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Preliminary Findings


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Preliminary Findings

  1. 1. Preliminary Findings Modernity and Violence The rise of autonomy discourse within indigenous people in San Juan Copala, Oaxaca, Mexico  
  2. 4. San Juan Copala <ul><li>Location History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1949 San Juan Copala lost its rank of municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1981 MULT (Movement of Unification and Triqui Struggle) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1988 UBISORT (Unity of Social Welfare for the Triqui Region) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006 Declaration of the Autonomous Municipality of San Juan Copala </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. Currently social condition <ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political interventionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anew wave of social movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous movements in Mexico </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban movements in Oaxaca </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy building worldwide </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. General Research Question <ul><li>What are the elements that account in the construction of new discourses? Specific questions How violence is shaping transformation in Copala? Is the transnational community a channel for flowing of discourses? Who are the users of discourse? </li></ul>
  5. 7. Dance in Anniversary of Autonomous Municipality 21/01/08
  6. 8. Theories   <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Transnational community (Kearney and Besserer) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copala as an extended community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>     Different problems on different places </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Labour rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Settlements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>     local vs. transnational </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 9. La Nueva San Juan Copala, Sonora México
  8. 10. San Quintín, Baja California
  9. 11. Mexico City
  10. 12. San Juan Copala, Oaxaca
  11. 13. Theories <ul><li>Hirschman's framework about accountability, voice, exit and loyalty Foucault description of Discourse Actor Oriented Approach Multiple Realities Alternative discourse as a product of modernity </li></ul>
  12. 14. Methods <ul><ul><li>Qualitative Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Case study </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Interview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informal Interview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Findings (1) <ul><ul><li>Migration patterns are shaped by violence rather than by poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical migration theories doesn't fit in the case of Triquis from Copala </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration is an individual choice of exit but shaped by loyalty issues (group vs family) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The transnational community doesn't work as an extended community, no strong networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New communities are independents to each another </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Findings (2) <ul><ul><li>The structure of organization has been changed along the time from traditional based on agriculture production to one focused on political activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used discourses evolved from dependence of the state to resistance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in the government policies, weakness in the attention of indigenous affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy allow them to access into the discourse realm of social networking and media. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. Findings (3) <ul><ul><li>Age gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old organisations (MULT- UBISORT) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep control by fear </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discredit young people ideas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship with government </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Young organisations (AMSJC) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inexperience </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hope </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peace </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Reflection <ul><li>Despite of theoretical description about indigenous autonomy and communality building, a small community with huge problems, declares itself &quot;Autonomy Municipality&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>This event turns around to social actors to review and re-draw, what autonomy means in academic, media and social circles. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT MAKE IT POSSIBLE? </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>New local actors are challenging anew arena for development and a changing global world. </li></ul><ul><li>They creatively and unexpectedly have created something what they called Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>As a consequence, Autonomy must be re-defined in order to fit into what communities -in practice- are doing so. </li></ul>