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(8) INTERACTION Final event - Navigation system & Phone Effects

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(8) INTERACTION Final event - Navigation system & Phone Effects

  1. 1. Understanding driver interactions with In-Vehicle Technologies Behaviour Observations Clemens Kaufmann (FACTUM) Ralf Risser (FACTUM)INTERACTION Final Event22 November 2012, Brussels
  2. 2. Sample Navigation System Country NSCzech Republic 15 Finland 15 France 15The Netherlands 20 Portugal 8 Spain 9 UK 15 Total (N) 97
  3. 3. Results Navigation System• Used in urban areas• Guidance by the NS vs. finding the way on one’s own• With NS – Not clear where to go, especially in roundabouts – Misinterpreting the guidance also leading to late lane changes• Finding the way on one‘s own – Hesitant to leave roundabouts – Slowing down and searching for direction signs – Stopping to consult the map – Late lane changes
  4. 4. With and without Navigation System• No differences between the rides with and without an activated NS regarding – Speed behaviour – Longitudinal control – Lateral control – Obeying traffic rules – Interaction with other road user – Antcipation
  5. 5. Problems with Navigation System• Problems while driving with NS – Not recognising stop or yielding signs – Hard braking before red light – Missed guidance (distraction, low volume) – Missed green lights – Doubting guidance (ending in speeding and not indicating) – Inappropriate indicator use• Conflicts (Rear-end, right-angle) were clearly related to the use of the system
  6. 6. Conclusion Navigation System• Navigation System helps finding the correct way• Problems when – Receiving guidance – Interpreting guidance
  7. 7. Sample Mobile Phone Country MPCzech Republic 15 Finland 15 France 15The Netherlands 20 Portugal 8 Spain 9 UK 15 Total (N) 97
  8. 8. Procedure Mobile Phone• Used mainly in urban areas• Participants were called twice• Had to answer different questions
  9. 9. Results Mobile Phone• No differences between the rides with and without an MP conversation regarding – Longitudinal control – Lateral control – Obeying traffic rules – Interaction with other road user – Antcipation• Significantly less errors in driving too fast while using the MP
  10. 10. Problems with Mobile Phone• Problems while using MP – Keeping the speed (either too fast or clearly slower) – Due to distraction without interaction with others  Missing turns and late lane changes before intersections  Staying long at green light or at roundabouts  Not recognising the speed limit and using wrong gear  Putting hands away from the steering wheel – Due to distraction - interaction with others  In turning situations  Overtaking without paying attention  Heavy braking behind queue• All conflicts caused by the test person
  11. 11. Conclusion Mobile Phone• Feedback from test persons: – Most difficult task in comparision to the other IVT systems – Stopped talking on the phone• Distraction by the conversation affecting the driving behaviour on different levels – Keeping speed – Route guidance – Interaction with other road users
  12. 12. Advantages of Information and communication systems• Advantages NS: – Helps to find the correct way – Better than handling with map• Advantages MP: – ???
  13. 13. Problems of Information and communication systems• Problems NS – with receiving and interpreting information – when guidance is doupted – attention not all the time on the road• Problems MP – On different levels of the driving task – Referred as most difficult task
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention Final event – November 22, 2012 - Brussels 14

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