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InfralineEnergy | Solar Irrigation Pumps in India : Market Potential


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Business Series Publication 'Solar Irrigation Pumps in India' by InfralineEnergy.The report deals with all aspects of introduction of solar pumps in market, the potential of replacing pumps, the technologies that can be followed and also the impact of introduction of solar pumps on second green revolution. For further details, please visit

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InfralineEnergy | Solar Irrigation Pumps in India : Market Potential

  1. 1. InfralineEnergy Publications Solar Irrigation Pumps in India: Market Potential August 2014
  2. 2. India is primarily an agricultural nation. A large portion of India’s population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. India's agro exports during 2013-14 touched USD 45 billion as against USD 41 billion in 2012-13 and USD 25 billion in 2011-12. The growth rate of agricultural GDP over last decade is given in Figure1. The major requirement of agriculture sector is water resources. Agriculture accounts for 80 percent of water needs at present, out of which 60 percent of irrigation water comes from groundwater. The water resources potential of the country as runoff in the rivers is about 1,869 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM). However, after allowing for natural processes like evapo- transpiration, only about 1,123 BCM of the total annual water potential is available. Figure 1: Rate of Growth of Agriculture and Allied Sectors (in percent) 9.05 0.18 5.14 4.16 5.8 0.09 0.81 7.9 3.6 1.42 4.71 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Source: Planning Commission Figure 2: Power Consumption in Agricultural Sector (in GWh) 20961 44056 84019 81673 99023 140960 153116114068 175419 280206 322459 455748 785194 852903 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 End of 6th Plan End of 7th Plan End of 8th Plan End of 9th Plan End of 10th Plan End of 11th Plan Ist year of 12th Plan Total Consumption Agriculture Consumption Source: CEA The water from underground sources is extracted by using pumps. As per the 4th Minor Irrigation census, the number of pumps used in India under groundwater irrigation is 19.76 million and that under surface lift irrigation is 0.65 million. Out of this, approximately 88 percent of pumps used for irrigation are either diesel or electricity based. Thus, there lies a potential of replacement of these pumps with solar pumps especially in the areas where solar energy is available during irrigation periods. About 5,000 trillion kWh per year (equivalent to 600 GW) energy is incident over India’s land area. In most parts of India, clear sunny weather is experienced 250 to 300 days a year. The annual radiation varies from is comparable with radiation received in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Agriculture sector in India is utilizing almost one fourth of the total power being consumed in the country as depicted in Figure 2. Even after an increment in power generation and utilization, the nation still remains power deficit. Thus dependency on other modes like substitution of direct power by diesel increases. Till the end of XI plan, total 113.24 million hectares of potential has been created including all major, medium and minor irrigation projects. Out of this, 89.94 million hectares has been beneficially utilized as depicted in Figure 3. Complete utilisation of irrigation potential will require development of irrigation sector including water resources, pumps as well as Government support. Figure 3: Irrigation Potential Created and Utilized (in million hectares) 76.44 113.24 68.59 89.94 40 60 80 100 120 7th Plan Annual Plan 8th Plan 9th Plan 10th Plan 11th Plan Potential Created Potential Utilized Source: Planning Commission Solar Irrigation Pumps in India: Market Potential
  3. 3. Solar Irrigation Pumps Drivers - Growing Irrigation Potential - Rising Rural Incomes - Mechanization of Agriculture: Increased demand for irrigation pumps - Institutional Support - Significant Savings in fuel and subsidy Competitive Advantage - Independent of Grid based electricity and expensive diesel - Environment Friendly - Special Support to individuals for Solar Pumping Systems up to 5kWp Institutional Support - Increased Availability of Credit for Agricultural Activities - JNNSM Phase II: > Solar Water Pumping: Thrust Area for promotion of off-grid solar > Manufacture of Permanent Magnets and Other Motors for Solar Pumps: Thrust Area for promotion of Solar Manufacturing Capability Key Highlights:  Current Scenario: Indian Agricultural Pump-set Market  Cost of Replacement of traditional irrigation pump-sets with solar pump-sets  Benefits of using Solar Pumps:  Environmental Benefit  Economic Benefits  Case Study: State specific modeling for solar pump Key Questions Answered:  What is the market potential for solar pumps in India?  What are the drivers and challenges in their adoption in India?  What are the various technology options for large-scale implementation of solar pumps in India?  What are the key factors that impact the cost of replacement of traditional pump- sets with solar pump-sets?  What financing models are adopted? Solar Irrigation Pumps in India: Market Potential
  4. 4. 1. Introduction • Indian Agriculture Outlook Unreliability of Monsoon Current Irrigation Scenario: Ground Water Irrigation • Potential of Solar Irrigation in India Solar Radiation in India Agriculture Land Holdings Agriculture Pattern in India Requirement of Water for Major Crops Availability of Power for Agriculture Water Resources and Irrigation Potential 2. Agricultural Pump-sets: Usage and Technology • Use of Pumps in Agriculture • Technologies in Use 3. Substitution of Conventional Pump-sets with Solar Pump-sets • Cost of Replacement Capital Cost Operational Cost • Savings Diesel and Electricity savings Subsidy Savings Other Benefits • Environmental Impact • Challenges 4. Financing Mechanisms • Subsidy and Incentive Schemes • Financial Institutions 5. Case Study: Rajasthan Model • State Specific Hydrogeology • Usage of Pumps for Irrigation • Savings in Cost and Fuel 6. Way Forward • Second Green Revolution: Expected Path • Integration with modern irrigation methods • Global Experiences 7. Profile of Major Players Solar Irrigation Pumps in India: Market Potential Draft Contents & Coverage:
  5. 5. Note: TDS will not be deducted. In case of payments to be made in USD, Euro, GBP the conversion rates on the date of purchase will be applicable. Making the Payment - Payment in Indian Rupees (INR): We accept Cheques / Demand Draft. However, we prefer payment through RTGS. Account Name Infraline Technologies India Pvt. Ltd Account Type Current Account Account No. 503011022657 Bank Branch IFSC Code VYSA0005030 Name of Bank ING Vysya Address ING Vysya Bank Ltd. Ground Floor Narain Manzil, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi Payment through Cheques / Demand Draft: Payment should be made in favour of 'Infraline Technologies (India) Private Limited' through Cheques / DD payable at New Delhi (or 'at Par' cheques) and send it to the below mentioned address. For Payments in Foreign Currency Through Wire Transfer: The wire transfer instructions are available at Through Credit Card: We accept Visa, Master, Amex Cards and all major Net Banking cards. Additional 7% Gateway processing charge applicable along with additional shipping/courier charges. For Sales & Support Ravinder Nagar +91 11 4625 0027 +91 9873422453 For Research & Consulting Kumar Saurabh +91 11 46250000 +91 9899866251 14th Floor, Atmaram House, 1, Tolstoy Road, Connaught Place, New Delhi- 110001, India Tel +91 11 46250027 (D), 46250000, Fax +91 11 46250099 Email, For more details, visit Pricing Options Report (Hard Bound) INR 40,000 Report Electronic Version (Single User License) INR 35,000 Report Electronic Version (Corporate License) INR 2,30,000 Benchmarking Indian Solar PV - 2012