I N C O R P O R AT I N G                                     f i s h far m ing t e c h no l og y                          ...
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FEATUREAn overviewof shrimp feedindustry in Chinaby Dong Qiufen, Peng Zhidong, Zhang Songand Yang Yong, ChinaW            ...
FEATURE                                                               In	 China,	 the	 shrimp	 feed	 market	 is	 about	 fe...
This digital re-print is part of the January | February 2013 edition of International                                     ...
An overview of shrimp feed industry in China
An overview of shrimp feed industry in China
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An overview of shrimp feed industry in China


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With more than 50 years of culture history in China, shrimp is important seafood the country. Nowadays, the Chinese shrimp industry has caught the world’s eyes, for its largest production and export, as well as the potential Chinese domestic market with a population of more than 1.34 billion.

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An overview of shrimp feed industry in China

  1. 1. I N C O R P O R AT I N G f i s h far m ing t e c h no l og y January | February 2013 An overview of shrimp feed industry in China International Aquafeed is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies, the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published. ©Copyright 2013 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058The International magazine for the aquaculture feed industry
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  3. 3. FEATUREAn overviewof shrimp feedindustry in Chinaby Dong Qiufen, Peng Zhidong, Zhang Songand Yang Yong, ChinaW ith more than 50 years of the ratio of fishmeal is decreasing yearly as its adjust their products continually according to culture history in China, increasing price, it still holds more than 30 per- the market demand, make the machines with shrimp is important seafood cent. China is the worlds largest user of soybean high efficiency, high cost performance and lower the country. Nowadays, the meal and fishmeal and relies heavily imports; the energy consumption. Chinese shrimp industry has caught the world’s high prices of these two ingredients in 2012 eat Chinese feed production lines have been eyes, for its largest production and export, as into Chinese feed manufacturers’ profit. exported to more than 100 countries since well as the potential Chinese domestic market Almost every feed producer has its quality 1990s. Some larger feed makers optimise their with a population of more than 1.34 billion. control lab, no matter how big or small, to check machinery and equipment yearly with good and control the ingredients and feed quality, as production performance and feed physical The main species cultured in China are the ingredients are expensive the producer need appearance.Penaeus vannamei, P. chinensis, P. monodon, to buy them with reasonable price according With the increased prices and the high ratio P. japonicus, P. merguinsis and P. penicillatus, of to the quality level. Besides the government of fishmeal, fewer and fewer raw ingredients which more than 70 percent comprised the quality standards, some big feed producers have with starch can be used in the shrimp feed. 15 white leg shrimp, P. vannamei. stricter standards to ensure every batch of raw years ago in feed production formulation, more The modern shrimp farming industry in materials can be checked before entrancing into than 30 percent wheat flour with 32 percent China has a history of only about three decades the factory warehouse. Fishmeal takes up nearly wet flour gluten was used to give feeds at least but it has gone through an extraordinary experi- 50 percent of the total cost of feed formulation two hours water stability (some producers had ence which can be roughly divided into four and nobody wants to buy bad quality fishmeal to use about 0.2% binder.) Nowadays, it is easy stages: beginning (1978-1984), rapid increase which is supplied by illegal businessman. Feed to produce shrimp feed with the same water (1985-1992), recession (1993-1997) and recov- producers control the fishmeal quality with stability, but with about 20 percent wheat flour ery and development (1998-present) more than 15 items. With the microscope and with about 30 percent wet flour gluten, and There were only 1,300 ha of shrimp ponds amino acid analysis, the quality can be estimated no binder. This is due to the improvements in in China in 1978, however the area of ponds more directly. production technology.reached 300,000 ha in 2011. Total shrimp The steep demand of the end-users also output increased by more than 6,900 times, needs a quality control lab in the feed factory to Feed management and food safetyfrom 450 MT in 1978 to 3,110,000 MT in 2011, test the feed product regularly. Besides the nutri- Before 2007, most of the Chinese farmed and the average yield increased from 350 kg/ tion items, crude protein, crude fat, fiber, ash, shrimp were exported and the Chinese shrimp ha to 7,000 kg/ha. The development of shrimp moisture, Ca, P and salinity, physical appearance industry had to be in line with the international farming also promotes related businesses, such items are more important to the farmers. As the remands and standards. So far most shrimp as broodstock, breeding, feed nutrition, animal shrimp feed has been over-supplied these years, feed makers are certified with ISO management health, processing, transportation and marketing. when the famers choose the shrimp feed they system, some ones are with HACCP, Global The shrimp feed industry has been devel- can put different kinds of shrimp feed together, GAP and some other certifications. The Chinese oping with the shrimp farming and boosts feel the smell and dust with their noses and government legal regulations are continuous the development of the total Chinese shrimp hands, compare the length and size together, improving to keep path with the development industry conversely. test the water stability and water colour with of the shrimp industry. The new Administrative different cups. The feed factories need to check Regulations on Feed and Feed Additive was Ingredients and shrimp feed the feed physical carefully during the production carried out in May 2012 with more specific and The primary feed nutrition companies made course. stricter restrictions. Some feed producers who Chinese shrimp feed with a high nutrition level. can’t meet the standards in this new law will In order to produce feed with more than 40 Production technology be closed.percent protein, a lot of good animal ingredients The Chinese feed production technology To ensure the food safety of shrimp industry, have to be used. There are many raw ingredi- has developed speedily over the past years. besides the laws for the domestic feed produc-ents can be used in fish feed, such as carp and The primary feed production machines were ers, there are also specific regulations for the tilapia, but usually only fishmeal, soybean meal, mostly imported from Germany and America import feed raw ingredients. From January 1, peanut meal, wheat flour, shrimp shell powder, and then from Taiwan. Today Chinese machine 2011, without the import registered license, all squid paste, some other raw materials and addi- producers make practical and economic feed the listed animal source ingredients could not tives are popular in the shrimp feed. Although production lines. The local machine suppliers longer be imported as before. 22 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | January-February 2013
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  5. 5. FEATURE In China, the shrimp feed market is about feed in China now; feedmills also need to be 1,250,000 MT, but there are more than 100 involved in hatchery, water quality treatment shrimp feedmills with a total production capacity product and farming technology service. With at 2,500,000 MT and four shrimp feed magnates the service to the farmers, most of them can get hold nearly 70 percent of the market share. The greater profits from shrimp culture than before Chinese shrimp feed market competition is very and feedmills can sell feed with more cash than fierce and it makes this industry move faster. debt. With the strong competition, the price is much lower than before with a net profit no The future of the Chinese more than 100 USD/MT for P. vannamei feed shrimp feed industry now. To get the marketing tickets, the feed With the upswing of Chinese feed industry, makers need to produce good feed with a nice some issues have been concerned publicly. The appearance and ensure the farmers compare the Chinese vannamei shrimp feed protein is general- physical and culture performance with the feed ly between 39-41 percent, the monodon shrimp from some other competitors. Homogeneous feed even with higher protein and some farmers competition makes some small feed companies are feeding their vannamei with monodon feed. supply the shrimp feed on credit; the farmers The shrimp feed protein in other countries can pay for the feed in a certain times, such as is mostly between 30-35 percent, and some a month or three months. But it is a dangerous research papers have reported that decreasing market operation and almost every shrimp feed the protein level by increasing reasonable energy Correlative industry maker knows it. Some feed suppliers try to and balanced nutrients can maintain the similar Some related industries are developing with increase their market share by offering a higher growth performance.the shrimp feed industry. In order to keep the discount to the distributors and farmers, but that Furthermore, lots of research about the sub-shrimp feed market share, some feed producers kind of market share can’t last long as a healthy stitution of fishmeal is carried out every year and are also involved in broodstock, breeding, animal enterprise needs profit. many available methods can relieve the pressure health, shrimp farming and processing businesses. But increasing feed sales with cash is a hard which is caused by fishmeal. However, fishmeal If a producer can supply good quality post larval job; the Chinese feed salesmen are always under still accounts for greater than 30 percent of feed (PL), animal health products and culture service, high pressure. Since 2006, some big feed produc- and the Chinese feed makers are now finding his feed with good quality just can be sold suc- ers have promoted service marketing, that is fishmeal expensive. With the ever-increasing cessfully. selling the feed to the farmers with good service price, the ratio of fishmeal in Chinese shrimp feed Among the five Chinese largest PL suppliers, and help them to create values. Guangdong Haid will be decreased one day. We forecast that the four are feed makers. Now the SPF/SPR brood- Group is a good service-marketing example environmentally friendly and healthy shrimp feed stock in China are almost imported from USA, with a strong technical service team with more will be popular in China.but domestic broodstock and breeding research than 2,000 members who are highly educated. Another issue is that although the Chinese is under doing. About 90 percent of the 500 bil- Haid has a strong training system to make every shrimp feed industry is already over-supplied, lion PL in China are domestic PL, the feed and PL service-marketing member hold the necessary total production capacity is increasing more than suppliers need to improve the PL quality then to knowledge, an efficient management system, 100,000 MT yearly. The cut-throat competition get better shrimp feed performance. available good quality PL and animal health will manage this industry, but it still needs the At the early stage of Chinese shrimp develop- products can keep the service-marketing program government guidance. With strong capital, tech-ment, some medicines were over-used during goes well. nology, human resources and market share of the the shrimp culture course. But after the cases The service members are distributed into large feed groups, the suitable acquisition is good of Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV), White Spot different areas, but most of their work is going to the industrial restructuring and can make the Syndrome Virus (WSSV) and other diseases, to the farming ponds to communicate with the shrimp feed industry move healthily. farmers have found that medicines can’t treat all farmer, do the technical training, deliver the new The development in China and a domestic the diseases no matter how much they cost. Only culture information, help them to prepare the market of more than 1.34 billion spells great improving the culture technology and manage- ponds and treat the diseases and some other potential for shrimp consumption. About 70 ment can help them to prevent the diseases. services work. There are more than eight differ- percent of the total Chinese farmed shrimp are With the strict government supervision, more ent shrimp farming modes in China, Haid has its sold locally at present and this number will go and more medicines are listed in prohibited drugs members to study and promote the successful on increasing. However, with limited land and list. Aquatic medicines and chemical producers modes in different farmed areas. With this pow- increasing farming cost, it seems Chinese shrimp develop new medicines with new technology. erful service-marketing system, Haid has held the production won’t increase as quickly as in the Microecologics and medicinal herb are popular in biggest shrimp feed market share with more than past and the shrimp feed industry will develop China now. Probiotics, prebiotics and biofloc are 300,000 MT last year. more regularly.hot key words in Chinese aquaculture. Some feed For the market, more feed companies are fol- References available on requestmakers are also conducted related research to lowing Haid promote the sales of their shrimp feed. although every boss Fierce competition knows it is Chinese shrimp farms are distributed along so difficult almost 18,000 km of coastline from Hainan to build an Province in the tropics to Liaoning Province in effective the temperate zone. The shrimp feed factories service team. are also located along the coastline, more than 70 Anyway, it percent factories are in South China as the large is not easy Authors From left to right: Yang Yong, Zhang Song, Peng Zhidong, Dong Qiufenshrimp farming area is there. to produce 24 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | January-February 2013
  6. 6. This digital re-print is part of the January | February 2013 edition of International LINKSAquafeed magazine. Content from the magazine is available to view free-of-charge, both as a fullonline magazine on our website, and as an archive of individual features onthe docstoc website.Please click here to view our other publications on www.docstoc.com. I N C O R P O R AT I N G f I s h fA R m I N G T e C h N O l O G y • See the full issue • Visit the International Aquafeed website Chicken viscera for fish feed formulation Profitable aquafeed moisture control • Contact the International Aquafeed Team Spray-dried plasma – from porcine blood in diets for Atlantic salmon parrs The shrimp feed industry in China – an overview • Subscribe to International Aquafeed Vo l u m e 1 6 I s s u e 1 2 0 1 3 - Ja n ua ry | f e b r ua ryTo purchase a paper copy of the magazine, or to subscribe to the paperedition please contact our Circulation and Subscriptions Manager on the linkabove. INFORMATION FOR ADVERTISERS - CLICK HERE www.aquafeed.co.uk