Stephen William Hawking: One of The Greatest Scientists Alive Today
Stephen William Hawking is an physicist, cosmologist and is widely
considered to be one of the greatest scientists alive today. Hawking is most
popular for his theories in the field of cosmology, in which he uses
Einstein’s relativity theory and quantum mechanics. His book, “A brief
history of Time” in which he explains his cosmology theories in a very
simple manner understandable by the layman had been the bestseller for a
really long time of 237 weeks.
Stephen Hawking is the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical
Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include
a collaboration with Roger Penrose, on gravitational singularity theorems
in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that
black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the
first to set forth a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general
theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He is a vigorous supporter of
the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.
Stephen William Hawking : One of The Greatest Scientists
Stephen Hawking was born to the also-highly-educated Frank and Isobel
Hawking both of whom went to Oxford. His father Frank specialized in
Medicine and Isobel in Philosophy and Economics. Stephen, who was one
among four of kids of the Hawking couple was surprisingly not very good at
academics as he was at learning things in general. Although teachers often
dismissed him off for his poor performance in academics, they knew that
there was a hidden genius in him, which is probably why he was nicknamed
‘Einstein’ while in school.
He was expected to take on the same path as his father in medicinal research
but did not find biology interesting as he thought it was ‘too inexact’. Instead,
he studied physics at University of Oxford and later, Astronomy and
Cosmology at the Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
During his days in Cambridge, Hawking was diagnosed with ALS
(Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) which would progress as he grew older.
Stephen Hawking is also known for bearing the position of Lucasian Professor
of Mathematics, a title previously held by Sir Isaac Newton. He had also won
numerous awards and honours for his work. He had received nearly twelve
honorary degrees and is a fellow of ‘The Royal Society’ and a member of The
US National Academy of Sciences. In 2009, President Obama awarded him
with the highest honorary award, ‘The Presidential Medal of Freedom award’.
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Hawking in one of his speeches, famously said that the future of
human race is in the outer space and not on the earth. He also thinks
that space tourism should be supported. And if the day comes for
something like that to happen, there will be one man who will be
remembered even in the outer space that would be Stephen Hawking.
Few from many achievements & awards on this name
2013 – Special breakthrough prize in fundamentals physics, 2009 –
President’s medal of freedom, 2008 – Ponseca prize, 2006 – Popley
medal, 1988 – Wolf prize in physics, 1985 – Gold medal of royal
astronomical society, 1979 – Albert einstein medal, 1976 – Hughes
medal, 1975 – Eddington medal and 1966 – Adams prize.
Hawking suffers from a rare early-onset slow-progressing form of
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone
disease or Lou Gehrig’s disease, that has gradually paralysed him over
the decades. David, a computer engineer, adapted a small computer
and attached it to his wheelchair. Today, he still communicates
effectively despite the disease using a system known as the equalizer.
Although he can only communicate with about 15 words per a minute
because of his disease, he’s authored books, given lectures and written
a lot of scientific papers. Released from the need to use somebody to
interpret his speech, Hawking commented that .
“I can communicate better now than before I lost my voice”
Stephen Hawking has made unimaginably important contributions to some of
our current understandings of science. He has answered ‘Einstein’s unified
field theory’ which has led to a better understanding of the conditions that
were present at the beginning of the universe as well as the physical laws of
nature. He developed research on black holes no one else has and has made it
possible for others to obtain more information on the subject after he passes
on. He has pushed forth into outer space in hopes of finding somewhere else
where humans can live in case of a disaster. His discoveries have led to new
possibilities of how we understand things and how we can develop new ideas.
Without Mr. Hawking, many things we know today could possibly have never
happened. He has contributed to the unified field theory that Einstein started
and Hawking believes that if it is developed humans will know the mind of
god. He has made an outstanding legacy for himself and continues to develop
and richen it. He has made many contributions that will forever change how
we do things, and he will continue to do more for as long as he lives.
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