European Met Coke Market Developments

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- Impact of the Financial Crisis on Coke and Ironmaking,
- Global trends that affect European Coke Supply/Demand Balance,
- Technical developments in coke and ironmaking
- European coke supply/demand projection

Author:
Joe Poveromo, President, RAW MATERIALS & IRONMAKING GLOBAL CONSULTING, US

Published in: Business
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European Met Coke Market Developments

  1. 1. Lan b u o ra scn rne aer ao t u leto f ecs t t em t kw r sm icm ec e ol u mto o d .
  2. 2. “Developments in theEuropean Met Coke Market” Dr. Joseph J. Poveromo Raw Materials & Ironmaking Global Consulting Bethlehem, PA Joe.poveromo@rawmaterialsiron.com 610-974-9553
  3. 3. “Developments in the European Met Coke Market”• Impact of the Financial Crisis on Coke and Ironmaking,• European Coke Supply/Demand Balance,• Technical developments in coke and ironmaking
  4. 4. “Developments in the European Met Coke Market”• Impact of the Financial Crisis on Coke and Ironmaking,
  5. 5. Evolution of Hot Metal Production in the EU 15
  6. 6. Evolution of monthly hot metal andcrude steel production in EU 15 in 2008 and 2009
  7. 7. Monthly operated blast furnaces in the EBFC member countries in 2008 and 2009
  8. 8. Monthly hot metal production and average reductant rate of the blast furnaces in Germany, 2008 and 2009
  9. 9. Impact of Fiscal Crisis on Coke Supply/Demand• Coke production could not be reduced to the same degree as hot metal production,• BF operators reduced PCI, fuel injection to consume coke,• Unused coke was stockpiled and/or sold or shipped to sister plants,• Coke inventory & slow hot metal production recovery has virtually eliminated need for outside coke sources
  10. 10. “Developments in the European Met Coke Market”• European Coke Supply/Demand Balance
  11. 11. EU 15 Coke Production andConsumption by the Steel Industry
  12. 12. Coke Production and Coke Consumption for Steel Makingin the EU 15 in 2008
  13. 13. Met Coke Exports by Leading Countries, 2005-2009 Coke Exports, MT 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e• China 12.8 14.4 15.2 12.1 0.5• Poland 4.3 6.1 6.3 6.0 3.8• Russia 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.0• Ukraine 1.5 1.5 0.6 1.2 1.0• Japan 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.0 0.9• Columbia 0.7 0.8 1.6 2.2 1.1(Sources: Resource-Net,,CRU, TEX Report)
  14. 14. Met Coke Imports by Leading Countries, 2005-2009 Coke Imports, MT 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e• Germany 5.1 5.5 4.7 4.0 2.4• France 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.6• Austria 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.4 0.8• Italy 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.1• United Kingdom 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.2• Czech Rep. 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.3• Serbia 0.7 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.5• USA 3.2 3.7 2.2 3.3 0.2• Brazil 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.8 0.5• India 2.5 3.8 5.0 6.0 4.0• Japan 2.7 1.8 2.1 1.6 0.2(Sources: Resource-Net, CRU, TEX Report)
  15. 15. China Coke Exports by Region,2006, 2007, 2010 through July Coke Exports, MT 2006 2007 2010 through July Europe 4.1 2.3 0.3 North America 2.9 2.0 0.2 Latin America 1.5 1.2 0.4 India 1.1 4.0 0.2 Japan 1.8 2.0 0.2 Other Asia 0.9 1.7 0.1 Mid-East 1.1 1.0 0.1 Other 1.0 1.0 0.5
  16. 16. Reductions in European Coke Supply 2008- 2010 MTPY• Bulgaria Kremitovski 1.42• Czech – OKK Sverma 0.34• France – ZKS Carling 0.85• Poland – ArcelorMittal 1.35• - ISD Polska 0.32• Romania – ArcelorMittal Galati 2.26 ---------- 6.54Source: Resource-Net
  17. 17. Additions to European Coke Supply MTPY• Germany - Dillingen Hutte, 2010 1.30 - HKM project• Poland - Czestochowa new oven project Przyjazn rebuild battery 1 project• Other projects: Bosnia, Czech Rep.
  18. 18. Europe Coke Supply/Demand Balance• Full Return to 2007/2008 hot metal production levels might not return until 2013-2015• Restoration of coke projects might match demand• Specific coke demand will be reduced by incremental increases in PCI and other process, raw material improvements• Continued absence of China from export market could cause global (and European) coke shortage
  19. 19. “Developments in the European Met Coke Market”• Technical developments in coke and ironmaking
  20. 20. Average Reductant Rates of the Blast Furnaces in the EU 15
  21. 21. Average consumption of reducing agents of the BF’s in Germany
  22. 22. European ULCOS project (Ultra Low CO2 Steel Making)
  23. 23. Conventional BF (Reference ArcelorMittal Gent A) Top gas Ore 1581 kg Vol. 1411 (STP) Temp. 150°C m3 Coke 286 kg CO 23.0 % CO2 24.0 % H2 3.7 % N2 49.4 % Export gas 932 m3 (STP) DustC-Input 11 kg db402 kg Top gas to hot Export stoves energy Vol. 480 m3 3072 MJ (STP) Ind. Red. L.C.V. 1582 MJ Coal 70.3 % 197 kg Blast 1200°C 875 m3 Oxygen RAFT 51 m3 2131 °C1t hot metal263kg slag Hot stoves
  24. 24. Oxygen Blast Furnace, Source ULCOS Top gas Vol. 1213 (STP) Temp. 147°C m3 Ore 1584 kg CO 44.7 % CO2 36.1 % Coke 201 kg H2 7.2 % N2 12.0 % Exported gas 16 m3 (STP) Dust L.C.V. 104 MJ 11 kg db Tail gas C-Input Vol. 446.0 m3 289 kg (STP) - 28 % Ind. Red. VPSA CO2 92.1 % 89.7 % CO 6.0 % Vol. 303 m3(STP) H2 0.6 % N2 1.3 % 900°C L.C.V. 366.0 MJ Heater 1341 MJ Product gas Coal Oxygen 1200°C Vol. 751.0 m3150 kg 188 m3 (STP) RAFT CO 67.6 % 2000 °C Vol. 448 m3(STP) CO2 2.9 % 1t hot metal H2 11.1 % 260 kg slag N2 18.4 %
  25. 25. Top gas recycling EBF Sinter, pellets & coke BF gas Gas cleaning system VPSA Tail gas Product gas 1000°C Pebble heater Product gas N2 1250°C Coal 130~180 kg/t HM Hot metal O2 max. 500 m3/h & slag
  26. 26. HISARNAs concept
  27. 27. Conclusions• Slow recovery to full hot metal production (2013- 2015?) will postpone potential coke shortage,• New coke projects, increased PCI and other process improvements will improve coke supply/demand balance,• New ironmaking and cokemaking technology will have no impact in next 5 years and limited impact in next 5-10 year period
  28. 28. Thank YouAcknowledgement: Dr. Hans Lungen, VDEh for many slides from his 2010 McMaster BF Ironmaking Course Lecture

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