for research or itmay be for creating simulations.Prepare teachers Effective deployment of educational technology requires professional development forteachers. They must have full understanding of functions of hardware and software. Additionally, teachersneed to revise their teaching strategies in order to have an impact on student learning most effectively.Research Hardware: Before the deployment of hardware, it is important to conduct an in-depth research ofthe hardware that need to be used. The amount and type of hardware in a classroom will significantly affectthe use and effectiveness of educational technology. Laptops are more suited to some types of learningactivities, while desktops are more appropriate for others. Peripheral devices such as Smart Boards,camcorders, digital cameras and audio recording devices will enhance educational technology use.Evaluate Software For effective implementation of technology, it is equally important to evaluate andassess various types of software before making the final purchase. Software purchases should be driven bythe curriculum, not the other way around. Appropriate software for teachers and students will support thedevelopment and implementation of the school curriculum and learning goals. Software should be a toolrather than an end in itself.Organize Management Activities Technology requires management. This includes the physicalplacement of computers in the classroom and school. For example, mini-labs of desktop computers allowclassroom teachers to integrate technology easily into their everyday practices. A one-to-one laptopprogram provides mobility and allows the teacher to extend lessons outside the physical boundaries of theclassroom. Wi-Fi complements this type of laptop program. Teachers will require professional developmentactivities that must be allocated according to need and time constraints. An acceptable use policy should bedeveloped for the entire school community.
Conclusion10ConclusionEducation lies at a peculiar crossroad in society. On one hand it has the responsibility of anticipating real-lifeskills by preparing us for an increasingly complex world – but education methodologies can only be formal-ized after practices have been defined. This dichotomy is particularly aggravated when it comes to technol-ogy, where fast-paced innovation and perpetual change is the only constant. Ergo, the innovations in educa-tional technology should be welcomed and incorporated in a way where the overall learning experience isenhanced for both students and educators.
About IAO11About IAOAccreditation and educational quality assurance are essential factors that complete the educationalecosystem. While regional accreditation bodies have dutifully evaluated education providers on a regionalscale; a body to recognize and accredit education providers on an international scale was needed in thewake of growing globalization. With more students studying at Educational Institutions or working forcompanies outside their home country, it was imperative to create standards that are both regionally andinternationally recognized and accepted.To accomplish the challenge, IAO created a unique Points Profile System by organizing the best globalpractices in education in one place. IAO gathered educational quality assurance standards from around inworld in collaboration with various regional accreditation bodies and created evaluation criteria, thatworks as a general basis of evaluation for any education provider, regardless of its regional location. Thecore focus of the Points Profile System is to work as an additional international accreditation for educationproviders that will supplement their regional accreditation.The Points Profile System is a dynamic and evolving system that is continually updated in order to caternew developments in the academic world. In relation to this, IAO is also working upon a Points ProfileSystem for students on an individual level that will increase individual acceptability and recognition ofstudents in both educational sector and the employer market.IAO owes its success to its strong network and team of accreditation professionals spread in over 25countries around the world. IAO has also collaborated with regional accreditation bodies to supplementtheir strict accreditation methods with its expertise of standardizing the educational environment interna-tionally. IAO’s expertise and services are also recognized by different global accreditation associations.