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Competency Based Education


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"Competency Based Education" presentation and the the role of innovation in the digital and knowledge based society

"Competency Based Education" Movie

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Competency Based Education

  1. 1. Organized by: “Towards Transformative Higher Education in the MENA Region: The Role of Innovation in the 21st Century Digital and Knowledge based Society” The 2nd MENA Higher Education Leadership Forum 2015 9th -11th of November, 2015 | Dusit Thani, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  2. 2. Organized by: Tarek Al Shawa Director, Education Business Solutions ‫الشوا‬ ‫طارق‬ Competency Based Learning
  3. 3. Organized by: 1. History Of Credit-hours Education System 2. How Credit-hours System Works 3. Disadvantages Of Credit Hours 4. Technology Effect On Education Systems 5. Education Transformation 6. What Do You Think ? 7. Competency Based Education (CBE) 8. The CBE Model 9. How CBE Looks Like 10. CBE Example Agenda 11. Competency Map 12. Advantages Of CBE 13. Why Students Are Interested With CBE 14. CBE Vs Traditional Education 15. Critiques Of CBE 16. Challenges Applying CBE 17. The Art Of Possibility 18. Currently Provides CBE For Students 19. How CBE Can Benefit Business 20. What MOOCs Can Do For CBE 21. Questions And Answers
  4. 4. Organized by: When the U.S. federal government created financial aid programs in the 1950’s, accrediting agencies needed to create a “unit of learning” that could be reported, transferred and funded. Thus, the concept of the “credit hour” was born HISTORY OF CREDIT-HOURS EDUCATION SYSTEM
  5. 5. Organized by: A contact hour includes any lecture or lab time when the professor is teaching the student. A semester credit hour (SCH) is equal to 15-40 contact hours per semester, and does not depend on the duration of the course. universities use Semester Credit Hours to set tuition fees and scholarships for prospective students. HOW CREDIT-HOURS SYSTEM WORKS
  6. 6. Organized by: Attend roughly 60 percent to earn the course credits and progress to the next course — and ultimately, graduate. the most important measure of passing or failing is time spent in the classroom, not a full understanding of the material Not Suitable for busy schedules who already have significant knowledge or even some college credits DISADVANTAGES OF CREDIT HOURS
  7. 7. Organized by: With the Internet, Distance Education appeared and it is perfect: • A course can be taken from anywhere by anyone at any time. • It requires none of the expensive buildings and grounds associated with most colleges. • Lower cost of delivery • Because students are not tied to the speed of a class, they can move as fast or as slow as they want TECHNOLOGY EFFECT ON EDUCATION SYSTEMS
  8. 8. Organized by: It makes more sense to evaluate students on what they know, rather than how long they spent learning it. EDUCATION TRANSITION
  9. 9. Organized by: LET’S WATCH THE MOVIE
  10. 10. Organized by: Competency-based education is an outcome-focused approach that concentrates on the mastery of skills at the learner’s pace rather than within a specific period of time (Credit Hour). COMPETENCY BASED EDUCATION (CBE) Simply: In competency-based education, it’s not about time, it’s about what you know and are able to do.
  12. 12. Organized by: Competency-based education measures learning by demonstrated mastery of learning objectives. These objectives are created as modules, which contain the compentencies, suggested resources for obtaining the objective, guidance and feedback from a mentor or facilitator and some type of formative assessment. THE COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION MODEL
  13. 13. Organized by: HOW CBE LOOKS LIKE Competencies are determined by faculty members at the university or college
  14. 14. Organized by: CBE EXAMPLE
  15. 15. Organized by: COMPETENCY MAP
  16. 16. Organized by: No classes, no commutes. No set semesters or study times. The Flexible Option lets you start when you want, the first of any month, and work toward your degree online, on your own time, when and where your schedule allows ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Flexible
  17. 17. Organized by: You study only the material you need to master and never spend time or money revisiting things you already know. In addition, an Academic Success Coach will work with you to customize your learning plan based on your knowledge and goals. ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Personalized
  18. 18. Organized by: Take assessments whenever you are ready. Practice first to make sure. As soon as you prove mastery, you receive credit and move on, without having to wait for the next lesson or semester. Move quickly through material you know or take more time if you need it. ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Self-paced
  19. 19. Organized by: Receive personalized mentoring and advising from an Academic Success Coach who will help you prepare for assessments and point you to learning resources you need to succeed, such as textbooks, web pages, and even free online resources offered by other universities. ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Supportive
  20. 20. Organized by: You make progress by passing assessments that show you have mastered the skills essential to your degree—not by accumulating credit hours, either in the classroom or online ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Skills-based
  21. 21. Organized by: By measuring and assessing your mastery of competencies, the Flexible Option provides proof to employers that you have the skills and knowledge your field requires. ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Respected
  22. 22. Organized by: Instead of paying by course or by credit, the Flexible Option lets you pay a flat rate for a subscription period of your choice. ADVANTAGES OF COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION Affordable If you are highly motivated and have significant experience related to your degree, you may be able to accelerate your progress and shorten your time to graduation, saving time and money.
  24. 24. Organized by: CBE vs TRADITIONAL EDUCATION Traditional (Course-Based Degrees) MyPath (Competency-Based Degrees) Available Degree Programs 52+ degree programs in Arts & Sciences, Business & Professional Studies, Education, and Nursing & Health Professions Bachelor of Business Administration with four emphases: • Information Systems Management • Management and Organizational Leadership • Marketing • Supply Chain Management and Logistics Modality Depending on the program, you have the option to learn in a blended or fully online classroom environment MyPath is mobile ready. You have the option to learn on a computer (e.g. desktop, laptop) and an iPad. Which Path is Your Path? Our traditional course-based programs is perfect if you: • Operate better in an environment where deadlines are given to you and the weekly workload is more predictable • Prefer to learn in a more supportive classroom environment including weekly assignments with set due dates • Enjoy direct weekly interactions with classmates and professors MyPath is the right program if you: • Are a motivated learner that wants to dictate the pace of your learning • Have prior work experience that could apply to certain subjects. For example, a bookkeeper without formal coursework may be able to move at a faster pace through some of the accounting competencies • Prefer to work in a self-directed environment at your own pace with no set due dates Tuition You pay per credit hour. Total tuition is dependent on the program You pay a flat rate per billing period defined by the number of competencies and weeks of instruction Course Load You typically can complete 1-2 courses per 8-week term for a total of 8- 16 courses per academic year You can complete as many competencies as you want in a 6-month term
  25. 25. Organized by: CBE vs TRADITIONAL EDUCATION Traditional (Course-Based Degrees) MyPath (Competency-Based Degrees) Course Load You typically can complete 1-2 courses per 8-week term for a total of 8-16 courses per academic year You can complete as many competencies as you want in a 6-month term Textbooks Required textbooks are purchased or rented by students, on top of tuition All digital textbooks and course materials are included in the flat tuition rate Acceptance of Transfer Credit Prior coursework from regionally accredited institutions is transferable (grades of C or better) Prior coursework from regionally accredited institutions may provide clearance of certain competencies (B- or better) AND the content of such prior coursework covers all of the content of a particular competency or block of competencies Getting Started There are up to 6 starts per year, bi-monthly 48 starts per year (every Sunday), except for the two-week winter and two- week summer breaks Time to Degree Based on various factors, you will earn your degree within a predetermined timeframe. These factors include but are not limited to: • The number of credits in the enrolled program • The number of credits transferred • Your progress in 1-2 courses per 8-week term Move as quickly or as slowly as you would like. The time that it takes to complete your degree is entirely dependent on you and your schedule. If you have prior knowledge from work or other experiences, your time to degree may move even faster! Faculty Model Faculty members utilize their expertise in each course subject area to serve as the subject matter expert who shares his/her knowledge and experiences in the classroom. Faculty serve as mentors and evaluate you on your coursework Faculty support for MyPath students are comprised of three distinct roles: • Academic Coaches: Advisors who mentor and counsel you on your progress throughout your program • Tutorial Faculty: Faculty who function in a tutorial capacity. They use their proficiency in specific subject areas in one or more of your competencies to guide you in the learning process • Assessment Graders: Faculty who evaluate your submitted work and provide robust feedback in a timely manner
  26. 26. Organized by: Competency Based Traditional education Skills Based Based on Contact Hour direct assessment of student mastery of competencies or proficiency Traditional Assessments (Quizzes, Tests) Coaching Instructing self-paced and online / Any Time Seat Time. CBE vs TRADITIONAL EDUCATION
  27. 27. Organized by: CBE vs TRADITIONAL EDUCATION Competency Based Traditional education Less Expensive More Expensive Variable Class Structure Standardized Class Structure Students finish as the are able to End of term Average 30 months to graduate Average 60 months to graduate
  28. 28. Organized by: • Cheap version of a real education • Too flexible in terms of the kinds of learning that are accepted toward one’s degree or certification • How a student in a CBE program would fare if they transferred to another community college or to a university CRITIQUES OF CBE
  29. 29. Organized by: CHALLENGES APPLYING CBE • The inability to innovate, losing competitive advantage, the high costs of reckless hiring, poor leadership and communication and regulatory nightmares. With the exception of regulatory problems • The speed at which changes are occurring is really troublesome for people who have stability in higher education • Will CBE be perceived differently by employers? • How will CBE programs validate each other’s competencies and proficiencies?
  30. 30. Organized by: THE ART OF POSSIBILITY There are many factors that contribute to making competency based education a possibility today Essential Elements: 1. Flexible, Anytime/Everywhere Learning (Made possible by technology) 2. Redefine Teacher Role and Expand “Teacher” 3. Project-Based, Authentic Learning 4. Student Driven Learning Path (Increased knowledge of students and students as consumers) 5. Mastery/Competency-Based Progression/Pace (Growing dissatisfaction with cost and business model of higher education) Policy Enablers: 1. Redefine Use of Time (Carnegie Unit/Calendar) 2. Performance-Based, Time-Flexible Assessment (technology) 3. Equity in Access to Technology Infrastructure (technology and mobile devices for learning) 4. Funding Models that Incentivize Completion (decreased public funding for education and student loan crisis)
  31. 31. Organized by: THE ROLE OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO IMPLEMENT CBE The need to apply and enhance the following 1. Sophisticated programs 2. Communication tools, networks and mechanisms 3. Usage of multimedia like graphics, audio, and videos 4. Search mechanisms and tools 5. Electronic libraries 6. Web portals
  32. 32. Organized by: CURRENTLY PROVIDES CBE FOR STUDENTS • Antioch University • Argosy University • Brandman University • Broward College • Capella University’s Flex Path • Charter Oak State College • City University of Seattle • Depaul University • Excelsior College • Lipscomb University Roughly 600 colleges are in the design phase for a new competency-based education program, are actively creating one or already have a program in place. That’s up from an estimated 52 institutions last year. • Salt Lake Community College • Southern New Hampshire University’s College for America • Northern Arizona University • University of Maine at Presque Isle • University of Maryland University College • Westminster College • University of Wisconsin Flexible Option
  33. 33. Organized by: “Required competencies for each degree program are defined in collaboration with employers, HOW CBE CAN BENEFIT BUSINESS ensuring that students graduate with real- world knowledge and skills employers need.”
  34. 34. Organized by: Often, competency-based programs suggest open educational resources to students. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) is an incredible tool for student-led learning and competency- based education WHAT MOOCs CAN DO FOR CBE
  35. 35. Organized by: There’s no shortage of potential when MOOCs meet competency-based education; these two concepts offer a number of shared advantages and complementary features: • Affordability • Verifiable mastery • Endless educational options • Easy transitions • Credit-bearing alternatives WHAT MOOCs CAN DO FOR CBE
  36. 36. Organized by: Thank You for your attention