(9) INTERACTION Final event - Recommendations and guidelines

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(9) INTERACTION Final event - Recommendations and guidelines

  1. 1. Understanding driver interactions with In-Vehicle Technologies Recommendations for safer use of systems Nick Reed (TRL)INTERACTION Final Event22 November 2012, Brussels
  2. 2. Contents• Methodology• Design and Engineering• Education and Awareness• Legislation and Enforcement Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 2
  3. 3. Contents• Methodology• Design and Engineering• Education and Awareness• Legislation and Enforcement Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 3
  4. 4. Methodology• Single project with – Focus group – Questionnaire – Naturalistic driving – Observed driving• Each provided evidence to support the results of the other and strengthen the research Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 4
  5. 5. Methodology• Car types across nations• Relative resources in set-up/analysis• Allocation of collection/coding/analysis: – Retain local data collection – Recorded data submitted to single partner – Partner responsible for all coding/analysis Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 5
  6. 6. Contents• Methodology• Design and Engineering• Education and Awareness• Legislation and Enforcement Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 6
  7. 7. Design and Engineering• Standardisation of CC and SL design amongst car brands and models.• System functionality should be explained in a more understandable and user-friendly way.• Automatic detection of the legal speed limit to inform CC/SL, possibly linked to NS• Phase out CC/Standardise ACC?• [Careful user-centred design is necessary for reaching this objective] Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 7
  8. 8. Design and Engineering• Clear, rapid (preferably non-visual) feedback should be provided when speech inputs are made to IVT• Intuitive and logical use of IVT to reduce driver distraction and workload, considering: – Needs of the ageing population  Size of displays  Clarity/type of visual and audio information  Comprehensibility of information – Road/environment conditions Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 8
  9. 9. Design and Engineering• Interface improvements for NS: – Timely provision of guidance information, especially roundabouts – In-car volume adaptation – Reinforce primacy of driving safely – Whether it is nomadic or not, NS should be located in a position that allows for an easy, rapid visual perception of information Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 9
  10. 10. Design and Engineering• Results suggest common user input to NS in motion• Systems give guidance on safe usage• Could consider mandating prevention of interaction while the vehicle is in motion? Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 10
  11. 11. Design and Engineering• MP regarded as most difficult• Better/stricter incorporation of handsfree functionality to prevent the driver from physically interacting with the MP.• When receiving or making a phone call while driving, an automatic message should be sent to the inbound contact telling them that the recipient is driving.• Limit calls based on road/environment complexity Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 11
  12. 12. Contents• Methodology• Design and Engineering• Education and Awareness• Legislation and Enforcement Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 12
  13. 13. Education and Awareness• Awareness campaigns to highlight situations in which IVTs should and should not be used. – To include suitability in different:  Speed limit zones  Traffic environments or driving conditions (average speed of the traffic flow, traffic density etc.)  Weather conditions Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 13
  14. 14. Education and Awareness• Car dealers: – Responsibility to provide information to buyers on appropriate use of IVTs – Is it practical?  2012 BMW 3-series – Owner’s manual PDF • 325 × A4 pages (includes 6 pages on CC alone) – In-built option for ‘user guidance mode’? Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 14
  15. 15. Education and Awareness• The long term effects of the use on driver behaviour, performance, and traffic safety should be studied further. – Need to collect more data to:  Identify subsets of conditions when IVT use was problematic  Provide further evidence of causation Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 15
  16. 16. Contents• Methodology• Design and Engineering• Education and Awareness• Legislation and Enforcement Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 16
  17. 17. Legislation and Enforcement• National/international laws on training, licensing and use of IVT: – Driver training to include the use of IVT – Requires equipped cars to be available – Allow learner drivers to:  experience systems through learning process.  get advice on how to use the systems safely. Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 17
  18. 18. Legislation and Enforcement• Licensing/insurance hierarchy? – Current: Train in car Pass test in car Drive any car without IVT without IVT with/without (ADAS optional) (ADAS optional) IVT/ADAS
  19. 19. Legislation and Enforcement• Licensing/insurance hierarchy? – Future?: – Better fit between training and vehicle technologies – …or manage through ‘black box’ insurance? Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 19
  20. 20. Legislation and Enforcement• Greater integration of IVT/ADAS into EuroNCAP star ratings – Functionality – Usability – Nomadic devices – separate classification• Must be based on robust research findings… Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 20
  21. 21. Questions? Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 21

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