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bo o st i n g
green business
contents
> introduction: where eu business
  embraces the environment                                    p.    4




recycling
> i n t r o d u c t i o n : w a s t e n o t, w a n t n o t    p.   6


> sorting and saving electrical equipment                     p.    7


> using waste for new ceramics                                p.    8


> a new life for tyre rubber                                  p.   9


> a second life for old shoes                                p.    10


> c o m p o st i n g pac kag i n g                           p.    11


> new furniture from old plastic                             p.    12


> feeding waste back into carpet production                  p.    13


> eco-rubber for new markets                                 p.    14


> adding value to cnt waste                                  p.    15


> bringing dark plastic to light                             p.    16


> n ew ways to sort alumi n ium                              p.    17


> a new life for plastic windscreens                         p.    18


> reducing nappy waste                                       p.    19




                                                                  p a g e   1
building and construction
> i n t r o d u c t i o n : n e w f o u n dat i o n s
  for a greener europe                                              p.   20


> building with biosludge                                           p.   21


> a lower carbon footprint for concrete                             p.   22


> wa l l pa n e ls f r o m wa st e                                  p.   23


> a greener glue for wood flooring                                  p.   24


> glass walls reduce waste                                          p.   25


> d e c o r at i n g w i t h wa st e                                p.   26




food and drink
> introduction: from farm to fork:
  a h u n g e r f o r i n n o vat i o n                             p.   27


> greening our menus                                                p.   28


> a gre e n e r way to clean                                        p.   29


> reducing food waste                                               p.   30


> energy from animal carcasses                                      p.   31


> m a k i n g e s s e n t i a l fat t y a c i d s f r o m a lga e   p.   32


> the edible label                                                  p.   33


> a g r e e n e r c atc h                                           p.   34


> g e t t i n g t h e m o st o u t o f m e at wa st e               p.   35


> cleaning up food hygiene                                          p.   36




p a g e   2
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s




“A helping hand to innovative and environmentally
friendly products, services and processes.”


> l e t t i n g o f f st e a m , s av i n g wat e r                p.   37


> cleaning up olive oil                                            p.   38


> popping a new kind of cork                                       p.   39


> a better use of blood                                            p.   40




green business
> introduction: green business is smart business                   p.   41


> new dyes for greener textiles                                    p.   42


> a g r e e n ma r k e t p l ac e f o r u s e d pa l l e t s       p.   43


> improving the eco-credentials of tourism                         p.   44


> e n v i r o n m e n ta l ly- f r i e n d ly p r i n t i n g      p.   45


> a cleaner tread                                                  p.   46


> making milk green                                                p.   47


> cleaning up our footprint                                        p.   48


> a cleaner polish for ceramics                                    p.   49


> from tvs to tiles                                                p.   50


> a gre e n e r way to han dle fre ight                            p.   51


> shaking the dust off ceramic tiles                               p.   52


> redesigning the motorcycle                                       p.   53


> sweet music from sugarbeet                                       p.   54


> e c o - f r i e n d ly c a r s e at s                            p.   55




                                                                             p a g e   3
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s




“The best Eco-innovation projects are those that
can be replicated and multiplied across the EU.”




introduction
where eu business embraces
the environment
In our consumer-driven world, the potentially harmful impact of products and
services on the environment has too often been ignored. But that is changing,
thanks to a new generation of consumers and businesses determined to marry
society’s everyday needs with a cleaner and greener environment.

One solution is to introduce innovative products, services and processes that
protect the environment – a process known as eco-innovation. The goal is to reduce
environmental impacts and make better use of resources.

Spearheading the EU’s effort to bridge the gap between research and the market is
the Eco-innovation initiative. This is designed to help the EU meet its environmental
objectives and boost economic growth, and is managed by the Executive Agency
for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) in close cooperation with the European
Commission’s Environment Directorate-General.

The initiative is part of the EU’s Competitiveness and Innovation Framework
Programme (CIP). It also contributes to implementation of the Environmental
Technologies Action Plan (ETAP), aimed at boosting environmental technologies
while strengthening economic growth and competitiveness.



from prototypes to production
The Eco-innovation initiative is not about research: all ideas must be developed, practical
and offer long-term viability to qualify for funding. Nor are projects simply about
protecting the environment. What the initiative does is lend a helping hand to innovative
and environmentally friendly products, services and processes – moving them along the
road to fully fledged commercial prospects, ready for uptake by business and industry.

Exploitation and market replication are key concepts. The EU wants to maximise
this initiative’s impact and to get the best possible return on investment for each
euro invested in it. The best Eco-innovation projects are those that can be replicated
and multiplied across the EU.




p a g e   4
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s




As a cross-cutting initiative, Eco-innovation provides             eco-innovation:
funding for projects in various sectors that mitigate
environmental impacts or promote a more efficient
                                                                   small businesses
use of resources. The latest priority areas include                gearing up for growth
materials recycling, buildings, the food and drink sector,
and greener business.                                              Environmental products and services have the world at
                                                                   their feet. By one estimate (OECD), they represent around
                                                                   2.5% of the EU’s GDP. Small and innovative businesses
projects selected                                                  across the Community, bursting with great green ideas
for funding in 2008                                                to share with others, are expected to benefit most from
                                                                   this significant and expanding market.
and 2009 by area
                                                                   European eco-industries support some 3.4 million jobs,
OTH ER
                                                                   underlining their readiness to step up to tomorrow’s
1%                                                                 environmental challenges. For all these industries,
                                                                   the Eco-innovation initiative is a prime opportunity
BUILDINGS
10%
                                                   R ECYC LI NG
                                                                   to reach an EU-wide market with their latest
                                                           43%     environmentally friendly ideas and solutions.

FOOD AND DRINK                              GREEN BUSINESS
21%
                                                                   eu eco-innovation
                                                       25%



                                                                   goals
                                                                   >   Market uptake and leverage
Projects selected must be environmentally beneficial,              >   SME focus
innovative and economically viable in the medium to                >   Substantial environmental benefits
long-term. Eco-innovation funding is only there to help            >   European added value
ideas get off the ground: every project must be able
to continue without EU funding.                                    Some €200 million are available for Eco-innovation
                                                                   projects from 2008-13, attracting participants from
A multitude of different projects have been supported              companies and other organisations. Priority is given to
to date. Successful examples include recyclable-paper              SMEs. Currently they make up 70% of project participants.
milk bottles, eco-friendly materials for shoes, sound              For all Eco-innovation participants, the goal is clear:
environmental advice for small businesses, and organic             boosting Europe’s economic growth whilst protecting
bio sludge that can be converted into solid construction           the environment.
materials.




                                                                                                                 p a g e   5
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >    r e c yc l i n g




                                                   >


                                                   recycling
                                                   waste not, want not




                                                   Recycling barely existed in Europe three decades ago. But today this expanding and
                                                   innovative sector has a turnover of €24 billion and accounts for half of the world’s
                                                   waste and recycling industries. Its 60 000-plus companies – three-quarters of which
                                                   are small businesses – have also created jobs for half a million people.

                                                   Waste management in the EU has improved dramatically, thanks to stricter
                                                   legislation and enforcement, greater commercialisation of waste streams, and the
                                                   emergence of new technology to deal with waste and improve its recovery and
                                                   recycling. But there is no shortage of work for Europe’s recycling sector, which faces
                                                   an uphill struggle to keep pace with the mountains of new waste being generated
                                                   across the continent.

                                                   Almost three billion tonnes of waste were generated in the EU-27 in 2006, mainly
                                                   from mining and quarrying, manufacturing, the construction sector, municipal solid
                                                   waste, and hazardous waste. That is the equivalent of a staggering six tonnes for
                                                   every single person in the Community, or 524 kg per capita for municipal waste.
                                                   While average figures like these vary widely at the Member State level, waste
                                                   generation across the EU is still increasing and is expected to go on doing so over
                                                   the next decade.

                                                   The movement away from landfilling, wherever possible, began when the EU adopted
                                                   its Waste Framework Directive in 1975. But although recycling and incineration have
                                                   increased across the EU, some 40% of its municipal waste is still sent to landfills,
                                                   while only 23% is recycled, 20% incinerated and 17% composted.

                                                   Thanks to the revised Waste Framework Directive, the EU now has a general waste
                                                   recycling target, several specific waste targets, and the five-step waste hierarchy
                                                   (prevention, reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal) is part of EU law.
                                                   However, turning Europe into a ‘recycling society’ will take more effort. That is the
                                                   goal of Eco-innovation recycling sector projects, such as a Sweden-based initiative
                                                   to turn old car tyres into reusable ‘eco-rubber’, and a trial in Spain aimed at
                                                   converting animal carcasses into biogas and fertiliser.




                                                   p a g e   6
b o o st i n g    g r e e n    b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                                        1
                 >
                 sorting and saving
                 electrical equipment
                 e-aims – automatic and individualised sorting
                 and management processes of e-wastes



                 summary                                                     results

                 Electrical and electronic equipment is made up of many      In addition to devising automation systems to sort
                 different materials including glass, metals and plastics,   waste, the project will be supported by software
                 along with dangerous substances such as acids and           applications and radio Frequency Identification systems
                 heavy metals.                                               (RFID).

                 Europe generates about 12 million tonnes of waste           The project aims to increase the rates of material
                 electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) every year.      recycling by 35-40% and decrease the amount of waste
                 Unfortunately it is very difficult to separate waste        sent to landfill by 25-30%.
                 materials, which means much end-of-life equipment
                 is either dumped or incinerated.

                 The E-AIMS project intends to provide WEEE managers
                 with an innovative sorting and recovery process. It will
                 run a demonstration at a pilot plant to deal with waste
                 from all categories of WEEE.




                                                                             > > d u r at i o n
                                                                             3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                             > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                             ms ama i a u r i a rt e
                                                                             i n koa – i n koa syst e ms s. l . , s pa i n
                                                                             a .u r i a rt e @ i n koa .com




> > pa r t n e r s
i n dumetal – i n dumetal r e c yc l i n g , s pa i n
frau n hofe r – frau n ho f e r s o c i e t y f o r t h e p r om ot i o n
of appli e d research, ge r ma ny                                                                                                       p a g e    7
e lectro-coord – e lectr o - co o r d h u n ga ry n o n p r o f it
co. ltd., hu ngary
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




    2
                                               >
                                               using waste
                                               for new ceramics
                                               frit-rec – integrated technology
                                               for the reuse of waste lime from
                                               the production of ceramic compounds



       summary                                                        results

       The reuse of waste lime (MFL) from the production              Development of the technology will benefit the frit
       of ceramic compounds (frit) and glazes has been                and enamel industry along with the producers
       hampered as the lime produced does not have a                  of ceramics, glass, small domestic appliances and
       homogeneous composition. Traditional technologies              electronics.
       have focussed on end-of-pipe cleaning of gases and
                                                                      By the end of the project the amount of hazardous
       fulfilling environmental legislation.
                                                                      waste produced will be cut by 90% and CO2 by 43%.
       The project aims at developing a new technology and            The cost of the final product will be reduced by
       improved production process which will enhance the             approximately 4%.
       stability and quality of MFL. This will make it possible
       to use the lime as a substitute for raw material in frit
       and enamel production.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      ms n a da b ož i če k
                                                                      e m o f r it e lt d. , s love n i a
                                                                      n a da . b oz i c e k @ e m o - f r it e . s i




      p a g e     8
b o o st i n g     g r e e n   b u s i n e s s    >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                                            3
                >
                a new life
                for tyre rubber
                big tyre recycling – tyres regenerating
                into reclaim rubber and steel wire/fibres



                summary                                                             results

                Currently there is no way to recycle big tyres (with a              The project will build and run the first full-scale
                diameter greater than 1.4 metres) and at the end of                 continuous process plant for big tyres ever built.
                their lives they are either burned or dumped.
                                                                                    The goal is to recycle 2 000 tonnes of end-of-life tyres in
                This project aims to develop a recycling process that               the first year of operation, before increasing production
                harnesses ultra-high pressure water jetting to reclaim              in the following two years by up to 6 000 tonnes/year.
                the tyre rubber and steel fibres.
                                                                                    Year one should yield about 1 500 tonnes of reclaimed
                The recycling process covers three main activities:                 rubber powders and granulates, which can be used in
                cleaning, measuring and scanning the tyres; cutting                 new compounds and high-value applications.
                and jetting; drying and sieving the resultant powder.




                                                                                    > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                    3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                                    > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                    m r lu c d e s om e r e
                                                                                    bt rc – b i g t y r e r e c yc l i n g co r p o r at i o n b.v. b. , be lgium
                                                                                    d e . s om e r e . lu c @ bt rc . b e




> > pa r t n e r s
ats – ats contracti ng nv, b e lg i um
van aarse n – van aarse n i nt e r n at i o n a l bv, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s
                                                                                                                                                p a g e      9
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




      4
                                               >
                                               a second life
                                               for old shoes
                                               naturalista – post-used shoes recovery
                                               in footwear industry and other applications



       summary                                                        results

       Europe consumes 2 600 million pairs of footwear                The aim is to make ecological products from old
       products annually, which results in 1.5 million tonnes/        footwear where rubber soling and other polymers have
       year of footwear ending up in urban dumping sites.             been used alongside materials like textiles and leather.
       Additionally, the sector industries contribute 90 000
                                                                      The new recycling process will help to decrease the
       additional tonnes of waste derived from by-products
                                                                      environmental impact of footwear after purchase and
       and rejects.
                                                                      during manufacture.
       Naturalista aims to recycle old shoes and footwear
                                                                      Naturalista will aim to obtain an Eco-label that indicates
       industry waste by using a mechanical grinding process
                                                                      that a product uses recycled materials from shoes.
       that is similar to the one used to recycle tyres.

       The grinding process will produce a new compound
       that can be incorporated as a raw material into various
       polymeric products, such as sports-pitch surfaces
       and road safety products. The footwear industry will
       also be able to use the compound to make new soles
       and insoles.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      m r j o s é lu i s ma r í n
                                                                      i nvu lsa – i ny e c ta d o s y vu lc a n i za d o s s. a . , s pa i n
                                                                      j lu i s @ t h e - a rt- com pa ny.com




                                                                      > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                      g um p l ast – g um p l ast p o d h a l e l . l .c , p o l a n d
                                                                      j g – j oaq u i n ga l l a r d o e h i j o s s. l , s pa i n
    p a g e      1 0                                                  t ps p – to d o pa r a s u s p i e s s. l . , s pa i n
                                                                      procalçado – produtora de componentes para calçado, s.a, portugal
                                                                      r e g ut e c – r e g ut e c , t h e c z e c h r e p u b l i c
b o o st i n g     g r e e n       b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                                  5
             >


             composting packaging
             ecopack – improvement on green labels
             for packaging



             summary                                                   results

             The new EcoPack® certification provides new dimensions    EcoPack® certification will reduce the amount of
             to current biodegradability standards related to the      biodegradable municipal waste landfilled by promoting
             direct impact on biodiversity and human health.           food packaging residues and other food contact
                                                                       materials soiled by food as valuable feedstock for
             Six and half million tonnes of biodegradable packaging
                                                                       composting. This will contribute to a reduction of the
             a year are currently being landfilled or incinerated in
                                                                       greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4), saving annually up
             Europe. Despite the application of EU standard EN
                                                                       to between 570 and 454 000 tonnes respectively.
             13432 for biodegradability, commercial composters are
             still reluctant to consider food-soiled biodegradable     A recognised industry standard that is a guarantee
             packaging as feedstock for composting.                    of safety will become a significant marketing tool for
                                                                       food brands and manufacturers of packaging and
             The second market for the new EcoPack® certification
                                                                       agricultural plastics.
             is polymers that are used as fertiliser or mulch films,
             corresponding to about 112 000 tonnes of soiled
             agricultures plastics that remain in the soil because
             they are not collected.




                                                                       > > d u r at i o n
                                                                       3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                       > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                       m r da n i e l r i b e r a
                                                                       b i otox – b i o - tox sa r l , f r a n c e
                                                                       d r i b e r a @ b i o - tox . f r




> > pa r t n e r s
ce labor – ce labor scrl , b e lg i um
i pl – pasteu r i nstitute o f l i l l e , f r a n c e
itene – packaging, transport and logistics research center, spain                                                                      p a g e    1 1
pe na – pe na e nvi ronme nt, f r a n c e
opc – organ ic products c lu st e r , g r e e c e
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




    6
                                               >
                                               new furniture
                                               from old plastic
                                               prowaste – efficient utilization of plastic waste
                                               through product design and process innovation



       summary                                                        results

       Currently only a small percentage of plastic waste is          The project will design and validate a range of
       mechanically recycled to make beams – also called              furniture with a view to large-scale production and
       plastic lumbers – for the urban/outdoor furniture              commercialisation.
       market.
                                                                      Wider benefits will include a reduction in unsorted
       Plastic beams could be used more widely to make                plastic waste going to landfill, incineration or energy
       all sorts of products such as seats, benches, gazebos,         recovery.
       planters and fencing. Unfortunately, the mix of polymers
       present in plastic scrap, along with contamination from
       other materials, results in a plastic beam that is weak
       or over-dimensioned, leading to heavy and unattractive
       products.

       Prowaste aims to solve this problem by using pultruded
       rods made from composite materials and glass fibre
       to reinforce beams developed from recycled plastic.
       The result will be a lighter, stronger product capable of
       making more environmentally-friendly, aesthetically
       pleasing outdoor furniture.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      ms. a l e s sa n d r a pas sa r o
                                                                      c e tma – e n g i n e e r i n g , d e s i g n a n d mat e r i a ls t e c h n o logi es
                                                                      c e nt r e , ita ly
                                                                      a l e s sa n d r a . pas sa r o @ c e tma . it




                                                                      > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                      u n i sa l e nto – u n ive r s it y o f sa l e nto, ita ly
                                                                      masm e c – masm e c s. p. a . , ita ly
    p a g e      1 2                                                  o g l e – o g l e lt d. , ita ly
                                                                      inserplasa – industria sevillana recicla je de plasticos s.l, spain
                                                                      s o lt e co – s o lt e co ma d e r a p l ast i c as. l , s pa i n
                                                                      c i c lo p l ast – c i c lo p l ast s. a , s pa i n
b o o st i n g      g r e e n     b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                                  7
              >
              feeding waste back
              into carpet production
              euroc2c carpetchains – towards closed
              loop chains in europe



              summary                                                     results

              The manufacturing of carpets and floor tiles is,            The initiative seeks to engage more partners in the
              traditionally, linear – raw materials are transformed and   replication and up-scaling of the project and intends
              used to make carpets which are finally sent to landfill,    to be processing 4% of the EU’s contract market in year
              municipal waste or cement kilns.                            three, i.e. 16 000 tonnes.

              Partners involved in this initiative are making cradle-     By doing this they will reduce the use of virgin
              to-cradle manufacturing a key part of the carpet value      materials by 8 000 tonnes, avoid the production of
              chain, putting in place an appropriate take-back system     8 400 tonnes of CO2 and enable the reduction of energy
              in six EU countries through sorting and separating          by the equivalent of the average consumption of
              carpet waste into light and heavy fraction.                 1 600 households a year.

              The light fraction is clean enough for the depolymeri-
              sation of nylon 6 into material which can then be made
              into yarns for new carpets. The heavy fraction will be
              recycled for the construction of road surfaces.




                                                                          > > d u r at i o n
                                                                          3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                          > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                          m r r u d i da e l ma n s
                                                                          d e s s o g r o u p bv, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s
                                                                          r da e l ma n s @ d e s s o.com




> > pa r t n e r s
desso france sas, fran c e
desso ge rmany gmbh, g e r ma ny
desso u k ltd, u n ite d ki n g d om                                                                                                     p a g e    1 3
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




    8
                                               >
                                               eco-rubber
                                               for new markets
                                               ace – advanced pre-commercialization
                                               of eco rubber



       summary                                                        results

       Mountains of old tyres are still being generated in            The project embraces raw materials suppliers, innovators,
       the EU – this initiative sets out to reuse, annually,          market intermediaries and user-groups in an attempt
       190 tonnes of rubber and plastic from recycled tyres           to boost product uptake.
       through the use of a new technology partners have
                                                                      Success will mean the identification of 20 possible
       patented.
                                                                      customers in three geographical markets in two
       The technique generates copolymers for the use in              sectors worth at least €5 million and the decreased
       thermoplastic rubber, resulting in the initiatives’ new        consumption of new rubber, by 190 tonnes, and of oil,
       ‘eco-rubber’. This is rubber in powder form which is           by 1 700 tonnes a year.
       mixed with reclaimed plastic to create a chemical
       reaction that binds and strengthens the components.

       The project focuses on two markets, construction and
       automotive, and has the overall objective of dismantling
       some key barriers in the pre-commercialisation phase.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      m r å k e pau ls s o n
                                                                      e co r u b a b, sw e d e n
                                                                      a k e @ e co r u b. s e




                                                                      > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                      k it, ka r ls r u h e r i n st itut fü r t e c h n o lo g i e , g e r ma ny
                                                                      ac s, b u s i n e s s i nt e r e st as s o c i at i o n ac s, s love n i a
    p a g e      1 4                                                  h e rco, t y r e s h e rco sa , g r e e c e
b o o st i n g     g r e e n    b u s i n e s s     >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                              9
               >
               adding value
               to cnt waste
               recytube – increasing the use of recycled carbon
               nanotube (cnt) compounds for applications



               summary                                                    results

               The production of carbon nano tube (CNT) masterbatch       CNT based masterbatch production will benefit from
               and the compounding of CNT and injection moulding          an improved environmental and economical profile.
               production processes all result in CNT waste. This is      Plastic compounds will be cheaper and injection
               mixed in with thermoplastic materials at differing         moulding companies will be able to use costly material
               proportions.                                               that is now sent to landfill.

               As things are now, a lack of cost effective recycling
               techniques and industrial level processing means these
               scraps are considered useless, although the actual cost
               of CNT is close to €150 per kilo.

               The initiative aims to develop a fast, in situ charac-
               terisation of the scraps, during the production process,
               which will measure physical, thermal, mechanical and
               electrical properties. The goal is to obtain new polymer
               nanocomposites with good electrical properties.

               Since the machine needed to introduce the scrap
               into the production chain is the same as that used
               in recycling plastics, no extra investment is needed.




                                                                          > > d u r at i o n
                                                                          3 0 m o nt h s

                                                                          > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                          ms ma r i a j o s e m o r e to ba d i a
                                                                          a i m p l as – as o c i ac i o n d e i nve st i gac i o n
                                                                          d e mat e r i a l e s p l ast i co s y co n e x as, s pa i n
                                                                          p r oy e c to s @ a i m p l as. e s




> > pa r t n e r s
fape ri n, fape ri n s.l, spa i n
nanoc yl, nanoc yl s.a, b e lg i um
colorex, colorex mast e r bac h b.v, n e t h e r l a n d s                                                                               p a g e    1 5
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




10
                                               >
                                               bringing dark
                                               plastic to light

                                               bp sorting – black polymer sorting



       summary                                                        results

       Most black plastics end up being incinerated or                Partners hope to set up forty installations a year, greatly
       bailed into landfill. This initiative aims to optimise         relieving the pressure on landfill and cutting back the
       hyperspectral imaging sensors, HELIOS SWIR (short              amount of material incinerated.
       wave infrared), to raise the annual recovery of dark
                                                                      Reusing this plastic will also save oil and energy, resulting
       and almost dark plastics by one million tonnes,
                                                                      in the saving of 0.5 million tonnes of CO2 a year with
       worldwide, within the first two years of the project’s
                                                                      an ultimate target of a reduction of 5 million tonnes
       implementation.
                                                                      a year, worldwide.
       Black polymers are used in the automotive, electrical
       and electronics industries along with the packaging
       and construction industries. However, recycling is ham-
       pered by the current inability to identify homogenous
       fractions of plastic.

       The proposed solution will be able to identify, classify
       and sort black plastics through the integration of short
       wave infrared in sorting machines.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      m r ma n f r e d pa i l
                                                                      evk , evk d i k e r s c h h ag g l g m b h , au st r i a
                                                                      ma n f r e d. pa i l @ evk . b i z




                                                                      > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                      rt t, rt t syst e mt e c h n i k g m b h , g e r ma ny
                                                                      py r a l , py r a l ag , g e r ma ny
    p a g e      1 6
b o o st i n g     g r e e n    b u s i n e s s       >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                                  11
             >
             new ways to sort
             aluminium

             parilas – quality aluminium recycling



             summary                                                       results

             This initiative will harness inline laser identification to   One installation of the PARILAS system could replace
             demonstrate the next generation of high performance           10 000 tn/year of new aluminium. The expected purity
             aluminium recycling. Light metal shredder scrap is a          of the sorted material fractions will be > 95% with a
             mixture of wrought and cast aluminium alloys and              throughput of > 3t/h.
             recycling is only achievable if this can be separated out.
                                                                           The estimated economic impact (on the basis scrap
             Being able to do this will open a new market in material
                                                                           prices in August 2009) is an average gain of about
             specific recycling.
                                                                           125 €/tonne for an alloy grade sorted fraction
             A pilot sorting line is planned consisting of a belt          compared to a mixed aluminium fraction.
             conveyor to transport the shredded scrap and a laser
             identification unit which will measure chemical
             composition at a rate of 40 pieces a second.

             A pneumatic valve will blow pieces into one of four,
             different boxes according to their respective chemical
             composition.




                                                                           > > d u r at i o n
                                                                           2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                           > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                           mr reinhard noll
                                                                           l e h r stu h l fü r l as e rt e c h n i k , rw t h a ac h e n
                                                                           ( u n ive r s it y o f a ac h e n )
                                                                           r e i n h a r d. n o l l @ i lt. f r au n h o f e r . d e




> > pa r t n e r s
titech, titech gmbh, ge r ma ny
lsa, lsa – laser analytical systems & automation gmbh, germany
alcan crv, alcan crv, fr a n c e                                                                                                        p a g e        1 7
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




12
                                               >
                                               a new life for plastic
                                               windscreens
                                               ws-rec – design and construction
                                               of a windscreen recycling line



       summary                                                        results

       Glass and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) are used to make             Pure recycled PVB commands a high price (€7-8 per kg),
       laminated safety glass for vehicle windscreens.                which makes the recycling process a profitable
       Current processes can only recover the glass from end-         proposition. What is more, the development of a high-
       of-life windscreens, which means the PVB is disposed           quality, commercially valuable product will lead to less
       of as waste, either in landfill or through incineration.       PVB being dumped as waste.

       WS-REC aims to improve matters by constructing a               The WS-REC line will also contribute to EU targets for
       pre-competitive scale windscreen recycling plant               the recovery and recycling of old and unwanted vehicles
       that can recover both glass and PVB.                           and parts.

       The project will also develop a purification system that
       can remove glass and other substances that adhere
       to the PVB.

       In addition, glass recovery will be made more efficient.




                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                      3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                      m r c l au d i o – f e r n a n d e z
                                                                      t e c h n o lo g i c a l c e nt r e lu r e d e r r a , s pa i n
                                                                      c l au d i o. f e r n a n d e z @ lu r e d e r r a . e s




                                                                      > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                      b i l d u l a n – b i l d u l a n s co o p, s pa i n
                                                                      lu n a r a p i d – lu n a r a p i d s l , s pa i n
    p a g e      1 8                                                  za b e r – d r . za b e r s p. z .o. a . , p o l a n d
                                                                      p h b – p l ast i c h e rve rw e r k i n g b r a k e l , n e t h e r l a n d s
                                                                      m o s b.v. – mac h i n e fa b r i k ot to s c h o ut e n , n e t h e r l a n ds
b o o st i n g    g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   r e c yc l i n g




                                                                                                                             13
               >
               reducing
               nappy waste
               the diapers project – a zero emission
               green plant



               summary                                                        results

               In Europe, an estimated 36.25 billion disposable nappies       The project will demonstrate that recycling disposable
               are used every year, One baby produces approximately           nappies and reducing household waste can be profitable.
               one tonne of used nappies. 4.5 million tonnes of used
                                                                              The three-year project will treat 70 000 tonnes of
               nappies end up in landfills and incinerators.
                                                                              nappies, and thus cut 56 000 tonnes of CO2 – an 80%
               Recycling plastics with organic contamination is               reduction on incinerated nappies.
               complicated because of the lack of a separate col-
               lection system, the high energy consumption of the
               process itself and the uncertainty about the market
               possibilities of the recycled material. The Diapers
               Project aims to set up an industrial sorting and
               recycling process that will recycle nappies in a cost
               efficient and environmentally friendly way, leading the
               way for recycling of other organically contaminated
               plastics, also known as “forgotten” waste.




                                                                              > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                              m r c h r i sto p h e e s q u e n e t
                                                                              i w p – i nt e r n at i o n a l w o o d p r o d u c i n g com pa ny, be lgium
                                                                              c . e s q u e n e t @ c r st e c h n o lo g i e s.com




> > pa r t n e r s
vgg – van gansewi n ke l n e t h e r l a n d s, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s
sug – schoe nmacke rs umw e lt d i e n st e g m b h & co kg , g e r ma ny
                                                                                                                                        p a g e    1 9
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




                                                   >

                                                   building &
                                                   construction
                                                   new foundations for a greener europe


                                                   Building and construction are a key part of the EU’s economy. The sector makes
                                                   up some 10% of gross domestic product and more than 7% of total employment
                                                   – and these figures only take into account new construction, buildings renovation
                                                   and on-site civil engineering. Some 26 million jobs depend directly or indirectly on
                                                   the sector, while direct employment in the construction materials and building
                                                   products industry is estimated at 2.5 million jobs.

                                                   Due to its size and numerous related activities, the sector has a huge impact on the
                                                   environment. Above all, it is an avid consumer of resources – with more than half
                                                   of all materials extracted from the earth being turned into construction materials
                                                   and products. Furthermore, in many countries waste generation from construction
                                                   and demolition activities has increased in recent years.

                                                   The sector also consumes vast amounts of energy and generates significant emissions
                                                   to the air, soil and water. The heating and lighting of buildings alone account for
                                                   around 42% of energy use and some 35% of greenhouse gas emissions. And while
                                                   energy use per household has remained constant since 1985, the EU’s total energy
                                                   consumption has increased in line with the expansion of our towns and cities.

                                                   Tackling these environmental and sustainability challenges is tough, due to the
                                                   uniqueness of the building and construction sector. It is, for example, highly regulated
                                                   at the national level, making it harder to introduce innovative technologies or new
                                                   standards such as Ecocodes at Community level. Other constraints to change and
                                                   innovation include the public sector’s dominance as a client, the long service life of
                                                   buildings, and a complex and fragmented supply chain.

                                                   The Eco-innovation initiative supports several projects that aim to change the way
                                                   buildings are designed, constructed, refurbished and demolished, with an eye on
                                                   reducing the amount of raw materials and energy used. Projects under way include
                                                   an Italian system to detect water leaks in city networks, and the testing in Serbia of
                                                   the potential of organic waste or ‘biosludge’ to create composite building material.




                                               p a g e    2 0
b o o st i n g    g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




                                                                                                             14
>
building
with biosludge
bacom – sustainable production
of composite construction materials



summary                                                          results

The organic biosludge produced by Europe’s 50 000 plus           Anticipated results include the reduction of green
waste water treatment plants has traditionally been              house gasses at EU level by 1 460 000 tonnes of CO2 a
disposed of in landfill or been incinerated. However,            year within ten years of the project’s kick off.
the landfill option has been banned in the EU since
                                                                 A reduction in costs of waste management and in
15 July 2009.
                                                                 environmental taxes will make biosolid producers more
This initiative sets out to rethink the problem of               competitive.
biosludge waste radically, considering it as potential
                                                                 The use of biosolids and sludge as construction
composite building material rather than as waste. The
                                                                 materials will generate both environmental and
project uses material from a wide range of sectors such
                                                                 economic benefits.
as ports, public waterways, water treatment plants, lime
production and smelting plants, to name but a few.

The first step is to upgrade the existing pilot production
line in Slovenia and set up others in Slovakia, Greece
and Poland.




                                                                 > > d u r at i o n
                                                                 3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                 > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                 m r e r i k sa r k i c
                                                                 lo g e nt lt d. , s love n i a
                                                                 lo g e nt @ s i o l . n e t




                                                                                                                           p a g e    2 1
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




15
                                               >
                                               a lower carbon
                                               footprint for concrete
                                               sustcon-epv – franchise marketing
                                               of a sustainability index and eco label
                                               for concrete



       summary                                                                    results

       Concrete is the world’s most common construction                           The Sustcon-EPV project aims to encourage the
       material but the production of cement used to bind it                      uptake of sustainable concrete technology via a new
       is a key source of CO2 emissions.                                          sustainability index and the so-called environmental
                                                                                  performance protocol.
       The use of more sustainable types of concrete is
       hindered by the prescription based standards and                           It will encourage the cross-border use of sustainable
       regulation that are currently in use. The project                          concrete, reduce raw material production and lead
       provides the technical and marketing structure that                        to a decrease of CO2 emissions of 50 to 250 kg per m3
       will facilitate the access to the market of sustain-                       of sustainable concrete.
       able concrete products. Its sustainability index and
       environmental technology verification protocol are
       based on the performance of these products rather
       than their composition.




                                                                                  > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                  2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                                  > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                  m r lu i s m i g u e l o r d o ñ e z b e l lo c
                                                                                  a i d i co – t e c h n o lo g i c a l i n st itut e o f co n st r u c t i o n , spai n
                                                                                  lu i sm i g u e l .o r d o n e z @ a i d i co. e s




                                                                                  > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                                  fevec – federation of valencian construction companies, spain
                                                                                  bas bv – r e s e a rc h & t e c h n o lo gy, n e t h e r l a n d s
    p a g e      2 2                                                              nibe – institute for building biology and ecology, netherlands
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s      >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




                                                                                                                                     16
                >
                wall panels
                from waste
                ecowall – novel composite concrete
                insulated building materials optimised



                summary                                                               results

                Many family homes are built with bricks and concrete                  The project will establish a pilot plant in Estonia to start
                block walls – a process which needs a lot of energy and               production. Initially, the plant will make 100 000 m2
                raw materials.                                                        of wall panels annually.

                EcoWall aims to reduce those requirements and                         Taking account of construction and use over a 50-year
                associated environmental impacts by producing                         period, a single family home built using the EcoWall
                modular composite concrete panels that offer savings                  panels can expect to achieve energy savings of more
                in construction costs and improved thermal insulation.                than 1 840 GJ and a reduction in CO2 of 111 tonnes.

                EcoWall will use industrial waste materials and recycled
                concrete aggregates to make the panels. Foamed
                concrete will provide insulation, which in turn will save
                energy.

                The objective is to produce a long-lasting and durable
                product which retains the attractive appearance of
                traditional materials.




                                                                                      > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                      3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                                      > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                      m r d o u g l as r e i d
                                                                                      a r d o r a n lt d, e sto n i a
                                                                                      d o u g l as. r e i d @ h i i uma a . e e




> > pa r t n e r s
luca – dr luca & partn e r e n g i n e e r i n g lt d, g e r ma ny


                                                                                                                                                   p a g e    2 3
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




17
                                               >
                                               a greener glue
                                               for wood flooring
                                               ecbp – ecolabelled chemical building products.
                                               new adhesives for wood-flooring



       summary                                                                    results

       The European wood flooring (parquet) market produces                       By completion, the project intends to produce
       over 100 million square metres per year. Approximately                     0.7 million kilos of adhesive that have zero methanol
       70% of these wood floors are installed using a bonding                     emissions and no harmful substances such as tin
       process that requires specialised adhesives. Estimated                     and isocyanates. Two years after the project has
       consumption of these adhesives is 70 million litres per                    finished, NPT aims to achieve a production capacity
       year – but they contain volatile organic compounds                         of 1.5 million kilos of adhesive per year.
       (VOCs) which are harmful to human health and the
       environment.

       ECBP aims to introduce onto the market new envi-
       ronmentally friendly adhesives for wood-flooring
       installation, certified by the Nordic Ecolabel.

       The innovative prepolymers were developed and have
       already been demonstrated by NPT. The project focuses
       on increasing and optimising production capacity.

       Efforts will be made to involve other European countries
       in order to find local distributors. The main targets will
       be flooring companies and stores selling wood flooring.




                                                                                  > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                  3 2 m o nt h s

                                                                                  > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                  m r a l e s sa n d r o ga l b i at i
                                                                                  n p t s. r . l . , ita ly
                                                                                  a .ga l b i at i @ n p ts r l .com




    p a g e      2 4
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s      >   b u i l d i n g      a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




                                                                                                                                           18
               >
               glass walls
               reduce waste

               sanguss – wall-filling material



               summary                                                               results

               The Sanguss project is using a novel technology to                    The project is aiming for a quick and sustainable
               fill wall panels which can incorporate piping to carry                penetration of the market. The initial goal is to deliver
               sewage and water.                                                     a market share of 5% in the two years after the project
                                                                                     has ended.
               The wall-filling material is made from a special foam
               glass which is produced from glass which can no longer                Preparation for market introduction will include 3rd
               be used in the conventional glass recycling process and               party certification and preparation of equipment,
               which is thus useless waste material (e.g., finest glass              materials, tools, pumps and the build up of a training
               fractions). This waste is at present often deposited in               network.
               landfill. Sanguss walls will offer clear advantages in
               terms of waste reduction, hygiene, noise reduction, fire
               protection and structural stability. The end product
               should also be cheap and easy to use.

               Wall construction integrates a range of different
               building professions such as bricklaying, pipe-laying,
               plumbing and plastering. The project will work with
               these professions in order to try and ensure a wide
               market uptake.




                                                                                     > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                     3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                                     > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                     mr friedhelm simon
                                                                                     baut e c h n i k s i m o n , g e r ma ny
                                                                                     baut e c h n i k . s i m o n @ t- o n l i n e . d e




> > pa r t n e r s
de n n e rt porave r gmbh – d e n n e rt p o r ave r g m b h , g e r ma ny
u n i bautech – u n i baute c h , g e r ma ny
wimtech – wimtech – e l e kt r o n i s c h e st e u e r u n g s -                                                                                    p a g e    2 5
u n d messge räte, austr i a
ch emi e-cluste rbaye rn – c h e m i e - c lu st e r bay e r n c /o
u n ive rsität baye rn se rvi c e g m b h , g e r ma ny
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   b u i l d i n g   a n d   c o n st r u c t i o n




19
                                               >
                                               decorating
                                               with waste
                                               wap-wir – wall panel without resin - replacement
                                               of polyester resins, volatile solvents and hazardous
                                               pigments with natural stone and glass powders



       summary                                                                    results

       Decorative wall panels are traditionally made using                        The new manufacturing process will bring about the
       polyester resins, volatile solvents and hazardous                          following main benefits:
       pigments, which cause air and water pollution. The
                                                                                  > Methane savings of approx. 100.000 m3/year;
       WAP-WIR project aims to substitute these materials
       with natural stone and glass powders, obtained                             > Discontinuation of the use of toxic or harmful
       from waste.                                                                  volatile solvents, polymeric resins and pigments
                                                                                    (saving approximately 1 450 tonnes/year);
       The project will develop a production line that can
       manufacture these panels and therefore create an                           > 60% reduction in the quantity of water used
       innovative environmentally-friendly, low-energy process.                     (saving approximately 1 million litres/year);

       WAP-WIR will use fine and coarse powders – such as cuts                    > 25% reduction in energy consumption during
       of natural stone, milled glass and iron oxide spheres –                      production (corresponding to 300.000 kWh/year);
       which have been recovered from other manufacturing                         > A product that can be recycled both in its semi-
       activities.                                                                  finished and finished state and even after installation.




                                                                                  > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                  3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                                  > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                  mr giuseppe ferrari
                                                                                  ga r d e n i a – c e r am i c h e ga r d e n i a o rc h i d e a s. p. a , ita ly
                                                                                  g i u s e p p e . f e r r a r i @ ga r d e n i a . it




    p a g e      2 6
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




>

food
and drink
from farm to fork: a hunger for innovation


The food and drink industry is one of Europe’s crown jewels, with a turnover of more
than €965 billion. It processes some 70% of the EU’s agricultural raw materials and
employs over four million people – almost all in small or medium-sized businesses.

Much of the sector’s success stems from harnessing Europe’s rich cultural and culinary
diversity and traditions. Among them are speciality meat, dairy and confectionery
products, as well as numerous different wines and spirits enjoyed all over the world.

However, the sector’s share of the global food and drink market is in decline,
as a result of increased competition from emerging economies such as China, India
and Brazil. Experts say that Europe can no longer compete on price in this field, so
will in future have to add value by offering healthier and more innovative produce.

One of the sector’s main weaknesses is extreme fragmentation. More than 99%
of the companies are SMEs, which means they struggle to compete with larger
players, such as retail companies, in terms of market and bargaining power.
In addition, compared to other industries, innovation expenditure is very low (0.37%)
as a proportion of turnover.

The sector has enjoyed good economic growth. But food and drink have been
assessed as still having the greatest environmental impact in their lifecycle,
ahead even of private transport and housing.

New and greener technologies and processes can make this European sector
more competitive and dynamic. Some are being trialled today under the
Eco-innovation initiative. They include new wastewater treatment solutions,
bio-waste transformation into new valuable products and new food packaging
solutions.




                                                                                       p a g e     2 7
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




20
                                               >
                                               greening
                                               our menus
                                               ecofood-sme – cluster methodologies
                                               to green business, products and services
                                               of agro-food smes



       summary                                                                   results

       SMEs make up about 99% of businesses in the agro-                         Forty companies will undergo an initial assessment.
       food sector, but they often lack the resources to boost                   Then the project team will develop methodologies that
       their own eco-credentials.                                                take account of each company’s features along with
                                                                                 the general characteristics of the sector.
       This project aims to change this situation by clustering
       the sector’s SMEs to ‘green’ their businesses, products                   Changes will be implemented for half of the companies
       and services. A geographical cluster in Spain and a                       that have been assessed. This should help the SMEs
       breweries cluster in Germany will improve the ecological                  concerned achieve EMAS III certification or to obtain EN
       status of their products.                                                 16001 energy management certification.

                                                                                 Indirect impacts are expected on raw material
                                                                                 consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, odours,
                                                                                 the need for hazardous chemicals, amount of waste
                                                                                 produced and on the consumption of water.




                                                                                 > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                 2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                                 > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                 m r m i g u e l a n g e l e s c a lo n a a n d r e u
                                                                                 c e z – e nt r e p r e n e u r ’s co n f e d e r at i o n o f sa r ag o s sa , spai n
                                                                                 m e s c a lo n a @ c e z . e s




                                                                                 > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                                 i nt e c h n i a – i nt e c h n i a co n s u lt i n g , g e r ma ny
                                                                                 a i d i a – ag r o - f o o d r & d & i as s o c i at i o n , s pa i n
    p a g e      2 8
b o o st i n g      g r e e n     b u s i n e s s     >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




                                                                                                                  21
>
a greener way
to sterilise
sterilis – reduction of water and energy
consumption in the food industry:
innovative sterilisation equipment



summary                                                      results

The company behind this project has developed and            Sterilis will provide innovation in the field by offering
built a prototype retort, which is sterilisation equipment   a process of continuous sterilisation. What is more,
that can be used by the food and drinks industry.            the project team expects its machine will save water,
                                                             electricity, chemicals – and produce less waste.
The goal of Sterilis project is to harness this technology
                                                             For example, water consumption could be reduced
by using a machine under ‘real-life’ conditions and at
                                                             by up to 30%.
industrial scale at a customer’s factory.
                                                             With this first implementation and a strong exploitation
                                                             strategy, the company will build new machines to be
                                                             sold commercially.




                                                             > > d u r at i o n
                                                             3 6 m o nt h s

                                                             > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                             m r t h i e r ry l e c h n e r
                                                             st e r it e c h – st e r it e c h sa , f r a n c e
                                                             t h i e r ry. l e c h n e r @ st e r it e c h . e u.com




                                                                                                                             p a g e     2 9
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




22
                                               >
                                               reducing
                                               food waste
                                               enbed – environmental benefits through
                                               the decrease of food products loss and waste



       summary                                                                   results

       Perishable foods need keeping at the correct tempera-                     ENBED intends to provide at least two companies that
       ture and in the right environmental conditions.                           produce dairy products with a system that is ready to
                                                                                 use commercially.
       However, up to 33% of perishable goods are lost during
       storage and transportation, and the food industry is                      Once the system is commercialised on a European scale
       stuck with high energy costs to keep its products fresh.                  it should offer billions of euros in gas, fuel and water
                                                                                 savings each year.
       The ENBED project aims to optimise the entire produc-
       tion and distribution chain by ensuring that products
       are kept in the right conditions. Its solution will be based
       on wireless sensors and GPRS cellular communication.

       The objective is to develop a system that offers real-
       time monitoring of conditions and the ability to make
       corrective actions that can avoid energy wastage
       and loss of product quality.




                                                                                 > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                 2 4 m o nt h s

                                                                                 > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                 m r m e i r avn i
                                                                                 c a rta - s e n s e lt d, i s r a e l
                                                                                 m e i r @ c a rtas e n s e .com




                                                                                 > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                                 c a i s i a l – ac a d e m i c c e nt r e f o r i n n ovat i o n a n d d eve lopme nt
                                                                                 i n t h e f o o d i n d u st ry, ita ly
    p a g e      3 0                                                             co da p – co. da . p, co l a da i ry p r o d u c ts s. p. a . , ita ly
                                                                                 e n co – e n co e n g i n e e r i n g a n d co n s u lt i n g s r l , ita ly
                                                                                 i n i c i at ivas – i n i c i at ivas i n n ova d o r as s. a . l . , s pa i n
b o o st i n g        g r e e n      b u s i n e s s       >    f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




                                                                                                                           23
                >
                energy from
                animal carcasses
                apre – management of organic watse
                using anaerobic co-digestion for its recycling
                as organic fertiliser



                summary                                                 results

                The agro-food industry disposes of animal by-products   The APRE process can treat 11 tonnes of dead animals
                mainly through rendering and incineration or landfill   every day, which will produce 4 000 m3 of bio-gas
                actions which have high environmental impacts.          (60% of which is methane) and 44 tonnes of liquid
                                                                        fertiliser. The heat generated will be turned into electric
                APRE aims to develop a more sustainable approach
                                                                        power which can be used in production or sold on.
                to the management of animal by-products and dead
                animals through the anaerobic digestion of carcasses    The fertiliser will be used on land for corn crops.
                to produce a high-quality fertiliser and bio-gas.       The corn grains will be sold as fodder, while the leaves
                                                                        and stalks are co-digested to optimise the APRE process.
                The project therefore offers an innovative way to
                use waste to produce useful products that have high
                economic and environmental benefits.




                                                                        > > d u r at i o n
                                                                        3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                        > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                        ms yo l a n da c a rc e d o
                                                                        vi s e – vi s e co r sa s. l .u, s pa i n
                                                                        vi s e co r sa @ r a n e b e . e .t e l e f o n i c a . n e t




> > pa r t n e r s
bfc – biogas fu e l ce ll s. a , s pa i n
big – bigadan a /s, de nma r k
pu ral – pu ri n es almazá n s. l . , s pa i n                                                                                                p a g e     3 1
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




24
                                               >
                                               making essential
                                               fat t y ac i d s f r o m a lga e
                                               phobior – an innovative photo-bioreactor
                                               for the production of micro algae with high amounts
                                               of omega- 3 fatty acids



       summary                                                                   results

       Omega-3 fatty acids are essential to the human me-                        The first industrial-sized photo-bioreactor for the
       tabolism. But most nutritional supplements containing                     production of high-quality omega-3 fatty acids from
       them are made of fish oil, despite the hazards raised                     algae will be built at the Energiepark Bruck in Austria.
       by overfishing and mercury contamination.                                 The bioreactor’s ingenious design will have several
                                                                                 positive impacts: instead of using extra energy, CO2
       Phobior aims to use algae biomass to produce omega-3
                                                                                 will move the algae through the system, at the same
       fatty acids by commercialising an innovative photo-
                                                                                 time nourishing it and generating oxygen. Phosphate
       bioreactor.
                                                                                 will be reused as well as all water. The system’s design
                                                                                 also optimises space and sunlight to stimulate algae
                                                                                 growth. It will also require less pest control additives.

                                                                                 Costs will be low while producing top-range, uncon-
                                                                                 taminated products.




                                                                                 > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                 3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                                 > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                 m r ma rt i n m o h r
                                                                                 e co d u n a – e co d u n a com pa ny, au st r i a
                                                                                 m o h r @ e co d u n a .com




                                                                                 > > pa r t n e r
                                                                                 e n e rg i e pa r k b r u c k , au st r i a


    p a g e      3 2
b o o st i n g      g r e e n     b u s i n e s s     >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




                                                                                                                         25
             >


             the edible label
             laser mark – creating market demand
             for fruits labelled ecologically with innovative
             laser technologies



             summary                                                     results

             Under EU regulations, fruit and vegetables have to          Partners are committed to decreasing the use of natural
             be labelled to let consumers know product specifics.        resources and their process will have the following
             Currently this is done through the use of adhesive,         positive impacts:
             laminated stickers requiring the use of natural resources
                                                                         > Up to 35% reduction in energy consumption due to
             (wood, energy and water) along with chemicals
                                                                           the elimination of paper and polythene stickers.
             (glue and ink production).
                                                                         > Innovative process completely eliminates the pro-
             This initiative sets forward the use of laser marking to
                                                                           duction, use and residues of glue and ink used in
             replace stickers. This consists of marking the produce
                                                                           traditional process as the information is marked
             with edible contrast substance which appears when
                                                                           directly on the fruit or vegetable.
             activated by a laser, revealing such information as
             identifying numbers, country of origin and other useful
             information.

             Six installations will pilot the technology in Valencia
             and the UK, aiming to overcome the barriers to market
             uptake by proving reliability and cost effectiveness.




                                                                         > > d u r at i o n
                                                                         3 6 m o nt h s

                                                                         > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                         m r ja i m e sa n f e l ix pa l au
                                                                         l as e r f o o d, l as e r f o o d 2 0 0 7, s. l . , s pa i n
                                                                         j sa n f e l ix @ l as e r f o o d. e s




> > pa r t n e r s
maxfrut, maxfrut s.l ., s pa i n
jsv, jsv sistemas rdi f s. l . , s pa i n
fcvre, fundación comunidad valenciana – region europea, spain                                                                            p a g e     3 3
bcla, black country learning academy limited, united kingdom
b o o st i n g   g r e e n   b u s i n e s s   >   f o o d   a n d   d r i n k




26
                                               >


                                               a greener catch
                                               ecobionet – industrial implementation
                                               of biodegradable and compostable packaging
                                               nets for agricultural and shellfish products



       summary                                                                   results

       Large supermarket chains increasingly ask their                           Ecobionet involves the industrialisation of four
       suppliers to use biodegradable packaging material.                        biodegradable packaging nets and their testing for
       This also affects suppliers of products packed in nets,                   strength, weight and cost efficiency. They will be
       such as potatoes, garlic and mussels. Biodegradable                       commercialised after compostability tests.
       nets are normally produced by a knitting process that
       involves a 25% waste loss.

       The ECOBIONET project industrialises the production
       of different types of biodegradable nets by a more
       sophisticated and reliable extrusion melt spinning
       process. The nets must have good physical and
       mechanical properties, be completely biodegradable
       and be cost-competitive with other solutions in the
       market. The packaging nets will be tested for use as
       a packaging of agricultural products and shellfish.
       The project will broaden the use of compostable
       biopolymers to other applications that require high
       melt strength and high viscosity during the
       manufacturing process, such as bottles and containers.




                                                                                 > > d u r at i o n
                                                                                 3 0 m o nt h s

                                                                                 > > c o o r d i n at o r
                                                                                 ms r aq u e l g i n e r b o r r u l l
                                                                                 a i m p l as – t e c h n o lo g i c a l i n st itut e o f p l ast i c s, s pa i n
                                                                                 p r oy e c to s @ a i m p l as. e s




                                                                                 > > pa r t n e r s
                                                                                 t e c n a r o – t e c n a r o g m b h , g e r ma ny
                                                                                 m e s e g u e r – c r i sto ba l m e s e g u e r s. a . , s pa i n
    p a g e      3 4                                                             e co p l as – e co p l as ba r ba n za s. l . , s pa i n
                                                                                 o ws – o rga n i c wast e syst e ms, b e lg i um
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011
EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011

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EcoInnovation - Boosting green business 2011

  • 1. bo o st i n g green business
  • 2.
  • 3. contents > introduction: where eu business embraces the environment p. 4 recycling > i n t r o d u c t i o n : w a s t e n o t, w a n t n o t p. 6 > sorting and saving electrical equipment p. 7 > using waste for new ceramics p. 8 > a new life for tyre rubber p. 9 > a second life for old shoes p. 10 > c o m p o st i n g pac kag i n g p. 11 > new furniture from old plastic p. 12 > feeding waste back into carpet production p. 13 > eco-rubber for new markets p. 14 > adding value to cnt waste p. 15 > bringing dark plastic to light p. 16 > n ew ways to sort alumi n ium p. 17 > a new life for plastic windscreens p. 18 > reducing nappy waste p. 19 p a g e 1
  • 4. building and construction > i n t r o d u c t i o n : n e w f o u n dat i o n s for a greener europe p. 20 > building with biosludge p. 21 > a lower carbon footprint for concrete p. 22 > wa l l pa n e ls f r o m wa st e p. 23 > a greener glue for wood flooring p. 24 > glass walls reduce waste p. 25 > d e c o r at i n g w i t h wa st e p. 26 food and drink > introduction: from farm to fork: a h u n g e r f o r i n n o vat i o n p. 27 > greening our menus p. 28 > a gre e n e r way to clean p. 29 > reducing food waste p. 30 > energy from animal carcasses p. 31 > m a k i n g e s s e n t i a l fat t y a c i d s f r o m a lga e p. 32 > the edible label p. 33 > a g r e e n e r c atc h p. 34 > g e t t i n g t h e m o st o u t o f m e at wa st e p. 35 > cleaning up food hygiene p. 36 p a g e 2
  • 5. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s “A helping hand to innovative and environmentally friendly products, services and processes.” > l e t t i n g o f f st e a m , s av i n g wat e r p. 37 > cleaning up olive oil p. 38 > popping a new kind of cork p. 39 > a better use of blood p. 40 green business > introduction: green business is smart business p. 41 > new dyes for greener textiles p. 42 > a g r e e n ma r k e t p l ac e f o r u s e d pa l l e t s p. 43 > improving the eco-credentials of tourism p. 44 > e n v i r o n m e n ta l ly- f r i e n d ly p r i n t i n g p. 45 > a cleaner tread p. 46 > making milk green p. 47 > cleaning up our footprint p. 48 > a cleaner polish for ceramics p. 49 > from tvs to tiles p. 50 > a gre e n e r way to han dle fre ight p. 51 > shaking the dust off ceramic tiles p. 52 > redesigning the motorcycle p. 53 > sweet music from sugarbeet p. 54 > e c o - f r i e n d ly c a r s e at s p. 55 p a g e 3
  • 6. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s “The best Eco-innovation projects are those that can be replicated and multiplied across the EU.” introduction where eu business embraces the environment In our consumer-driven world, the potentially harmful impact of products and services on the environment has too often been ignored. But that is changing, thanks to a new generation of consumers and businesses determined to marry society’s everyday needs with a cleaner and greener environment. One solution is to introduce innovative products, services and processes that protect the environment – a process known as eco-innovation. The goal is to reduce environmental impacts and make better use of resources. Spearheading the EU’s effort to bridge the gap between research and the market is the Eco-innovation initiative. This is designed to help the EU meet its environmental objectives and boost economic growth, and is managed by the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) in close cooperation with the European Commission’s Environment Directorate-General. The initiative is part of the EU’s Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP). It also contributes to implementation of the Environmental Technologies Action Plan (ETAP), aimed at boosting environmental technologies while strengthening economic growth and competitiveness. from prototypes to production The Eco-innovation initiative is not about research: all ideas must be developed, practical and offer long-term viability to qualify for funding. Nor are projects simply about protecting the environment. What the initiative does is lend a helping hand to innovative and environmentally friendly products, services and processes – moving them along the road to fully fledged commercial prospects, ready for uptake by business and industry. Exploitation and market replication are key concepts. The EU wants to maximise this initiative’s impact and to get the best possible return on investment for each euro invested in it. The best Eco-innovation projects are those that can be replicated and multiplied across the EU. p a g e 4
  • 7. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s As a cross-cutting initiative, Eco-innovation provides eco-innovation: funding for projects in various sectors that mitigate environmental impacts or promote a more efficient small businesses use of resources. The latest priority areas include gearing up for growth materials recycling, buildings, the food and drink sector, and greener business. Environmental products and services have the world at their feet. By one estimate (OECD), they represent around 2.5% of the EU’s GDP. Small and innovative businesses projects selected across the Community, bursting with great green ideas for funding in 2008 to share with others, are expected to benefit most from this significant and expanding market. and 2009 by area European eco-industries support some 3.4 million jobs, OTH ER underlining their readiness to step up to tomorrow’s 1% environmental challenges. For all these industries, the Eco-innovation initiative is a prime opportunity BUILDINGS 10% R ECYC LI NG to reach an EU-wide market with their latest 43% environmentally friendly ideas and solutions. FOOD AND DRINK GREEN BUSINESS 21% eu eco-innovation 25% goals > Market uptake and leverage Projects selected must be environmentally beneficial, > SME focus innovative and economically viable in the medium to > Substantial environmental benefits long-term. Eco-innovation funding is only there to help > European added value ideas get off the ground: every project must be able to continue without EU funding. Some €200 million are available for Eco-innovation projects from 2008-13, attracting participants from A multitude of different projects have been supported companies and other organisations. Priority is given to to date. Successful examples include recyclable-paper SMEs. Currently they make up 70% of project participants. milk bottles, eco-friendly materials for shoes, sound For all Eco-innovation participants, the goal is clear: environmental advice for small businesses, and organic boosting Europe’s economic growth whilst protecting bio sludge that can be converted into solid construction the environment. materials. p a g e 5
  • 8. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g > recycling waste not, want not Recycling barely existed in Europe three decades ago. But today this expanding and innovative sector has a turnover of €24 billion and accounts for half of the world’s waste and recycling industries. Its 60 000-plus companies – three-quarters of which are small businesses – have also created jobs for half a million people. Waste management in the EU has improved dramatically, thanks to stricter legislation and enforcement, greater commercialisation of waste streams, and the emergence of new technology to deal with waste and improve its recovery and recycling. But there is no shortage of work for Europe’s recycling sector, which faces an uphill struggle to keep pace with the mountains of new waste being generated across the continent. Almost three billion tonnes of waste were generated in the EU-27 in 2006, mainly from mining and quarrying, manufacturing, the construction sector, municipal solid waste, and hazardous waste. That is the equivalent of a staggering six tonnes for every single person in the Community, or 524 kg per capita for municipal waste. While average figures like these vary widely at the Member State level, waste generation across the EU is still increasing and is expected to go on doing so over the next decade. The movement away from landfilling, wherever possible, began when the EU adopted its Waste Framework Directive in 1975. But although recycling and incineration have increased across the EU, some 40% of its municipal waste is still sent to landfills, while only 23% is recycled, 20% incinerated and 17% composted. Thanks to the revised Waste Framework Directive, the EU now has a general waste recycling target, several specific waste targets, and the five-step waste hierarchy (prevention, reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal) is part of EU law. However, turning Europe into a ‘recycling society’ will take more effort. That is the goal of Eco-innovation recycling sector projects, such as a Sweden-based initiative to turn old car tyres into reusable ‘eco-rubber’, and a trial in Spain aimed at converting animal carcasses into biogas and fertiliser. p a g e 6
  • 9. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 1 > sorting and saving electrical equipment e-aims – automatic and individualised sorting and management processes of e-wastes summary results Electrical and electronic equipment is made up of many In addition to devising automation systems to sort different materials including glass, metals and plastics, waste, the project will be supported by software along with dangerous substances such as acids and applications and radio Frequency Identification systems heavy metals. (RFID). Europe generates about 12 million tonnes of waste The project aims to increase the rates of material electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) every year. recycling by 35-40% and decrease the amount of waste Unfortunately it is very difficult to separate waste sent to landfill by 25-30%. materials, which means much end-of-life equipment is either dumped or incinerated. The E-AIMS project intends to provide WEEE managers with an innovative sorting and recovery process. It will run a demonstration at a pilot plant to deal with waste from all categories of WEEE. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms ama i a u r i a rt e i n koa – i n koa syst e ms s. l . , s pa i n a .u r i a rt e @ i n koa .com > > pa r t n e r s i n dumetal – i n dumetal r e c yc l i n g , s pa i n frau n hofe r – frau n ho f e r s o c i e t y f o r t h e p r om ot i o n of appli e d research, ge r ma ny p a g e 7 e lectro-coord – e lectr o - co o r d h u n ga ry n o n p r o f it co. ltd., hu ngary
  • 10. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 2 > using waste for new ceramics frit-rec – integrated technology for the reuse of waste lime from the production of ceramic compounds summary results The reuse of waste lime (MFL) from the production Development of the technology will benefit the frit of ceramic compounds (frit) and glazes has been and enamel industry along with the producers hampered as the lime produced does not have a of ceramics, glass, small domestic appliances and homogeneous composition. Traditional technologies electronics. have focussed on end-of-pipe cleaning of gases and By the end of the project the amount of hazardous fulfilling environmental legislation. waste produced will be cut by 90% and CO2 by 43%. The project aims at developing a new technology and The cost of the final product will be reduced by improved production process which will enhance the approximately 4%. stability and quality of MFL. This will make it possible to use the lime as a substitute for raw material in frit and enamel production. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms n a da b ož i če k e m o f r it e lt d. , s love n i a n a da . b oz i c e k @ e m o - f r it e . s i p a g e 8
  • 11. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 3 > a new life for tyre rubber big tyre recycling – tyres regenerating into reclaim rubber and steel wire/fibres summary results Currently there is no way to recycle big tyres (with a The project will build and run the first full-scale diameter greater than 1.4 metres) and at the end of continuous process plant for big tyres ever built. their lives they are either burned or dumped. The goal is to recycle 2 000 tonnes of end-of-life tyres in This project aims to develop a recycling process that the first year of operation, before increasing production harnesses ultra-high pressure water jetting to reclaim in the following two years by up to 6 000 tonnes/year. the tyre rubber and steel fibres. Year one should yield about 1 500 tonnes of reclaimed The recycling process covers three main activities: rubber powders and granulates, which can be used in cleaning, measuring and scanning the tyres; cutting new compounds and high-value applications. and jetting; drying and sieving the resultant powder. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r lu c d e s om e r e bt rc – b i g t y r e r e c yc l i n g co r p o r at i o n b.v. b. , be lgium d e . s om e r e . lu c @ bt rc . b e > > pa r t n e r s ats – ats contracti ng nv, b e lg i um van aarse n – van aarse n i nt e r n at i o n a l bv, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s p a g e 9
  • 12. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 4 > a second life for old shoes naturalista – post-used shoes recovery in footwear industry and other applications summary results Europe consumes 2 600 million pairs of footwear The aim is to make ecological products from old products annually, which results in 1.5 million tonnes/ footwear where rubber soling and other polymers have year of footwear ending up in urban dumping sites. been used alongside materials like textiles and leather. Additionally, the sector industries contribute 90 000 The new recycling process will help to decrease the additional tonnes of waste derived from by-products environmental impact of footwear after purchase and and rejects. during manufacture. Naturalista aims to recycle old shoes and footwear Naturalista will aim to obtain an Eco-label that indicates industry waste by using a mechanical grinding process that a product uses recycled materials from shoes. that is similar to the one used to recycle tyres. The grinding process will produce a new compound that can be incorporated as a raw material into various polymeric products, such as sports-pitch surfaces and road safety products. The footwear industry will also be able to use the compound to make new soles and insoles. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r j o s é lu i s ma r í n i nvu lsa – i ny e c ta d o s y vu lc a n i za d o s s. a . , s pa i n j lu i s @ t h e - a rt- com pa ny.com > > pa r t n e r s g um p l ast – g um p l ast p o d h a l e l . l .c , p o l a n d j g – j oaq u i n ga l l a r d o e h i j o s s. l , s pa i n p a g e 1 0 t ps p – to d o pa r a s u s p i e s s. l . , s pa i n procalçado – produtora de componentes para calçado, s.a, portugal r e g ut e c – r e g ut e c , t h e c z e c h r e p u b l i c
  • 13. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 5 > composting packaging ecopack – improvement on green labels for packaging summary results The new EcoPack® certification provides new dimensions EcoPack® certification will reduce the amount of to current biodegradability standards related to the biodegradable municipal waste landfilled by promoting direct impact on biodiversity and human health. food packaging residues and other food contact materials soiled by food as valuable feedstock for Six and half million tonnes of biodegradable packaging composting. This will contribute to a reduction of the a year are currently being landfilled or incinerated in greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4), saving annually up Europe. Despite the application of EU standard EN to between 570 and 454 000 tonnes respectively. 13432 for biodegradability, commercial composters are still reluctant to consider food-soiled biodegradable A recognised industry standard that is a guarantee packaging as feedstock for composting. of safety will become a significant marketing tool for food brands and manufacturers of packaging and The second market for the new EcoPack® certification agricultural plastics. is polymers that are used as fertiliser or mulch films, corresponding to about 112 000 tonnes of soiled agricultures plastics that remain in the soil because they are not collected. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r da n i e l r i b e r a b i otox – b i o - tox sa r l , f r a n c e d r i b e r a @ b i o - tox . f r > > pa r t n e r s ce labor – ce labor scrl , b e lg i um i pl – pasteu r i nstitute o f l i l l e , f r a n c e itene – packaging, transport and logistics research center, spain p a g e 1 1 pe na – pe na e nvi ronme nt, f r a n c e opc – organ ic products c lu st e r , g r e e c e
  • 14. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 6 > new furniture from old plastic prowaste – efficient utilization of plastic waste through product design and process innovation summary results Currently only a small percentage of plastic waste is The project will design and validate a range of mechanically recycled to make beams – also called furniture with a view to large-scale production and plastic lumbers – for the urban/outdoor furniture commercialisation. market. Wider benefits will include a reduction in unsorted Plastic beams could be used more widely to make plastic waste going to landfill, incineration or energy all sorts of products such as seats, benches, gazebos, recovery. planters and fencing. Unfortunately, the mix of polymers present in plastic scrap, along with contamination from other materials, results in a plastic beam that is weak or over-dimensioned, leading to heavy and unattractive products. Prowaste aims to solve this problem by using pultruded rods made from composite materials and glass fibre to reinforce beams developed from recycled plastic. The result will be a lighter, stronger product capable of making more environmentally-friendly, aesthetically pleasing outdoor furniture. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms. a l e s sa n d r a pas sa r o c e tma – e n g i n e e r i n g , d e s i g n a n d mat e r i a ls t e c h n o logi es c e nt r e , ita ly a l e s sa n d r a . pas sa r o @ c e tma . it > > pa r t n e r s u n i sa l e nto – u n ive r s it y o f sa l e nto, ita ly masm e c – masm e c s. p. a . , ita ly p a g e 1 2 o g l e – o g l e lt d. , ita ly inserplasa – industria sevillana recicla je de plasticos s.l, spain s o lt e co – s o lt e co ma d e r a p l ast i c as. l , s pa i n c i c lo p l ast – c i c lo p l ast s. a , s pa i n
  • 15. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 7 > feeding waste back into carpet production euroc2c carpetchains – towards closed loop chains in europe summary results The manufacturing of carpets and floor tiles is, The initiative seeks to engage more partners in the traditionally, linear – raw materials are transformed and replication and up-scaling of the project and intends used to make carpets which are finally sent to landfill, to be processing 4% of the EU’s contract market in year municipal waste or cement kilns. three, i.e. 16 000 tonnes. Partners involved in this initiative are making cradle- By doing this they will reduce the use of virgin to-cradle manufacturing a key part of the carpet value materials by 8 000 tonnes, avoid the production of chain, putting in place an appropriate take-back system 8 400 tonnes of CO2 and enable the reduction of energy in six EU countries through sorting and separating by the equivalent of the average consumption of carpet waste into light and heavy fraction. 1 600 households a year. The light fraction is clean enough for the depolymeri- sation of nylon 6 into material which can then be made into yarns for new carpets. The heavy fraction will be recycled for the construction of road surfaces. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r r u d i da e l ma n s d e s s o g r o u p bv, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s r da e l ma n s @ d e s s o.com > > pa r t n e r s desso france sas, fran c e desso ge rmany gmbh, g e r ma ny desso u k ltd, u n ite d ki n g d om p a g e 1 3
  • 16. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 8 > eco-rubber for new markets ace – advanced pre-commercialization of eco rubber summary results Mountains of old tyres are still being generated in The project embraces raw materials suppliers, innovators, the EU – this initiative sets out to reuse, annually, market intermediaries and user-groups in an attempt 190 tonnes of rubber and plastic from recycled tyres to boost product uptake. through the use of a new technology partners have Success will mean the identification of 20 possible patented. customers in three geographical markets in two The technique generates copolymers for the use in sectors worth at least €5 million and the decreased thermoplastic rubber, resulting in the initiatives’ new consumption of new rubber, by 190 tonnes, and of oil, ‘eco-rubber’. This is rubber in powder form which is by 1 700 tonnes a year. mixed with reclaimed plastic to create a chemical reaction that binds and strengthens the components. The project focuses on two markets, construction and automotive, and has the overall objective of dismantling some key barriers in the pre-commercialisation phase. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r å k e pau ls s o n e co r u b a b, sw e d e n a k e @ e co r u b. s e > > pa r t n e r s k it, ka r ls r u h e r i n st itut fü r t e c h n o lo g i e , g e r ma ny ac s, b u s i n e s s i nt e r e st as s o c i at i o n ac s, s love n i a p a g e 1 4 h e rco, t y r e s h e rco sa , g r e e c e
  • 17. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 9 > adding value to cnt waste recytube – increasing the use of recycled carbon nanotube (cnt) compounds for applications summary results The production of carbon nano tube (CNT) masterbatch CNT based masterbatch production will benefit from and the compounding of CNT and injection moulding an improved environmental and economical profile. production processes all result in CNT waste. This is Plastic compounds will be cheaper and injection mixed in with thermoplastic materials at differing moulding companies will be able to use costly material proportions. that is now sent to landfill. As things are now, a lack of cost effective recycling techniques and industrial level processing means these scraps are considered useless, although the actual cost of CNT is close to €150 per kilo. The initiative aims to develop a fast, in situ charac- terisation of the scraps, during the production process, which will measure physical, thermal, mechanical and electrical properties. The goal is to obtain new polymer nanocomposites with good electrical properties. Since the machine needed to introduce the scrap into the production chain is the same as that used in recycling plastics, no extra investment is needed. > > d u r at i o n 3 0 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms ma r i a j o s e m o r e to ba d i a a i m p l as – as o c i ac i o n d e i nve st i gac i o n d e mat e r i a l e s p l ast i co s y co n e x as, s pa i n p r oy e c to s @ a i m p l as. e s > > pa r t n e r s fape ri n, fape ri n s.l, spa i n nanoc yl, nanoc yl s.a, b e lg i um colorex, colorex mast e r bac h b.v, n e t h e r l a n d s p a g e 1 5
  • 18. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 10 > bringing dark plastic to light bp sorting – black polymer sorting summary results Most black plastics end up being incinerated or Partners hope to set up forty installations a year, greatly bailed into landfill. This initiative aims to optimise relieving the pressure on landfill and cutting back the hyperspectral imaging sensors, HELIOS SWIR (short amount of material incinerated. wave infrared), to raise the annual recovery of dark Reusing this plastic will also save oil and energy, resulting and almost dark plastics by one million tonnes, in the saving of 0.5 million tonnes of CO2 a year with worldwide, within the first two years of the project’s an ultimate target of a reduction of 5 million tonnes implementation. a year, worldwide. Black polymers are used in the automotive, electrical and electronics industries along with the packaging and construction industries. However, recycling is ham- pered by the current inability to identify homogenous fractions of plastic. The proposed solution will be able to identify, classify and sort black plastics through the integration of short wave infrared in sorting machines. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r ma n f r e d pa i l evk , evk d i k e r s c h h ag g l g m b h , au st r i a ma n f r e d. pa i l @ evk . b i z > > pa r t n e r s rt t, rt t syst e mt e c h n i k g m b h , g e r ma ny py r a l , py r a l ag , g e r ma ny p a g e 1 6
  • 19. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 11 > new ways to sort aluminium parilas – quality aluminium recycling summary results This initiative will harness inline laser identification to One installation of the PARILAS system could replace demonstrate the next generation of high performance 10 000 tn/year of new aluminium. The expected purity aluminium recycling. Light metal shredder scrap is a of the sorted material fractions will be > 95% with a mixture of wrought and cast aluminium alloys and throughput of > 3t/h. recycling is only achievable if this can be separated out. The estimated economic impact (on the basis scrap Being able to do this will open a new market in material prices in August 2009) is an average gain of about specific recycling. 125 €/tonne for an alloy grade sorted fraction A pilot sorting line is planned consisting of a belt compared to a mixed aluminium fraction. conveyor to transport the shredded scrap and a laser identification unit which will measure chemical composition at a rate of 40 pieces a second. A pneumatic valve will blow pieces into one of four, different boxes according to their respective chemical composition. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r mr reinhard noll l e h r stu h l fü r l as e rt e c h n i k , rw t h a ac h e n ( u n ive r s it y o f a ac h e n ) r e i n h a r d. n o l l @ i lt. f r au n h o f e r . d e > > pa r t n e r s titech, titech gmbh, ge r ma ny lsa, lsa – laser analytical systems & automation gmbh, germany alcan crv, alcan crv, fr a n c e p a g e 1 7
  • 20. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 12 > a new life for plastic windscreens ws-rec – design and construction of a windscreen recycling line summary results Glass and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) are used to make Pure recycled PVB commands a high price (€7-8 per kg), laminated safety glass for vehicle windscreens. which makes the recycling process a profitable Current processes can only recover the glass from end- proposition. What is more, the development of a high- of-life windscreens, which means the PVB is disposed quality, commercially valuable product will lead to less of as waste, either in landfill or through incineration. PVB being dumped as waste. WS-REC aims to improve matters by constructing a The WS-REC line will also contribute to EU targets for pre-competitive scale windscreen recycling plant the recovery and recycling of old and unwanted vehicles that can recover both glass and PVB. and parts. The project will also develop a purification system that can remove glass and other substances that adhere to the PVB. In addition, glass recovery will be made more efficient. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r c l au d i o – f e r n a n d e z t e c h n o lo g i c a l c e nt r e lu r e d e r r a , s pa i n c l au d i o. f e r n a n d e z @ lu r e d e r r a . e s > > pa r t n e r s b i l d u l a n – b i l d u l a n s co o p, s pa i n lu n a r a p i d – lu n a r a p i d s l , s pa i n p a g e 1 8 za b e r – d r . za b e r s p. z .o. a . , p o l a n d p h b – p l ast i c h e rve rw e r k i n g b r a k e l , n e t h e r l a n d s m o s b.v. – mac h i n e fa b r i k ot to s c h o ut e n , n e t h e r l a n ds
  • 21. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > r e c yc l i n g 13 > reducing nappy waste the diapers project – a zero emission green plant summary results In Europe, an estimated 36.25 billion disposable nappies The project will demonstrate that recycling disposable are used every year, One baby produces approximately nappies and reducing household waste can be profitable. one tonne of used nappies. 4.5 million tonnes of used The three-year project will treat 70 000 tonnes of nappies end up in landfills and incinerators. nappies, and thus cut 56 000 tonnes of CO2 – an 80% Recycling plastics with organic contamination is reduction on incinerated nappies. complicated because of the lack of a separate col- lection system, the high energy consumption of the process itself and the uncertainty about the market possibilities of the recycled material. The Diapers Project aims to set up an industrial sorting and recycling process that will recycle nappies in a cost efficient and environmentally friendly way, leading the way for recycling of other organically contaminated plastics, also known as “forgotten” waste. > > c o o r d i n at o r m r c h r i sto p h e e s q u e n e t i w p – i nt e r n at i o n a l w o o d p r o d u c i n g com pa ny, be lgium c . e s q u e n e t @ c r st e c h n o lo g i e s.com > > pa r t n e r s vgg – van gansewi n ke l n e t h e r l a n d s, t h e n e t h e r l a n d s sug – schoe nmacke rs umw e lt d i e n st e g m b h & co kg , g e r ma ny p a g e 1 9
  • 22. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n > building & construction new foundations for a greener europe Building and construction are a key part of the EU’s economy. The sector makes up some 10% of gross domestic product and more than 7% of total employment – and these figures only take into account new construction, buildings renovation and on-site civil engineering. Some 26 million jobs depend directly or indirectly on the sector, while direct employment in the construction materials and building products industry is estimated at 2.5 million jobs. Due to its size and numerous related activities, the sector has a huge impact on the environment. Above all, it is an avid consumer of resources – with more than half of all materials extracted from the earth being turned into construction materials and products. Furthermore, in many countries waste generation from construction and demolition activities has increased in recent years. The sector also consumes vast amounts of energy and generates significant emissions to the air, soil and water. The heating and lighting of buildings alone account for around 42% of energy use and some 35% of greenhouse gas emissions. And while energy use per household has remained constant since 1985, the EU’s total energy consumption has increased in line with the expansion of our towns and cities. Tackling these environmental and sustainability challenges is tough, due to the uniqueness of the building and construction sector. It is, for example, highly regulated at the national level, making it harder to introduce innovative technologies or new standards such as Ecocodes at Community level. Other constraints to change and innovation include the public sector’s dominance as a client, the long service life of buildings, and a complex and fragmented supply chain. The Eco-innovation initiative supports several projects that aim to change the way buildings are designed, constructed, refurbished and demolished, with an eye on reducing the amount of raw materials and energy used. Projects under way include an Italian system to detect water leaks in city networks, and the testing in Serbia of the potential of organic waste or ‘biosludge’ to create composite building material. p a g e 2 0
  • 23. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 14 > building with biosludge bacom – sustainable production of composite construction materials summary results The organic biosludge produced by Europe’s 50 000 plus Anticipated results include the reduction of green waste water treatment plants has traditionally been house gasses at EU level by 1 460 000 tonnes of CO2 a disposed of in landfill or been incinerated. However, year within ten years of the project’s kick off. the landfill option has been banned in the EU since A reduction in costs of waste management and in 15 July 2009. environmental taxes will make biosolid producers more This initiative sets out to rethink the problem of competitive. biosludge waste radically, considering it as potential The use of biosolids and sludge as construction composite building material rather than as waste. The materials will generate both environmental and project uses material from a wide range of sectors such economic benefits. as ports, public waterways, water treatment plants, lime production and smelting plants, to name but a few. The first step is to upgrade the existing pilot production line in Slovenia and set up others in Slovakia, Greece and Poland. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r e r i k sa r k i c lo g e nt lt d. , s love n i a lo g e nt @ s i o l . n e t p a g e 2 1
  • 24. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 15 > a lower carbon footprint for concrete sustcon-epv – franchise marketing of a sustainability index and eco label for concrete summary results Concrete is the world’s most common construction The Sustcon-EPV project aims to encourage the material but the production of cement used to bind it uptake of sustainable concrete technology via a new is a key source of CO2 emissions. sustainability index and the so-called environmental performance protocol. The use of more sustainable types of concrete is hindered by the prescription based standards and It will encourage the cross-border use of sustainable regulation that are currently in use. The project concrete, reduce raw material production and lead provides the technical and marketing structure that to a decrease of CO2 emissions of 50 to 250 kg per m3 will facilitate the access to the market of sustain- of sustainable concrete. able concrete products. Its sustainability index and environmental technology verification protocol are based on the performance of these products rather than their composition. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r lu i s m i g u e l o r d o ñ e z b e l lo c a i d i co – t e c h n o lo g i c a l i n st itut e o f co n st r u c t i o n , spai n lu i sm i g u e l .o r d o n e z @ a i d i co. e s > > pa r t n e r s fevec – federation of valencian construction companies, spain bas bv – r e s e a rc h & t e c h n o lo gy, n e t h e r l a n d s p a g e 2 2 nibe – institute for building biology and ecology, netherlands
  • 25. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 16 > wall panels from waste ecowall – novel composite concrete insulated building materials optimised summary results Many family homes are built with bricks and concrete The project will establish a pilot plant in Estonia to start block walls – a process which needs a lot of energy and production. Initially, the plant will make 100 000 m2 raw materials. of wall panels annually. EcoWall aims to reduce those requirements and Taking account of construction and use over a 50-year associated environmental impacts by producing period, a single family home built using the EcoWall modular composite concrete panels that offer savings panels can expect to achieve energy savings of more in construction costs and improved thermal insulation. than 1 840 GJ and a reduction in CO2 of 111 tonnes. EcoWall will use industrial waste materials and recycled concrete aggregates to make the panels. Foamed concrete will provide insulation, which in turn will save energy. The objective is to produce a long-lasting and durable product which retains the attractive appearance of traditional materials. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r d o u g l as r e i d a r d o r a n lt d, e sto n i a d o u g l as. r e i d @ h i i uma a . e e > > pa r t n e r s luca – dr luca & partn e r e n g i n e e r i n g lt d, g e r ma ny p a g e 2 3
  • 26. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 17 > a greener glue for wood flooring ecbp – ecolabelled chemical building products. new adhesives for wood-flooring summary results The European wood flooring (parquet) market produces By completion, the project intends to produce over 100 million square metres per year. Approximately 0.7 million kilos of adhesive that have zero methanol 70% of these wood floors are installed using a bonding emissions and no harmful substances such as tin process that requires specialised adhesives. Estimated and isocyanates. Two years after the project has consumption of these adhesives is 70 million litres per finished, NPT aims to achieve a production capacity year – but they contain volatile organic compounds of 1.5 million kilos of adhesive per year. (VOCs) which are harmful to human health and the environment. ECBP aims to introduce onto the market new envi- ronmentally friendly adhesives for wood-flooring installation, certified by the Nordic Ecolabel. The innovative prepolymers were developed and have already been demonstrated by NPT. The project focuses on increasing and optimising production capacity. Efforts will be made to involve other European countries in order to find local distributors. The main targets will be flooring companies and stores selling wood flooring. > > d u r at i o n 3 2 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r a l e s sa n d r o ga l b i at i n p t s. r . l . , ita ly a .ga l b i at i @ n p ts r l .com p a g e 2 4
  • 27. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 18 > glass walls reduce waste sanguss – wall-filling material summary results The Sanguss project is using a novel technology to The project is aiming for a quick and sustainable fill wall panels which can incorporate piping to carry penetration of the market. The initial goal is to deliver sewage and water. a market share of 5% in the two years after the project has ended. The wall-filling material is made from a special foam glass which is produced from glass which can no longer Preparation for market introduction will include 3rd be used in the conventional glass recycling process and party certification and preparation of equipment, which is thus useless waste material (e.g., finest glass materials, tools, pumps and the build up of a training fractions). This waste is at present often deposited in network. landfill. Sanguss walls will offer clear advantages in terms of waste reduction, hygiene, noise reduction, fire protection and structural stability. The end product should also be cheap and easy to use. Wall construction integrates a range of different building professions such as bricklaying, pipe-laying, plumbing and plastering. The project will work with these professions in order to try and ensure a wide market uptake. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r mr friedhelm simon baut e c h n i k s i m o n , g e r ma ny baut e c h n i k . s i m o n @ t- o n l i n e . d e > > pa r t n e r s de n n e rt porave r gmbh – d e n n e rt p o r ave r g m b h , g e r ma ny u n i bautech – u n i baute c h , g e r ma ny wimtech – wimtech – e l e kt r o n i s c h e st e u e r u n g s - p a g e 2 5 u n d messge räte, austr i a ch emi e-cluste rbaye rn – c h e m i e - c lu st e r bay e r n c /o u n ive rsität baye rn se rvi c e g m b h , g e r ma ny
  • 28. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > b u i l d i n g a n d c o n st r u c t i o n 19 > decorating with waste wap-wir – wall panel without resin - replacement of polyester resins, volatile solvents and hazardous pigments with natural stone and glass powders summary results Decorative wall panels are traditionally made using The new manufacturing process will bring about the polyester resins, volatile solvents and hazardous following main benefits: pigments, which cause air and water pollution. The > Methane savings of approx. 100.000 m3/year; WAP-WIR project aims to substitute these materials with natural stone and glass powders, obtained > Discontinuation of the use of toxic or harmful from waste. volatile solvents, polymeric resins and pigments (saving approximately 1 450 tonnes/year); The project will develop a production line that can manufacture these panels and therefore create an > 60% reduction in the quantity of water used innovative environmentally-friendly, low-energy process. (saving approximately 1 million litres/year); WAP-WIR will use fine and coarse powders – such as cuts > 25% reduction in energy consumption during of natural stone, milled glass and iron oxide spheres – production (corresponding to 300.000 kWh/year); which have been recovered from other manufacturing > A product that can be recycled both in its semi- activities. finished and finished state and even after installation. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r mr giuseppe ferrari ga r d e n i a – c e r am i c h e ga r d e n i a o rc h i d e a s. p. a , ita ly g i u s e p p e . f e r r a r i @ ga r d e n i a . it p a g e 2 6
  • 29. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k > food and drink from farm to fork: a hunger for innovation The food and drink industry is one of Europe’s crown jewels, with a turnover of more than €965 billion. It processes some 70% of the EU’s agricultural raw materials and employs over four million people – almost all in small or medium-sized businesses. Much of the sector’s success stems from harnessing Europe’s rich cultural and culinary diversity and traditions. Among them are speciality meat, dairy and confectionery products, as well as numerous different wines and spirits enjoyed all over the world. However, the sector’s share of the global food and drink market is in decline, as a result of increased competition from emerging economies such as China, India and Brazil. Experts say that Europe can no longer compete on price in this field, so will in future have to add value by offering healthier and more innovative produce. One of the sector’s main weaknesses is extreme fragmentation. More than 99% of the companies are SMEs, which means they struggle to compete with larger players, such as retail companies, in terms of market and bargaining power. In addition, compared to other industries, innovation expenditure is very low (0.37%) as a proportion of turnover. The sector has enjoyed good economic growth. But food and drink have been assessed as still having the greatest environmental impact in their lifecycle, ahead even of private transport and housing. New and greener technologies and processes can make this European sector more competitive and dynamic. Some are being trialled today under the Eco-innovation initiative. They include new wastewater treatment solutions, bio-waste transformation into new valuable products and new food packaging solutions. p a g e 2 7
  • 30. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 20 > greening our menus ecofood-sme – cluster methodologies to green business, products and services of agro-food smes summary results SMEs make up about 99% of businesses in the agro- Forty companies will undergo an initial assessment. food sector, but they often lack the resources to boost Then the project team will develop methodologies that their own eco-credentials. take account of each company’s features along with the general characteristics of the sector. This project aims to change this situation by clustering the sector’s SMEs to ‘green’ their businesses, products Changes will be implemented for half of the companies and services. A geographical cluster in Spain and a that have been assessed. This should help the SMEs breweries cluster in Germany will improve the ecological concerned achieve EMAS III certification or to obtain EN status of their products. 16001 energy management certification. Indirect impacts are expected on raw material consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, odours, the need for hazardous chemicals, amount of waste produced and on the consumption of water. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r m i g u e l a n g e l e s c a lo n a a n d r e u c e z – e nt r e p r e n e u r ’s co n f e d e r at i o n o f sa r ag o s sa , spai n m e s c a lo n a @ c e z . e s > > pa r t n e r s i nt e c h n i a – i nt e c h n i a co n s u lt i n g , g e r ma ny a i d i a – ag r o - f o o d r & d & i as s o c i at i o n , s pa i n p a g e 2 8
  • 31. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 21 > a greener way to sterilise sterilis – reduction of water and energy consumption in the food industry: innovative sterilisation equipment summary results The company behind this project has developed and Sterilis will provide innovation in the field by offering built a prototype retort, which is sterilisation equipment a process of continuous sterilisation. What is more, that can be used by the food and drinks industry. the project team expects its machine will save water, electricity, chemicals – and produce less waste. The goal of Sterilis project is to harness this technology For example, water consumption could be reduced by using a machine under ‘real-life’ conditions and at by up to 30%. industrial scale at a customer’s factory. With this first implementation and a strong exploitation strategy, the company will build new machines to be sold commercially. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r t h i e r ry l e c h n e r st e r it e c h – st e r it e c h sa , f r a n c e t h i e r ry. l e c h n e r @ st e r it e c h . e u.com p a g e 2 9
  • 32. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 22 > reducing food waste enbed – environmental benefits through the decrease of food products loss and waste summary results Perishable foods need keeping at the correct tempera- ENBED intends to provide at least two companies that ture and in the right environmental conditions. produce dairy products with a system that is ready to use commercially. However, up to 33% of perishable goods are lost during storage and transportation, and the food industry is Once the system is commercialised on a European scale stuck with high energy costs to keep its products fresh. it should offer billions of euros in gas, fuel and water savings each year. The ENBED project aims to optimise the entire produc- tion and distribution chain by ensuring that products are kept in the right conditions. Its solution will be based on wireless sensors and GPRS cellular communication. The objective is to develop a system that offers real- time monitoring of conditions and the ability to make corrective actions that can avoid energy wastage and loss of product quality. > > d u r at i o n 2 4 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r m e i r avn i c a rta - s e n s e lt d, i s r a e l m e i r @ c a rtas e n s e .com > > pa r t n e r s c a i s i a l – ac a d e m i c c e nt r e f o r i n n ovat i o n a n d d eve lopme nt i n t h e f o o d i n d u st ry, ita ly p a g e 3 0 co da p – co. da . p, co l a da i ry p r o d u c ts s. p. a . , ita ly e n co – e n co e n g i n e e r i n g a n d co n s u lt i n g s r l , ita ly i n i c i at ivas – i n i c i at ivas i n n ova d o r as s. a . l . , s pa i n
  • 33. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 23 > energy from animal carcasses apre – management of organic watse using anaerobic co-digestion for its recycling as organic fertiliser summary results The agro-food industry disposes of animal by-products The APRE process can treat 11 tonnes of dead animals mainly through rendering and incineration or landfill every day, which will produce 4 000 m3 of bio-gas actions which have high environmental impacts. (60% of which is methane) and 44 tonnes of liquid fertiliser. The heat generated will be turned into electric APRE aims to develop a more sustainable approach power which can be used in production or sold on. to the management of animal by-products and dead animals through the anaerobic digestion of carcasses The fertiliser will be used on land for corn crops. to produce a high-quality fertiliser and bio-gas. The corn grains will be sold as fodder, while the leaves and stalks are co-digested to optimise the APRE process. The project therefore offers an innovative way to use waste to produce useful products that have high economic and environmental benefits. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms yo l a n da c a rc e d o vi s e – vi s e co r sa s. l .u, s pa i n vi s e co r sa @ r a n e b e . e .t e l e f o n i c a . n e t > > pa r t n e r s bfc – biogas fu e l ce ll s. a , s pa i n big – bigadan a /s, de nma r k pu ral – pu ri n es almazá n s. l . , s pa i n p a g e 3 1
  • 34. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 24 > making essential fat t y ac i d s f r o m a lga e phobior – an innovative photo-bioreactor for the production of micro algae with high amounts of omega- 3 fatty acids summary results Omega-3 fatty acids are essential to the human me- The first industrial-sized photo-bioreactor for the tabolism. But most nutritional supplements containing production of high-quality omega-3 fatty acids from them are made of fish oil, despite the hazards raised algae will be built at the Energiepark Bruck in Austria. by overfishing and mercury contamination. The bioreactor’s ingenious design will have several positive impacts: instead of using extra energy, CO2 Phobior aims to use algae biomass to produce omega-3 will move the algae through the system, at the same fatty acids by commercialising an innovative photo- time nourishing it and generating oxygen. Phosphate bioreactor. will be reused as well as all water. The system’s design also optimises space and sunlight to stimulate algae growth. It will also require less pest control additives. Costs will be low while producing top-range, uncon- taminated products. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r ma rt i n m o h r e co d u n a – e co d u n a com pa ny, au st r i a m o h r @ e co d u n a .com > > pa r t n e r e n e rg i e pa r k b r u c k , au st r i a p a g e 3 2
  • 35. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 25 > the edible label laser mark – creating market demand for fruits labelled ecologically with innovative laser technologies summary results Under EU regulations, fruit and vegetables have to Partners are committed to decreasing the use of natural be labelled to let consumers know product specifics. resources and their process will have the following Currently this is done through the use of adhesive, positive impacts: laminated stickers requiring the use of natural resources > Up to 35% reduction in energy consumption due to (wood, energy and water) along with chemicals the elimination of paper and polythene stickers. (glue and ink production). > Innovative process completely eliminates the pro- This initiative sets forward the use of laser marking to duction, use and residues of glue and ink used in replace stickers. This consists of marking the produce traditional process as the information is marked with edible contrast substance which appears when directly on the fruit or vegetable. activated by a laser, revealing such information as identifying numbers, country of origin and other useful information. Six installations will pilot the technology in Valencia and the UK, aiming to overcome the barriers to market uptake by proving reliability and cost effectiveness. > > d u r at i o n 3 6 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r m r ja i m e sa n f e l ix pa l au l as e r f o o d, l as e r f o o d 2 0 0 7, s. l . , s pa i n j sa n f e l ix @ l as e r f o o d. e s > > pa r t n e r s maxfrut, maxfrut s.l ., s pa i n jsv, jsv sistemas rdi f s. l . , s pa i n fcvre, fundación comunidad valenciana – region europea, spain p a g e 3 3 bcla, black country learning academy limited, united kingdom
  • 36. b o o st i n g g r e e n b u s i n e s s > f o o d a n d d r i n k 26 > a greener catch ecobionet – industrial implementation of biodegradable and compostable packaging nets for agricultural and shellfish products summary results Large supermarket chains increasingly ask their Ecobionet involves the industrialisation of four suppliers to use biodegradable packaging material. biodegradable packaging nets and their testing for This also affects suppliers of products packed in nets, strength, weight and cost efficiency. They will be such as potatoes, garlic and mussels. Biodegradable commercialised after compostability tests. nets are normally produced by a knitting process that involves a 25% waste loss. The ECOBIONET project industrialises the production of different types of biodegradable nets by a more sophisticated and reliable extrusion melt spinning process. The nets must have good physical and mechanical properties, be completely biodegradable and be cost-competitive with other solutions in the market. The packaging nets will be tested for use as a packaging of agricultural products and shellfish. The project will broaden the use of compostable biopolymers to other applications that require high melt strength and high viscosity during the manufacturing process, such as bottles and containers. > > d u r at i o n 3 0 m o nt h s > > c o o r d i n at o r ms r aq u e l g i n e r b o r r u l l a i m p l as – t e c h n o lo g i c a l i n st itut e o f p l ast i c s, s pa i n p r oy e c to s @ a i m p l as. e s > > pa r t n e r s t e c n a r o – t e c n a r o g m b h , g e r ma ny m e s e g u e r – c r i sto ba l m e s e g u e r s. a . , s pa i n p a g e 3 4 e co p l as – e co p l as ba r ba n za s. l . , s pa i n o ws – o rga n i c wast e syst e ms, b e lg i um