The term MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave
Cormier of the University of Prince Edward
Island in response to a course called Connectivism
and Connective Knowledge which was led
Massive:Access to unlimited learners
from around the world.
Open:This generally means free access
to the course and the learning
Online:MOOCs are conducted entirely
online; there are no face-to-face
Course:MOOCs provide a structured
unit of learning, with a defined start and
end date, and learning outcomes.
xMOOCs–These are organized courses, focused around
educator generated content(often in the form of video)
with automated testing; they offer a linear journey for
the learner and will provide structured opportunities
cMOOCs–These are more organic courses, focused
around learner generated content, and provide a personal
and very subjective learning experience; these courses use
the collective intelligence of the learning community to
generate knowledge and are participant led.
Mooc ADVANTAGES: Courses open to anyone with an internet
Non-certified courses completely free.
Option to gain certification and accreditation
for course completion.
Single-unit study allows personalization of
learning to suit individual requirements.
Option to work completely at own pace.
Peer-collaboration promotes new ideas and ways
Discussion forums allow learners to organize and
put-forward own thoughts.
Individual study develops self discipline and
Lecture-Style Video Formats
Tutorial/Demonstration Video Formats
Instructor(s) with/without Presentation Slides: Features
instructor(s) lecturing, with or without PowerPoint slide
presentation slides inserted throughout with instructor
‘voice over’ while slide is displayed
Office Setting: Close-up shots of the instructor filmed at his or
her office, typically instructor speaks directly to camera
Classroom Setting: Video captured from a live classroom lecture
Production Studio Setting: Instructor recorded in a studio with
no audience, typically speaking to the camera
Video Screencast: of the instructor demonstrating a concept, i.e.
writing code in a text editor, or command-line prompt (in the case
of computer science courses), using spreadsheet or document
Instructor Drawing Freehand on a Digital Tablet, using a software
program, which is a style popularized by Khan Academy videos